- Fernando Valenzuela
Infobox MLB retired
birthdate=birth date and age|1960|11|1
Los Angeles Dodgers
St. Louis Cardinals
Earned run average
Los Angeles Dodgers(by|1980-by|1990)
San Diego Padres(by|1995-by|1997)
St. Louis Cardinals(by|1997)
* 6x All-Star selection (1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986)
World Serieschampion (1988)
Gold Glove Awardwinner (1986)
Silver Slugger Awardwinner (1981, 1983)
NL Cy Young Award
NL Rookie of the Year
NL TSN Pitcher of the Year
Fernando Valenzuela Anguamea (born
November 1, 1960, Etchohuaquila, Sonora, Mexico) is a former left-handed pitcherwho pitched for six different teams during his Major League Baseballcareer, most notably the Los Angeles Dodgers, with whom he pitched for eleven seasons, from 1980 to 1990. Thanks in part to his "Ruthian physique," [http://www.losangelesdodgersonline.com/fernandovalenzuela.php] [http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/V/Valenzuela_Fernando.stm] and a devastating screwballthat helped him win his first eight straight decisions in Baseball Year|1981, Valenzuela touched off an early 80s craze dubbed " Fernandomania". [http://www.thebaseballpage.com/features/2001/fernandomania.htm] That year, Valenzuela became the only player in Major League history to win both the Rookie of The Year award and the Cy Young Awardin the same season.
Valenzuela, the youngest of twelve children, was born in
Etchohuaquila, a small town within the municipality of Navojoa, in the state of Sonora, Mexico. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g1epc/is_bio/ai_2419201244] His birth date is officially listed as November 1, 1960, but during his phenomenal rookie season in 1981 some observers questioned his age, guessing him to be significantly older than twenty. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g1epc/is_bio/ai_2419201244]
In Baseball Year|1978, 17-year-old Fernando Valenzuela began his professional baseball career with the Guanajuato Tuzos of the Mexican Central League, posting a 5-6 record with a 2.23 ERA. The following year, the Mexican Central League was absorbed into the expanded
Liga Mexicana de Beisbol(Mexican Baseball League), automatically elevating then 18-year-old Valenzuela to the AAA level. Pitching for the Leones de Yucatán (Yucatan Lions) that year, Valenzuela went 10-12 with a 2.49 ERA and 141 strikeouts. [http://www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Fernando_Valenzuela#The_early_part_of_Valenzuela.27s_career] A number of Major League teams scouted Valenzuela during this time, but it was the Los Angeles Dodgers who finally gambled on the young lefty, buying out his Liga contract on July 6, Baseball Year|1979, for $120,000. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g1epc/is_bio/ai_2419201244]
Los Angeles Dodgers
After acquiring Fernando Valenzuela in the summer of 1979, the Dodgers assigned him to the Lodi Dodgers (now the
Rancho Cucamonga Quakes) of the High-A level California League, where he posted a 1-2 record and a 1.13 ERA in limited action. [http://www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Fernando_Valenzuela#The_early_part_of_Valenzuela.27s_career] In Baseball Year|1980 Valenzuela was promoted to the AA level San Antonio Missions. There Valenzuela led the Texas Leaguewith 162 strikeouts, and ranked third in ERA. [http://www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Fernando_Valenzuela#Fernandomania]
Valenzuela was called up to the Los Angeles Dodger
bullpenin September of 1980. In the last month of the season, Valenzuela helped the Dodgers to a Western Division tie with the Houston Astros, pitching 17 2/3 shutout innings of relief over the course of ten games, during which he earned two wins and a save. [http://www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Fernando_Valenzuela] The Los Angeles Dodgers then lost a one-game playoff- and thus the division championship - to the Astros. His agent, skilled self promoter Antonio De Marco (husband of Rita De Marco (Caprino) of the Caprino Sisters) assisted him in entering the U.S.A., and his lucrative contracts with the Los Angeles Dodgers etc.
Valenzuela's efforts made him the odds-on favorite to be the league's top rookie in Baseball Year|1981, and he didn't disappoint, starting the season 8-0 with five shutouts and an ERA of 0.50. Punctuating this dominance on the mound, Valenzuela had an extremely unusual but flamboyant wind-up (looking skyward just at the apex of every pitch), which drew attention of its own. [http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2006/writers/alex_belth/08/04/five.phenoms/index.html] He became an instant media icon, drawing huge crowds from the Los Angeles
Hispaniccommunity every time he pitched and triggering high demand across the country for his rookie baseball cards. The craze surrounding Valenzuela came to be known as "Fernandomania." [http://www.losangelesdodgersonline.com/fernandovalenzuela.php]
Valenzuela was less dominant after the 1981 player strike wiped out the middle third of the season, but the left-hander still finished with a 13-7 record, a 2.48 ERA, and a league-leading 180 strikeouts. That season Fernando Valenzuela became the only pitcher to win
Rookie of the Yearand Cy Young Awardhonors in the same year. In the post-season, Valenzuela pitched a complete Game 3 of the 1981 World Seriesagainst the New York Yankees, helping the Dodgers to their first World Championship since Baseball Year|1965.
In addition to his skills on the mound, Valenzuela also made a name for himself at the plate. During his rookie season, Valenzuela batted .250 and struck out just nine times in 64 at bats. That season, and again in 1983, Valenzuela was the recipient of the National League's
Silver Slugger Awardfor pitchers. In 1990, his last season with the Los Angeles Dodgers, Fernando hit .304 in 69 at-bats, with one home run, five doubles, and eleven runs batted in. In 936 career at-bats - roughly two full seasons worth of at-bats for a full-time position player - Valenzuela had ten home runs and 84 runs batted in. On at least two occasions with the Dodgers, Valenzuela was called upon to play outfield and first base in marathon extra-inning games in which he did not pitch. [http://www.losangelesdodgersonline.com/fernandovalenzuela.php]
Following the outstanding debut, Valenzuela, nicknamed "El Toro" by fans, settled down into a number of years as a workhorse starter and one of the league's best pitchers. He had one of his best seasons in Baseball Year|1986, when he finished 21-11 with a 3.14 ERA and led the league in wins, complete games and innings pitched. He lost a narrow vote for the Cy Young Award to the Astros' Mike Scott.
At the 1986 All-Star Game, Valenzuela made history by striking out five consecutive American League batters, tying a record set by fellow left-handed screwballer
Carl Hubbellin the Baseball Year|1934 contest.
In Baseball Year|1987, he began to slump, dropping off to 14-14 with a 3.98 ERA. By Baseball Year|1988, when he won just five games and missed much of the season (ironically, in a year in which the Dodgers won the World Series), it was obvious he had a dead arm.
No longer blessed with his great screwball, he came back in Baseball Year|1989 and went 10-13, improving to 13-13 a year later. He had one last great moment on
June 29, Baseball Year|1990, when he threw a 6-0 no-hitteragainst the St. Louis Cardinalsjust hours after the Oakland Athletics' Dave Stewart had thrown one against the Toronto Blue Jays.
After pitching ineffectively in spring training in Baseball Year|1991, Valenzuela was released by the Dodgers. An abortive attempt at a comeback with the California Angels failed later that summer. He returned to the Mexican League, where he pitched and played some first base when he wasn't on the mound, before making another brief comeback in Baseball Year|1993 with the
Jumping between the big leagues and Mexico for the next few seasons, he put together one more solid big-league season in Baseball Year|1996 for the
San Diego Padres, going 13-8 with a 3.62 ERA. He retired a year later with a final record of 173-153 and a 3.54 ERA as a member of the St. Louis Cardinalsunder new manager Tony LaRussa.
Los Angeles Dodgersinvited him to spring training in 1999, but he declined the offer.
June 29, Baseball Year|2004, Valenzuela announced he would return to the mound in the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico(the Mexican Pacific Coast League) to play for Los Aguilas de Mexicaliin October at which time he was nearly 44 years old. He pitched again that Mexican winter league, during the 2005-06 season.
Valenzuela was considered an exceptionally good hitter for a pitcher. His best year at the plate was by|1990, when he hit .304 with five doubles and 11 RBI in 69
at-bats. His career batting averagewas .200, with 10 homers, 26 doubles, and 84 RBI in 936 at-bats. Valenzuela was even used on a number of occasions as a pinch-hitter, batting .368 (7-for-19) in such situations.
In Baseball Year|2003, Valenzuela returned to the Dodgers organization as the Spanish-language radio color commentator for National League West games, joining
Jaime Jarrinand Pepe Yniguezin the Spanish-language booth.
