- Additional Protocol to the Convention on cybercrime
Additional Protocol to the Convention on cybercrime is an additional to the
Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention, addressing materials and "acts of racist or xenophobic nature committed through computer networks," was proposed by some member States. This additional protocol was the subject of negotiations in late 2001 and early 2002. Final text of this protocol was adopted by the Council of Europe Committee of Ministerson 7 November 2002[http://www.usdoj.gov/criminal/cybercrime/COEFAQs.htm#topicE Frequently asked questions and answers Council of Europe Convention on cybercrime] by the United StatesDepartment of Justice] under the title "Additional Protocol to the Convention on cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems", ("Protocol"). [ [http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=189&CM=8&DF=17/02/2006&CL=ENG Protocol to the Convention on cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems] on the Council of Europeweb site] The Protocol opened on 28 January 2003and entry into force is 1 March 2006. By 17 February 20066 States had ratified the Protocol and a further 24 had signed the Protocol but had not yet followed with ratifications. [http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/ChercheSig.asp?NT=189&CM=8&DF=17/02/2006&CL=ENG APCoc Treaty open for signature by the States which have signed the Treaty ETS 185.] on the Council of Europeweb site]
The Protocol requires participating States to criminalize the dissemination of racist and xenophobic material through computer systems, as well as of racist and xenophobic-motivated threats and insults. [ [http://www.usdoj.gov/criminal/cybercrime/COEFAQs.htm#topicE Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers] by the United States Department of Justice. Last update
10 November2003] Article 6, Section 1 of the Protocol specifically covers the denial of the Holocaustand other genocides recognized as such by other international courts set up since 1945 by relevant international legal instruments. Section 2 of Article 6 allows a Party to the Protocol at their discretion only to prosecute if the offense is committed with the intent to incite hatred, discrimination or violence; or to make use of a reservation, by allowing a Party not to apply – in whole or in part – Article 6. [ [http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/en/Reports/Html/189.htm Explanatory Report on the additional protocol to the convention on cybercrime] ]
The Council of Europe "Explanatory Report" of the Protocol states "
European Court of Human Rightshas made it clear that the denial or revision of “clearly established historical facts – such as the Holocaust – [...] would be removed from the protection of Article 10 by Article 17” of the ECHR (see in this context the Lehideux and Isorni judgment of 23 September 1998)". [ [http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/en/Reports/Html/189.htm Explanatory Report on the additional protocol to the convention on cybercrime] ]
Neither of the English speaking states in Europe — Ireland and the United Kingdom — have signed the convention. On
8 July 2005Canada became the only non European state to sign the convention. The United States government does not believe that the final version of the Protocol is consistent with the United States' constitutional guarantees and has informed the Council of Europe that the United States will not become a Party to the protocol.
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