- Joseph Gurney Cannon
name =Joseph Gurney Cannon
office =Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
November 9, 1903
March 4, 1911
Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft
David B. Henderson
order2 =Member of U.S. House of Representatives
Illinois's 12th, 14th, 15th & 18th districts
March 4, 1873
March 3, 1883(14th) March 4, 1883– March 3, 1891(15th) March 4, 1893– March 3, 1895(15th) March 4, 1895– March 3, 1903(12th) March 4, 1903– March 3, 1913(18th) March 4, 1915– March 3, 1923(18th)
predecessor2 =None; 14th district created
Samuel W. Moulton Samuel T. Busey
John J. McDannold
Thomas M. Jett Frank T. O'Hair
Jonathan H. Rowell Samuel T. Busey Benjamin F. Marsh
Charles E. Fuller
Frank T. O'Hair William P. Holaday
May 7, 1836
Guilford County, North Carolina
November 12, 1926(aged 90)
spouse =Mary P. Reed Cannon
University of Cincinnati
net worth =
:"For other people named Joseph Cannon see
Joseph Cannon (disambiguation)"Joseph Gurney Cannon ( May 7, 1836– November 12, 1926) was a United Statespolitician from Illinoisand leader of the Republican Party. Cannon served as Speaker of the United States House of Representativesfrom 1903 to 1911, and historians generally consider him to be the most dominant Speaker in United States history, with such control over the House that he could often control debate. Cannon is the second longest-serving Republican Speaker in history, having been surpassed by fellow Illinoisan Dennis Hastert, who passed him on June 1, 2006. He was also the first Congressman to surpass 40 years of service (non-consecutive), ending his career with 48 years of cumulative congressional service, a record that held until the 1960s.
He was born in Guilford,
Guilford County, North Carolinaand in 1840 moved with his parents to Annapolis, Indiana, about 30 miles north of Terre Haute, Indiana. He was the elder of two sons of Horace Cannon, a country doctor. Horace Cannon drowned when Joseph was ten years old as he tried to reach a sick patient by crossing Sugar Creek. Young Cannon took charge of the family farm. Gulielma (Hollingsworth) was his mother; his brother William would become a successful banker and realtor.
Asked by Terre Haute politician and lawyer
John Palmer Usher, future Secretary of the Interior under President Abraham Lincoln, to testify in a slander case, Cannon became fascinated with the law. Eventually, he asked Usher if he could study law under him and moved to Terre Haute. At age 19 he traveled to Cincinnati, Ohioto attend a semester of law school at the University of Cincinnatilaw school.
He was admitted to the bar in 1858 and commenced practice in
Terre Haute, Indiana, in 1858, but was disappointed when Usher refused to offer him a place in his office. That year he relocated to Tuscola, Illinois. His choice of a new hometown was somewhat involuntary, taking place whilst he was travelling from Shelbyville, Illinois, to Chicago to find more clients for his law firm. During the trip, he ran out of money. He boarded a Chicago-bound train in Mattoon, Illinois; after the train had started, he was asked for his ticket. Because Cannon did not have a ticket, he was removed from the train in Tuscola. [" [http://www.lib.niu.edu/ipo/1994/ihy940467.html Joseph G. Cannon's Tuscola, Illinois, Connection] ", "Illinois History", April 1994.] There, he became State's attorneyfor the twenty-seventh judicial district of Illinois, holding the position from March 1861 to December 1868. In 1876 moved to Danville, Illinois, where he resided the rest of his life. He and his wife Mary P. Reed, whom he married in 1862, had two daughters.
He became a follower of
Abraham Lincolnduring the Lincoln-Douglas debatesof 1858. After Lincoln was elected President in 1860, Cannon received an appointment as a regional prosecutor.
Cannon, a member of the Republican Party, was elected as to the
United States House of Representativesfrom Illinoisto the Forty-second and to the eight succeeding Congresses ( March 4, 1873– March 4, 1891), and was the chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department (Forty-seventh Congress), Committee on Appropriations (Fifty-first Congress).
He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890 to the Fifty-second Congress, but was elected to the Fifty-third and to the nine succeeding Congresses that sat between 1893 and 1913.
He attempted to gain the Speakership four times before succeeding. His antic speaking style, diminutive stature and pugnacious manner were his trademarks. The newspapers frequently lampooned him as a colorful rube.
