18th Army (Germany)


18th Army (Germany)

The 18th Army (German: "18. Armee") was a World War II field army.

Formed in November 1939 in Military Region ("Wehrkreis") VI, the 18th Army was part of the offensive into the Netherlands (Battle of the Netherlands) and Belgium during "Fall Gelb" and later moved into France in 1940. The 18th Army was then moved East and participated in "Operation Barbarossa" in 1941. The Army was a part of the Army Group North until early 1945, when it was subordinated to Army Group Kurland. In October 1944, the army was encircled by the Red Army offensives and spent the remainder of the war in the Courland Pocket.

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=Eighteenth Army ("18. Armee")


caption=
dates=4 Nov 1939 - 10 May 1945
country=Germany
allegiance=
branch=Heer
type=Field Army
role=
size=
command_structure=
current_commander=
garrison=
ceremonial_chief=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
nickname=
patron=
motto=
colors=
march=
mascot=
battles=World War II
notable_commanders=
anniversaries=

Commanders

* 5 Nov 1939 - 16 Jan 1942 Generalfeldmarschall Georg von Küchler
* 16 Jan 1942 - 29 Mar 1944 Generaloberst Georg Lindemann
* 29 Mar 1944 - 2 Sep 1944 General der Artillerie Herbert Loch
* 5 Sep 1944 - 8 May 1945 General der Infanterie Ehrenfried Boege

Orders of Battle

May 10, 1940

* XXVI Army Corps
** 256th Infantry Division
** 254th Infantry Division
** SS "Der Führer" Division

* X Army Corps
** SS "Adolf Hitler" Division
** 227th Infantry Division
** 207th Infantry Division
** 1st Cavalry Division

* Direct control of Army Headquarters
** SS "Verfügungstruppe" Division
** 9th Panzer Division
** 208th Infantry Division
** 225th Infantry Division

July 1, 1941

* XXXVIII Army Corps
** 58th Infantry Division
** 291st Infantry Division

* XXVI Army Corps
** 1st Infantry Division
** 61st Infantry Division
** 217th Infantry Division

* I Army Corps
** 11th Infantry Division
** 21st Infantry Division

September 1941

* L Army Corps
* LIV Army Corps
* XXVI Army Corps
* XXVIII Army Corps
* I Army Corps

July 15, 1944

* XXVIII Army Corps
** 12th Luftwaffe Division
** Kampfgruppe Hoefer
** 21st Infantry Division
** 30th Infantry Division

* XXXVIII Army Corps
** 121st Infantry Division
** 32nd Infantry Division
** 21st Luftwaffe Division
** 83rd Infantry Division

* L Army Corps
** 218th Infantry Division
** 19th SS Division
** 126th Infantry Division
** 93rd Infantry Division
** 15th SS Division
** Kampfgruppe Streckenbach

* Direct control of Army Headquarters
** Headquarters VI SS Corps
** 207th Security Division
** 300th Division zbV (Estonian border guard units)

April 12, 1945

* L Army Corps
** 11th Infantry Division
** 290th Infantry Division

* II Army Corps
** 563rd Volksgrenadier Division
** 126th Infantry Division
** 263rd Infantry Division
** 87th Infantry Division

* I Army Corps
** 225th Infantry Division
** 132nd Infantry Division

* X Army Corps
** 30th Infantry Division
** 121st Infantry Division
** Kampfgruppe Gise

* Direct control of Army Headquarters
** 52nd Security Division
** 14th Panzer Division

Further reading

* Kurowski, Franz (2000). "Todeskessel Kurland", Podzun-Pallas Verlag, Wölfersheim-Berstadt. ISBN 3-7909-0716-2.
* Tessin, Georg (1976). "Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945" (Volume IV), Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück. ISBN 3-7648-1083-1.


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