Valenzuela also served on the coaching staff of Team Mexico during the
2006 World Baseball Classic.
In 2005, he was named one of three starting pitchers on Major League Baseball's
Latino Legends Team.
Dodgers clubhouse manager Mitch Poole has unofficially kept Valenzuela's jersey number 34 out of circulation out of respect for him. [cite web|url=http://sports.yahoo.com/mlb/recap;_ylt=AgK6J8ipvlx..jR3bIdxRN6pu7YF?gid=280801119|title=Big Unit beats Dodgers 2-1 in Manny’s LA debut|date=08-02-2008|publisher=Yahoo.com|accessdate=2008-08-02]
In 2008 the band
The Baseball Projectreleased "Volume 1: Frozen Ropes and Dying Quails", where they refer Fernando Valenzuela in a song in spanish called "Fernando"
His son, Fernando Jr., played in the
San Diego Padresorganization as a first baseman. In 2006, Fernando Jr. moved to the Kannapolis Intimidators, a Class A League team in the South Atlantic Leagueaffliated with the Chicago White Soxand located in Kannapolis, NC, as a first baseman. In 2008 season, he played first base for the Leones de Yucatan, of the Mexican Baseball League [http://web.minorleaguebaseball.com/milb/stats/stats.jsp?n=Fernando%20Valenzuela%20Jr.&pos=1B&sid=milb&t=p_pbp&pid=445143] .
List of Major League Baseball leaders in career wins
List of Major League Baseball strikeout champions
List of Major League Baseball wins champions
Top 100 strikeout pitchers of all time
List of Major League Baseball no-hitters
last = Click
first = Paul
title = 20 Years Ago, Fernando Valenzuela Was King of the Hill
publisher = Baseball Digest
date = July, 2001
url = http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCI/is_7_60/ai_75308168/pg_1
accessdate = 2007-02-15
last = Linden
first = Lance
title = Fernandomania, Revisited
last = O'Connor
first = Kevin
title = St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture: Fernando Valenzuela
*Fernando Valenzuela at:
**baseballstats |mlb= |espn= |br=v/valenfe01 |fangraphs=1013327 |cube=V/fernando-valenzuela
** [http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=valenfe01 Baseball Almanac]
** [http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/V/Valenzuela_Fernando.stm Baseball Library]
** [http://www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Fernando_Valenzuela BR Bullpen]
** [http://www.losangelesdodgersonline.com/fernandovalenzuela.php Los Angeles Dodgers Online]
** [http://mlb.mlb.com/stats/historical/individual_stats_player.jsp?c_id=mlb&playerID=123619 MLB.com]
** [http://retrosheet.org/boxesetc/V/Pvalef001.htm Retrosheet]
title = National League Wins Champion
years = 1986
Rick Sutcliffesuccession box
title = National League Gold Glove Award (P)
years = Baseball Year|1986
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Look at other dictionaries:
Fernando Valenzuela — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fernando Valenzuela Anguamea Pitcher (1980 1997) Batea: izquierda Lanza: izquierda Debut en Grandes Ligas 15 de septiembre, 1980 con Los Angeles Dodgers … Wikipedia Español
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Fernando Valenzuela — Fernando Anguamea Valenzuela (1 de noviembre de 1960) es un pitcher zurdo que hizo historia con los Dodgers de Los Ángeles durante los años 80 s. Nació en Navojoa, entró al béisbol organizado en 1978 con el equipo de Guanajuato de la Liga Central … Enciclopedia Universal
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Fernando Valenzuela (Diplomat) — Fernando M. Valenzuela (* 12. November 1948) ist ein spanischer Diplomat. Er war von 2004 bis 2009 Leiter der Delegation der Europäischen Union bei den Vereinten Nationen in New York. Heute ist Valenzuela EU Botschafter in Russland. Weblinks UNO … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Valenzuela, Fernando — ▪ Mexican baseball player in full Fernando Valenzuela Anguamea , byname El Toro (“the Bull”) born November 1, 1960, Etchohuaquila, Mexico Mexican professional baseball player whose career spanned 17 seasons in the major leagues of the… … Universalium
Fernando — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Fernando imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = Male meaning = courageous, adventurer region = origin = related names = footnotes = Fernando may mean:* An Italian, Portuguese or Spanish given name equivalent … Wikipedia
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