"Uncle Joe", as he was known, often clashed with fellow Republican
Theodore Roosevelt, who Cannon remarked had "no more use for the Constitution than a tomcat has for a marriage license".Joseph was chairman to the Committee on Appropriations (Fifty-fourth through Fifty-seventh Congresses), Committee on Rules (Fifty-eighth through Sixty-first Congresses), and Speaker of the House of Representatives (Fifty-eighth through Sixty-first Congresses). He received fifty-eight votes for the presidential nomination at the Republican National Convention at Chicagoin 1908.
In 1910 an Insurgent revolt flared in the House as both Democrats and dissatisfied Republicans stripped the Speaker of some of his powers, such as heading the House Rules Committee and ability to appoint members of other House committees.
Cannon was defeated in 1912 but returned in 1914 and was re-elected through 1922. He was a critic of President
Woodrow Wilsonand US entry into World War I. He was also an outspoken critic of Wilson's League of Nations.
Cannon retired in 1922; he was featured on the cover of the first issue of "Time" magazine on the last day of his term in office.
Born a Quaker, he became a Methodist after leaving Congress. However, he may have been effectively a Methodist long before this. After marrying Mary Reed in a Methodist service 1862, a Quaker encouraged him to express regret for this, to which Cannon replied, "If you mean that I am to get up in meeting and say that I am sorry I married Mary, I won't do it. I'm damned if I'm sorry and I'm damned if I will say I am." [cite book |last=Bolles |first=Blair |title=Tyrant from Illinois |origyear=1951 |oclc=656722 |pages=42]
Joseph Cannon died in his residence in Danville,
Vermilion County, Illinois. [cite book
title = Greetings from Danville, Ill.: A History in Postcards
publisher = Vermilion County Museum Society
date = 1997
location = Danville, Illinois
ISBN = 0-9654976-1-5
pages = p. 39] He had a weakened heart and also suffered from the general effects of old age. Cannon expired at noon on November 12, 1926 while in a deep sleep. ["'Joe' Cannon Dies in Danville at 90; 46 Years in House", "The New York Times", November 13, 1926.] He was buried in Spring Hill Cemetery.
*Cannon brought a federal Veterans Administration Hospital to Danville; it continues to serve military veterans.
*The first building of offices for congressmen outside of the
United States Capitolbuilding was named after Cannon.
*Cannon was the first person to be featured on the cover of "Time" magazine, appearing in its first issue (1923).
*Cannon signed the [http://www.footnote.com/image/4346755 16th Amendment] which established Congress' right to impose a Federal income tax.
* Bolles, Blair. "Tyrant from Illinois: Uncle Joe Cannon's Experiment with Personal Power" (1951)
* His autobiography, "Uncle Joe Cannon", (1927)
* Roger, Scott William. "Uncle Joe Cannon: The Brakeman of the House of Representatives, 1903—1911" in Raymond W Smock and Susan W Hammond, eds. "Masters of the House: Congressional Leadership Over Two Centuries" (1998) pp 33-62
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Joseph Gurney Cannon — (* 7. Mai 1836 in Guilford, Guilford County, North Carolina; † 12. November 1926 in Danville, Illinois) war ein US amerikanischer Rechtsanwalt und Politiker (Republikanische Partei), der zwischen 1903 und 191 … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Joseph G. Cannon — Joseph Gurney Cannon Joseph Gurney Cannon (* 7. Mai 1836 in Guilford, Guilford County, North Carolina; † 12. November 1926 in Danville, Illinois) war ein US amerikanischer Rechtsanwalt und Politiker (Republika … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cannon,Joseph Gurney — Cannon, Joseph Gurney. Known as “Uncle Joe.” 1836 1926. American politician who as Republican speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (1903 1911) was known for his strongly partisan and autocratic use of authority. * * * … Universalium
Cannon, Joseph Gurney — ▪ American politician byname Joe Cannon born May 7, 1836, Guilford county, North Carolina, U.S. died November 12, 1926, Danville, Illinois American politician who was a longtime member of the U.S. House of Representatives (Representatives,… … Universalium
Cannon, Joseph (Gurney) — born May 7, 1836, Guilford county, N.C., U.S. died Nov. 12, 1926, Danville, Ill. U.S. politician. He began practicing law in Illinois in 1859. Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1872, he served 46 years (1873–91, 1893–1913, 1915–23) … Universalium
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