Vindonissa


Vindonissa

Vindonissa was a Roman legion camp at modern Windisch, Switzerland. It was probably established in AD 15. In an expansion around 30, thermal baths were added.The Legio XIII "Gemina" was stationed at Vindonissa until 44 or 45. With the arrival of the 21st legion (XXI "Rapax") the camp was rebuilt with stone fortifications. After the 21st legion had looted the countryside in 69, it was replaced by the 11th legion (XI "Claudia") which remained stationed until 101. After this date, Vindonissa was a civilian settlement, with a castle built in the 4th century.

The remains of the camp are listed as a heritage site of national significance. [Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance (1995), p. 49.]

ee also

* Early history of Switzerland

References


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  • VINDONISSA — primo omnium Tacito, l. 4. Hist. c. 61. 62. memorata, qui legionem 21. ibi castra habuisse tradit: in itin. Antonini inter Vitodurum et Augustam Rauricam: in tab. Peuting. inter Augustam Rauricam, Arborem felicem et Brigantium ponitur. Eumenio in …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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