Jõhvi


Jõhvi

Infobox Settlement
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = EST
subdivision_type1 =


|border
image_shield=Johvi_coatofarms.pngsubdivision_name1=Ida-Viru County
leader_name=Tauno Võhmar
area_total_km2=7.62
population_total=11600|population_footnotes=
population_as_of=2004
population_density_km2=1522.3
coor=59°21' N 27°25' E
latd=59|latm=21|latNS=N|longd=27|longm=25|longEW=E


Jõhvi ( _de. Jewe) is a town in north-eastern Estonia, and the capital of Ida-Viru County. The town is also an administrative centre of Jõhvi Commune. It is situated 50 km from the Russian border.

Ethnic Estonians are a minority in Jõhvi, as about 58 percent of the town's population are either ethnic Russian immigrants who arrived in Estonia during the last period of Soviet occupation (1944-1991) or their descendants.

History

Jõhvi was first mentioned as a village in 1241 in Liber Census Daniae when it was ruled by Denmark. Historical names of Jõhvi were "Gewi" and "Jewi". In the 13th century a church was built here and Jõhvi became the centre of the local church parish.

On 1 May 1938 Konstantin Päts renamed the Jõhvi borough a town along with nearly all Estonian boroughs. In 2005 the town of Jõhvi was united with the parish of Jõhvi.

External links

* [http://www.johvi.ee/ Official website] et icon


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