Tokugawa clan

Tokugawa clan

The Nihongo|Tokugawa clan|徳川氏|"Tokugawa-shi" was a powerful daimyo family of Japan. They descended from Emperor Seiwa (850-880) and were a branch of the Minamoto clan (Seiwa Genji) by the Nitta clan.

Minamoto no Yoshishige (+1202), grandson of Minamoto no Yoshiie (1041-1108), was the first to take the name of Nitta. He sided with his cousin Minamoto no Yoritomo against the Taira clan (1180) and accompanied him to Kamakura.

Nitta Yoshisue, 4th son of Yoshishige, settled at Tokugawa ((Kozuke province) and took the name of that place.

Tokugawa Chikauji descended from Yoshisue in the 8th generation. He witnessed the ruin of the Nitta in their war against the Ashikaga; he settled at Matsudaira (Mikawa province).

Yasuchika (1369-1412), son of Chikauji, took the name of Matsudaira. He was in charge of Iwatsu castle, then of Okazaki castle, and strengthened the authority of his family in the Mikawa province.

Ieyasu (1542-1616) descended from Yasuchika in the 7th generation. In 1567 he obtained from the Emperor permission to revive the name Tokugawa. In so doing, he claimed descent from the Minamoto clan.

The clan rose to power at the end of the Sengoku period, and to the end of the Edo period they ruled Japan as shoguns. All in all, there were fifteen Tokugawa shoguns. Their dominance was so strong that some history books use the term "Tokugawa era" instead of "Edo period".

In addition, the heads of the "gosanke" (the three branches with fiefs in Owari, Kishū, and Mito) bore the Tokugawa surname. Additional branches became the "gosankyō": the Tayasu, Hitotsubashi, and Shimizu Tokugawa clans. Many daimyo with the Matsudaira surname were descended from the Tokugawa. Examples include the Matsudaira of Fukui and Aizu. Members of the Tokugawa clan intermarried with prominent daimyo and the Imperial family.

Their principal family shrine is the Tōshō-gū in Nikkō, and principal temple is at Kan'ei-ji in Tokyo.

Tokugawa's clan crest, known in Japanese as a "mon", the "triple hollyhock"(although commonly, but mistakenly identified as "hollyhock, the "aoi" actually belongs to the Birthwort Family and translates as "Wild Ginger" - "Asarum"), has been a readily recognized icon in Japan, symbolizing in equal parts the Tokugawa clan and the last shogunate. In "jidaigeki", the crest is often shown to locate the story in the Edo period. And in works set in during the Meiji restoration movement, the crest is used to show the bearer's allegeance to the shogunate -- as opposed to the royalists, whose cause is symbolized by the Imperial throne's chrysanthemum crest.

Family Members

*Tokugawa Ieyasu
*Tokugawa Hidetada
*Tokugawa Nobuyasu
*Yūki Hideyasu
*Matsudaira Ietada
*Matsudaira Tadaaki
*Matsudaira Tadanao
*Matsudaira Tadatsune
*Tokugawa Mitsukuni

Retainers

Clans

*Abe clan of Mikawa
*Gosankyo
*Baba clan
*Honda clan
*Ii clan
*Ishikawa clan
*Sakai clan

Important Retainers

*Abe Masakatsu
*Akamatsu Norifusa
*Akaza Naoyasu
*Amano Yasukage
*Ando Naotsugu
*Ando Shigenobu
*Aoyama Tadanari
*Ariyama Toyouji
*Asano Nagaakira
*Baba Nobushige
*Fukushima Masanori
*Fukushima Masayori
*Furuta Shigekatsu
*Hattori Hanzo
*Hattori Masanari
*Hiraiwa Chikayoshi
*Hirose Kagefusa
*Hisamitsu Sadakatsu
*Honda Hirotaka
*Honda Masanobu
*Honda Masazumi
*Honda Narishige
*Honda Shigetsugu
*Honda Tadakatsu
*Honda Tadamasa
*Honda Tadatoki
*Honda Tadatsugu
*Honda Tadazumi
*Honda Yasushige
*Honda Yasutoshi
*Hoshina Masamitsu
*Hoshina Masanao
*Hoshina Masatoshi
*Ii Naomasa
*Ii Naotaka
*Ii Naotsugu
*Ina Tadatsugu
*Ishikawa Kazumasa
*Ishin Suden
*Kikkawa Hiroie
*Kobayakawa Hideaki
*Koriki Kiyonaga
*Kutsuki Mototsuna
*Mizuno Nobutomo
*Naito Ienaga
*Naito Nobunari
*Natsume Yoshinobu
*Ogasawara Ujisuke
*Ogawa Suketada
*Okubo Tadayo
*Okubo Tadasuke
*Okubo Tadachika
*Okubo Nagayasu
*Okudaira Sadamasa
*Sakai Tadatsugu
*Sakakibara Yasumasa
*Suganuma Sadamitsu
*Torii Tadayoshi
*Torii Mototada
*Uemura Masakatsu
*Wakisaka Yasuharu
*Watanabe Moritsuna


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Tokugawa-Clan — Wappen der Tokugawa am Tōshō gū Schrein in Nikkō Die Tokugawa Shōgune Name Lebensdaten Regierungszeit Tokugawa Ieyasu 1543–1616 1603–1605 Tokugawa Hidetada 1579–1632 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shitennō (Tokugawa clan) — The nihongo|Four Heavenly Guardians of the Tokugawa clan|徳川四天王|Tokugawa shitennō| were four famous Japanese samurai generals serving Tokugawa Ieyasu during the Sengoku Period through early Edo period:*Honda Tadakatsu *Sakakibara Yasumasa *Sakai… …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Ienari — Tokugawa Ienari; 徳川 家斉 (November 18, 1773 ndash;March 22, 1841) was the eleventh shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan who held office from 1786 to 1837. Family lifeFirst wifeIn 1776, the four year old Hitosubash Toyochiyo, a minor figure in… …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Ieshige — Tokugawa Ieshige; 徳川 家重 (January 28, 1712 ndash; July 13, 1761) was the ninth shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. The first son of Tokugawa Yoshimune, his mother was the daughter of Okubo Tadanao, known as Osuma no kata. His childhood name …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa — Tokugawa: Clan militar que estuvo al poder en Japón entre 1603 y 1868. Su iniciador fue Ieyasu Tokugawa (1543 1616). Ostentaban el título de Shogun, esto es, General en Jefe de las fuerzas armadas del Imperio Nipón. Se hizo con el poder tras… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tokugawa — may refer to:*Tokugawa clan, a powerful family of Japan *Tokugawa shogunate, a feudal regime of Japan *Tokugawa period, aka Edo period, an era in Japanese historyee also*Tokugawa (surname) …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Munetake — (徳川宗武; January 21, 1716 July 15, 1771) was a Japanese samurai of the mid Edo period, also known as Tayasu Munetake (田安宗武). The first head of the Tayasu branch of the Tokugawa clan, he held daimyo level income, but was not a daimyo himself,… …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Munefusa — (徳川宗英 1929 ) is the present head of the Tayasu branch of the Tokugawa clan. Now retired, he is the author of several books about his family …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Ieyasu — In this Japanese name, the family name is Tokugawa . Tokugawa Ieyasu 徳川家康 1st Tokugawa shogun In office 1603–16 …   Wikipedia

  • