List of musical instruments


List of musical instruments

The following is a list of musical instruments, categorized by section. Please add to List of musical instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs number also. See also List of instruments by nationality and

There are 482 musical instruments listed. This includes the variations of categories, but not the categories themselves. Example: There are eight types of flutes in the western concert flute category. Therefore there are eight instruments listed in that category and western concert flute is not considered a musical instrument and is not listed in the count of instruments.

Wind instruments

:"See also: List of woodwind instruments"There are 59 wind instruments listed
*Bansuri (India)
*Danso (Korea)
*Dizi (China)
*Duduk (Armenia)
*Didgeridoo
*Diple (or Dvojnice) (Croatia)
*Fife
*Flageolet (France)
*Fujara (Slovakia)
*Gemshorn (Germany)
*Hocchiku (Japan)
*Hun (Korea)
*Irish flute
*Inci (Philippines)
*Kaval
*Khloy (Cambodia)
*Khlui (Thailand)
*Koudi (China)
*Nadaswaram (South India)
*Ney
*Nohkan (Japan)
*Nose flute
*Ocarina (Italy)
*Organ pipe
*Paixiao (China)
*Palendag (Philippines)
*Pan pipes
*Pasiyak or Water whistle (Philippines)
*Pulalu (Philippines)
*Piano horn
*Quena (South America)
*Recorder (Germany)
*Ryuteki (Japan)
*Samponia (Peru)
*Shakuhachi (Japan)
*Shinobue (Japan)
*Shvi (Armenia)
*Siku
*Slide whistle
*Suling (Indonesia/Philippines)
*Tin Whistle
*Tonette
*Tumpong (Philippines)
*Veena (South India)
*Vertical flute
*Washint (Ethiopia)
*Western concert flutes:
**Piccolo
**Flute
**Alto flute
**Bass flute
**Contra-alto flute
**Contrabass flute
**Subcontrabass flute
**Double contrabass flute
**Hyperbass flute
*Whistle
*Willow flute (Scandinavia)
*Xiao (China)
*Xun (China)
*Zufolo (Italy)

ingle reed instruments

There are 38 single reed instruments listed
*Alboka
*Arghul
*Chalumeau
*Clarinets
**Piccolo clarinet (A♭ clarinet)
**Sopranino clarinet (E♭ clarinet, D clarinet)
**Soprano clarinet (C clarinet, B♭ clarinet, A clarinet, G clarinet)
**Saxonette
**Basset clarinet
**Clarinette d'amour
**Basset horn
**Alto clarinet
**Bass clarinet
**Contra-alto clarinet
**Contrabass clarinet
**Octocontra-alto clarinet
**Octocontrabass clarinet
*Launeddas (Sardinia)
*Mijwiz
*Octavin
*Pibgorn (instrument)
*Saxophones:
**Soprillo
**Sopranino saxophone
**C Soprano saxophone
**Soprano saxophone
**Mezzo-soprano saxophone (Alto in F)
**Alto saxophone
**C melody saxophone
**Tenor saxophone
**Baritone saxophone
**Bass saxophone
**Contrabass saxophone
**Subcontrabass saxophone
**Tubax
*Tarogato (modern single-reed)
*Folgerphone

Double reed instruments

There are 35 double reed instruments listed.
*Bassoon
**Contrabassoon/Double bassoon
**Tenoroon
*Bifora (Sicily)
*Bombarde (France)
*Cromorne
*Crumhorn
*Dulzaina (Spain)
*Dulcian
*Guan (instrument) (China)
*Heckelphone
**Piccolo heckelphone
**Terz heckelphone
*Kèn bầu (Vietnam)
*Nadaswaram (India)
*Oboes:
**Piccolo oboe
**Oboe d'amore
**Cor anglais/English horn
**Oboe da caccia
**Bass/Baritone oboe
**Contrabass oboe
*Rackett
*Contrabass á anche / Reed contrabass
*Sarrusophones:
**Sopranino sarrusophone
**Soprano sarrusophone
**Alto sarrusophone
**Tenor sarrusophone
**Baritone sarrusophone
**Bass sarrusophone
**Contrabass sarrusophone
*Shawm
*Sralai (Cambodia)
*Suona (China)
*Surnay
*Tarogato (original two-reed variety)
*Trompeta china (Cuba)
*Tromboon

Bagpipes (single and double reed)

*"See: Types of bagpipes"

Brass instruments

There are 29 brass instruments listed(not necessarily made from brass)
*Air horn
*Alphorn
*Baritone horn
*Bazooka
*Bugle (instrument)
**keyed bugle
*Cimbasso
*Conch
*Cornet
*Cornett
*Didgeridoo
*Doulophone/Cuprophone
*Euphonium
*Flugelhorn
*Horagai
*Horn/French horn
*Jug
*Mellophone
*Ophicleide
*Roman tuba
*Sackbut
*Saxhorn
*Subcontrabass tuba
*Serpent
*Shofar
*Sousaphone
*Tenor Horn/Alto Horn
*Trombone
*Trumpet
*Tuba
*Wagner tuba
*Quinticlave

