- Romanization of Greek
There are several methods for the romanization of Greek, especially depending whether the language written with Greek letters is
Ancient Greekor Modern Greekand whether a phonetic transcriptionor a graphemic transliterationis intended.
This table lists several transcription schemes from the
Greek alphabetto the Latin alphabet.
# before αι, ε, ει, η, ι, οι, υ, υι.
# between ν and ρ.
# sometimes doubled between vowels (ex. Lari"ss"a).
# before β, γ, δ, ζ, λ, μ, ν, ρ and vowels.
# before θ, κ, ξ, π, σ, τ, φ, χ, ψ and at the end of a word.
# at the beginning of a word.
# in the middle of a word.
# on vowel: h before the vowel; on ρ: rh.
# under long vowels.
# except when there is a
diaeresis( ¨ ) on the second vowel
The use of 'Greeklish' (here: writing Greek in the Latin alphabet) has risen enormously with the advent of SMSs, email, online chatting, and other digital media, where Greek fonts are not always readily available.
Θέλω Thelo Ξανά Ksana or Xana etc Ψυχή Psyhi etc
The traditional polytonic
orthographyof Greek uses several distinct diacriticsigns to render what was originally the pitch accentof Ancient Greek, and the presenceor absenceof word-initial "h". In 1982, monotonic orthographywas officially introduced for modern Greek. The only diacritics that remain are the acute accent(indicating stress) and the diaeresis(indicating that two consecutive vowels should not be combined). The acute accent and the diaeresis are kept in both the BGN/PCGN and the UN/ELOT romanization systems. There is one exception: in the vowelcombinations αυ, ευ and ηυ the accent moves from the υ (that becomes v or f) to the preceding vowel.
English words of Greek origin
List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic namesfor help with Greek-derived scientific names of organisms
List of Greek words with English derivatives
* [http://transliteration.eki.ee/ Transliteration of Non-Roman Scripts] , a collection of writing systems and transliteration tables, by Thomas T. Pedersen. Includes PDF reference charts for many languages’ transliteration systems.
* The [http://www.eki.ee/wgrs/ Working Group on Romanization Systems] of the
* [http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/romanization/greek.pdf Transliteration chart] of the
Library of Congress.
* [http://www.lexicon.com.gr/el/tools/elot743.php/ Online transliteration tool (Greek characters into Latin characters), based on the ELOT 743 (ISO 843) standard] - Free php tool hosted on a translation-related website (Lexicon SA Greece).
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