- Local Government Areas of Australia
Local Government Area (abbreviated LGA) is a term used in
Australia(and especially by the Australian Bureau of Statistics) to refer to areas controlled by each individual Local Government. The generic names of Local Governments vary from state to state; examples include Borough, City, District, Municipality, Region, Rural City, Shire and Town. Many local government areas in New South Walesand some in South Australiano longer possess legal status such as Shire or Municipality, but are simply known as "Areas", and their councils simply "Councils", e.g. "Burwood Council" instead of "Burwood Municipal Council". There are currently 694Fact|date=April 2007 Local Government Areas in Australia.
The creation and delimitation of LGAs is the responsibility of the state and territory Governments. In all states and the Northern Territory each incorporated area has an official status.
Another term used, especially for the LGA governing bodies is
G3for the third level of Government in Australia. Commonwealth, State, and LGA. G3 is difficult to accurately place in the structure of Australian Government, it is not mentioned in the Commonwealth Constitution, nor in most State Constitutional Law. State Governments are responsible for the legislation creating it, and ultimately for supervision. However recent years have seen State governments increasingly devolving powers onto LGA, as in Queensland where LGA's have been granted the power to independently enact their own (local) legislation, in contrast to the previous system of by-laws.
New South Wales
There are 152 LGAs in New South Wales, plus the
Unincorporated Far West, and Lord Howe Island, which is also unincorporated, although governed by the Lord Howe Island Board. LGAs may be designated cities, municipalities, shires, regions, or have no designation, but in legislation all LGAs are classified as either Cities (C) or Areas (A) (all other types).
There are 63 LGAs in the Northern Territory, although only 6 of the councils are considered municipalities. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Towns (T), Community Government Councils (CGC) and Shires (S).
There are 73 LGAs in Queensland, including the Aboriginal councils which have full Shire Council status from January 2007. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Shires (S), Towns (T) and Island Councils (IC)
There are 69 LGAs in South Australia. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Municipalities/Municipal Councils (M), District Councils (DC), Regional Councils (RegC) and Aboriginal Councils (AC). The
Outback Areas Community Development Trustcovers more than half the state, but is not in any LGA.
There are 29 LGAs in Tasmania. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C) and Municipalities (M)
There are 79 LGAs in Victoria, with LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Boroughs (B) and Shires (S). There is only one borough (the only one in Australia), the
Borough of Queenscliffe.
There are 144 LGAs in Western Australia, which include
Christmas Islandand the Cocos Islands. LGA status types or classifiers currently in use are: Cities (C), Towns (T) and Shires (S)
Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territoryand the external territories do not have Local Government Areas distinct from their Territory governments.
Australian Local Government Association
Local government in Australia
* [http://www.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/abs@.nsf/0/9f0b5791ed98061fca256f1900128409?OpenDocument Australian Bureau of Statistics: Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) 2005]
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