Free reed instruments

There are 18 free reed instruments listed
*Accordion
**Chromatic Accordion
**Button Accordion
**Free Bass Accordion
*Array mbira
*Agidigbo
*Bandoneón
*Bawu
*Bayan
*Comb
*Concertina
*Electric thumb piano
*Harmonica
*Harmonium
*Jew's Harp
*Kalimba
*Khene
*Kisanji
*Kouxian
*Likembe
*Lusheng
*Mangtong
*Melodica
*Melodeon
*Mbira (Sanza)
*Morsing
*Musete
*Musical box
*Pipe organ (some pipes; others are woodwind)
*Saenghwang
*Sanza (Mbira)
*Sheng
*Thumb piano
*Tom (instrument)
*Yu

Voice

There are 12 vocals listed
*Soprano
*Mezzo-soprano
*Alto/Contralto
*Countertenor
*Tenor
*Baritone
*Basso/Bass
*Castrato
*Falsetto
*Kazoo
*Death growl
* Overtone/Throat singing

Free aerophones

*Bullroarer
*Harmonica
*Lasso d'amore
*Whip
*Siren

tring instruments

There are 145 string instruments listed
*Aeolian harp
*Ajaeng (Korea)
*Appalachian dulcimer (United States)
*Archlute
*Arpeggione
*Baglama (Turkey)
*Balalaika (Russia)
*Bandura
*Banjo
*Barbat (Iran)
*Baryton
*Berimbau (Brazil)
*Biwa (Japan)
*Bordonua
*Bouzouki (Greece)
*Cello (Violoncello)
*Chapman stick
*Charango (Peru)
*Cimbalom
**Electric Cymbalum
*Cittern
*Clavichord
*Crwth
*Cuatro
*Dahu (China)
*Đàn bầu (Vietnam)
*Đàn gáo (Vietnam)
*Đàn nguyệt (Vietnam)
*Đàn tam thập lục (Vietnam)
*Đàn tranh (Vietnam)
*Đàn tỳ bà (Vietnam)
*Dihu (China)
*Domra (Kazakhstan)
*Double-neck guitjo
*Double Bass
*Dutar (Central Asia)
*Duxianqin (China)
*Ektara (Pakistan)
*Erhu (China)
*Erxian (China)
*Faglong/Fuglung (Philippines)
*Fegereng (Philippines)
*Fiddle
*Gayageum (Korea)
*Gehu (China)
*Geomungo (Korea)
*Gottuvadhyam (India)
*Guitars:
**Acoustic bass guitar
**Acoustic guitar
**Bass guitar
**Chitarra battente (Italy)
**Cigar box guitar
**Classical guitar
**Electric guitar
**Flamenco guitar
**Harp guitar
**Seven-string guitar
**Slide guitar
**Steel guitar
**Tailed bridge guitar
**3rd bridge guitar
*Guitarrón (Mexico)
*Gusli (Russia)
*Guqin (China)
*Guzheng (China)
*Hammered dulcimer
*Hardanger fiddle (Norway)
*Harmonico
*Harp
*Harpsichord
*Hegelong (Philippines)
*Huluhu (China)
*Huqin (China)
*Hurdy gurdy
*Igil
*Irish bouzouki
*Jiaohu (China)
*Kadlong (Philippines)
*Kamancha
*Kantele (Finland)
*Khim (Thailand/Cambodia)
*Kokyu (Japan)
*Komungo (Korea)
*Kora
*Koto
*Kubing (Philippines)
*Kudyapi (Philippines)
*Langeleik (Norway)
*Laruan (China)
*Leiqin (China)
*Lirone
*Lute
*Lyre
*Maguhu (China)
*Mando-bass
*Mandocello
*Mandola
*Mandolin
*Mohan veena (India)
*Morin khuur (Mongolia)
*Musical bow
*Nyckelharpa (Sweden)
*Octave mandolin (Octave mandola)
*Oud
*Piano
*Piccolo violin
*Piccolo 'cello/violoncello piccolo
*Pipa (China)
*Psaltery
*Quatro
*Rebab (Pakistan)
*Rebec
*Ruan (China)
*Rudra vina (India)
*Sallameh (Iran)
*Sanshin (Okinawa)
*Santoor (India)
*Sanxian (China)
*Saung (Burma)
*Saw sam sai (Thailand)
*Saz
*Se (China)
*Shamisen (Japan)
*Setar (lute) (Persia)
*Sitar (India)
*Stroh violin
*Sopranino mandolin
*Tamburitza (Croatia/Serbia)
*Tamboori or Tanpura (India)
*Tar (lute)
*Tea chest bass
*Tenor viola
*Theorbo (Europe)
*Timple
*Tres
*Tro (Cambodia)
*Trumpet marine/tromba marina
*Tuhu (China)
*Ukulele
*Valiha (Madagascar)
*Veena (India)
*Vertical viola (and other members of the violin octet family)
*Vichitra vina (India)
*Vielle
*Vihuela (Spain)
*Viol/Viola da gamba
*Viola
*Viola d'amore
*Violin
*Violotta
*Washtub bass
*Xalam/Khalam
*Yaylı tanbur
*Yazheng (China)
*Zhonghu (China)
*Zhuihu (China)
*Zither
**Overtone zither

