Lasagna


Lasagna

Lasagna (singular, pronounced|laˈzaɲa in Italian; plural lasagne pronounced IPA| [laˈzaɲe] ) is both a form of pasta in sheets (sometimes rippled, though seldom so in Northern Italy) and also a dish, sometimes named "lasagne al forno" (meaning "oven-cooked lasagne") made with alternate layers of pasta, cheese, and often ragù (a meat sauce) or tomato sauce. In Italy the dish is called "Lasagne" and not "Lasagna".

The word "lasagna", which originally applied to a cooking pot, now simply describes the food itself. [cite web | url=http://www.foodreference.com/html/flasagna.html | title="Lasagna: Food Facts & Trivia" | publisher=Foodreference.com | accessdate = 2007-05-04] Most English-speaking people follow the Italian usage and use the plural "lasagne" to refer to both the dish and the pasta, but Americans commonly use the singular "lasagna".

Variants

Many recipes call for several kinds of cheese, most often ricotta and mozzarella. Mozzarella is made in the south of Italy, so the use of these two cheeses is typical of lasagne made in Naples or further south.

Lasagne alla Bolognese uses only Parmigiano Reggiano, Bolognese sauce and nutmeg flavored béchamel sauce (besciamella). Classic Bologna lasagne should be made with "Lasagne verde" (green lasagne) which is egg pasta with added spinach, although in other towns of Emilia-Romagna, the lasagne need not be green.

There are hundreds lasagna variants, from artichoke spinach lasagna to spicy chipotle lasagna to vegetarian and seafood versions. The dish lends itself to creative use of ingredients by home cooks as well as the chef.

Łazanki is a similar dish made in eastern Europe.

Origin

Although the dish is generally believed to have originated in Italy, the word "lasagna" comes from the Greek "λάσανα" ("lasana") or "λάσανον" ("lasanon") meaning "trivet or stand for a pot", "chamber pot" [ [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2361998 "Lasana", Liddell and Scott, "A Greek-English Lexicon", at Perseus] ] [cite web
url=http://www.salon.com/april97/food/cookbook970402.html
title=A Lighthearted Look at How Foods Got Their Names
accessdate=2007-09-30
last=Muhlke
first=Christine
date=1997-04-02
work=Cookbook Shelf: Book Review
publisher=Salon.com
] [cite web
url=http://www.britannica.com/dictionary?va=Lasagna |title=lasagna |accessdate=2007-09-30 |work=Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary |publisher= Encyclopædia Britannica Online
] . The Romans borrowed the word as "lasanum", in Latin, meaning "cooking pot". The Italians used the word to refer to the dish in which lasagna is made. It wasn't long before the name of the food took on the name of the serving dish.

Another theory suggests that lasagna might come from Greek "λάγανον" ("laganon"), a flat sheet of pasta dough cut into strips. [ [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2361489 "Laganon", Liddell and Scott, "A Greek-English Lexicon", at Perseus] ] ["Food in the Ancient World from A to Z", Andrew Dalby, Routledge, 2003] ["Everyone Eats: Understanding Food and Culture", Eugene Newton Anderson, NYU Press, 2005] [ [http://www.pasta.go.it/origin.htm "The Real Italian Pasta"] ]

The recipe was featured in the first cookbook ever written in England, leading to an urban legend that the dish originated in the British Isles.cite web
url=http://urbanlegends.about.com/b/a/008887.htm
title="Stop the Presses, Lasagna is British!"
last=Emory
first=David
publisher=About.com
date=July 15 2003
accessdate=2007-04-23
] The claim is dubious, in light of the much earlier Roman use of "lasanum".cite web
url=http://urbanlegends.about.com/b/a/008887.htm
title="Stop the Presses, Lasagna is British!"
last=Emory
first=David
publisher=About.com
date=July 15 2003
accessdate=2007-04-23
]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • lasagna — lasagna, lasagne lasagne(l[.a]*z[.a]n y[u^]), n. 1. A baked dish of layers of lasagna[2] pasta with sauce and cheese and meat or vegetables; a popular dish of Italian cuisine. [WordNet 1.5] 2. large flat rectangular strips of pasta. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lasagna — LASÁGNA s.f. v. lazane. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • lasagna — → lasaña …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • lasagna — pasta cut in long, wide strips; a dish made from this, 1760 (as an Italian word in English), from Italian (plural is lasagne), from V.L. *lasania, from L. lasanum a pot, from Gk. lasanon pot with feet, trivet …   Etymology dictionary

  • lasagna — [lə zän′yə, ləsän′yə] n. [It (pl. lasagne) < VL * lasania, a kind of noodle < L lasanum, a pot < Gr lasanon, pot with feet, trivet] 1. pasta in wide, flat strips 2. a dish consisting of this pasta baked with alternating layers of,… …   English World dictionary

  • Lasagna — Luigi Giuseppe Lasagna SDB (* 4. März 1850 in Montemagno, Asti; † 6. November 1895 in Juiz de Fora) war ein italienischer Ordenspriester, Missionar und römisch katholischer Bischof in Brasilien. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Le …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lasagna — noun Etymology: Italian lasagna, from Vulgar Latin *lasania cooking pot, its contents, from Latin lasanum chamber pot, from Greek lasanon Date: 1846 1. (also lasagne) pasta in the form of broad often ruffled ribbons 2. a baked dish containing… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • lasagna — lasagne UK [ləˈzænjə] / US or lasagna UK / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms lasagne : singular lasagne plural lasagnes an Italian meal made with layers of flat pasta with a sauce, cheese, and meat or vegetables …   English dictionary

  • lasagna — noun 1. baked dish of layers of lasagna pasta with sauce and cheese and meat or vegetables • Syn: ↑lasagne • Hypernyms: ↑pasta 2. very wide flat strips of pasta • Syn: ↑lasagne • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • lasagna — /leuh zahn yeuh, lah /, n. 1. large, flat, rectangular strips of pasta. 2. a baked dish consisting of layers of this pasta, cheese, tomato sauce, and usually meat. Also, lasagne. [1840 50; < It < VL *lasania cooking pot (hence, appar., the… …   Universalium


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