Percussion instruments

:"See also: List of percussion instruments"

Drums

There are 33 drums listed
*Abïa drum
*African drum
*Agung a Tamlang (Philippines)
*Bass drum
*Bodhrán (Ireland)
*Bongo drum
*Chenda (India)
*Conga (Caribbean)
*Cuíca (Brazil)
*Dabakan (Philippines)
*Dhol (Pakistan)
*Dholak
*Djembe (West Africa)
*Drum Kit
*Goblet drum
*Janggu (Korea)
*Kettle drum
*Kendang (Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines)
*Khol
*Lambeg drum (Ireland)
*Maadal (Nepal)
*Mridangam (India)
*Naqara
*Octaban
*Sabar (Senegal)
*Sampho (Cambodia)
*Snare
*Steel drum
*Surdo (Brazil)
*Tabla (Pakistan,India)
*Taiko (Japan)
**O Daiko (Japan)
*Tan-tan
*Taphon (Thailand)
*Thavil (India)
*Timpani (kettledrums)
*Tom-Tom

Other percussion instruments

There are 74 percussion instruments listed
*Array mbira
*Ahoko
*Agung/Agong (Philippines)
*Agung a Tamlang (Philippines)
*Babendil (Philippines)
*Bell
*Bianqing (China)
*Bianzhong (China)
*Bones
*Boomwhackers
*Carillon
*Castanets
*Caxixi (Brazil)
*Chime
*Ching
*Clapper
*Claves
*Cowbell
*Crotales
*Cymbals:
**Crash cymbal
**Hi-hat cymbal
**Ride cymbal
**Splash cymbal
**Zil (Finger cymbal)
*Cymbalum
*Fangxiang (China)
*Gamelan (Indonesia)
**American gamelan
**Gangsa
**Gendér
**Ugal
*Gandingan (Philippines)
*Gandingan a Kayo (Philippines)
*Ganzá
*Ghatam
*Glass marimba
*Glass harmonica
*Glockenspiel
*Gong
*Guban
*Guiro
*Hands
**Clapping
*Handbells
*Hang
*Hosho (Zimbabwe)
*Ipu (Hawaii)
*Kagul (Philippines)
*Kalimba (Africa}
*Kulintang/Kolintang (Philippines)
*Kulintang a Kayo (Philippines)
*Kulintang a Tiniok (Philippines)
*Lamellaphone
*Luntang (Philippines)
*Maraca
*Marimba
*Marimbaphone
*Mbira
*Metallophone
*Musical Saw
*Rainstick
*Ranat ek lek (Thailand)
*Ranat thum lek (Thailand)
*Ratchet
*Rattle
*Riq
*Shekere
*Singing bowl
*Slit Drum
*Spoons
*Steelpan
*Tambourine
*Triangle
*Trychel
*Timpani
*Tubular bells
*Udu
*Vibraphone
*Washboard
*Whip
*Xylophone
*Xylorimba

Electronic instruments

There are 19 electronic instruments listed
*Denis d'or
*Dubreq Stylophone
*Drum machine
*Electric guitar
*Electronic organ
*Electronic organ - synthesizer hybrid
*Electric piano
*Fingerboard synthesizer
*Hammond organ
*Mellotron
*Octapad
*Ondes Martenot
*Rhodes piano
*Sampler
*Synclavier
*Synthesizer
*Teleharmonium
*Theremin
*Turntables (record player/phonograph)
*Continuum (instrument)
*Computer
*tenori-on
*laser harp

Keyboard instruments

There are 23 keyboard instruments listed
*Accordion
*Bandoneón
*Calliope
*Carillon
*Celesta
*Clavichord
*Clavinet
*Glasschord
*Harpsichord
*Katzenklavier
*Keytar
*MIDI keyboard
*Organ
**Electronic organ
**Hammond Organ
**Pipe organ
*Piano
**Baby grand piano
**Electric piano
**Grand piano
**Janko piano
**Mechanical Piano
**Honky Tonk
**Thumb piano
**Toy piano
**Upright piano
**Upright grand piano
*Viola organista

Other

There are 10 other musical instruments listed
*Crystallophones
*Wobble board (Australian)
*Hardart
*Suikinkutsu (Japanese water zither)
*Shishi odoshi (Japanese)
*Hydraulophone
*Plasmaphone
*Pyrophone
*Quintephone
*Sea organ

External links

[http://www.oddmusic.com/ Oddmusic] A website dedicated to unique, odd, ethnic, experimental and unusual musical instruments and resources.


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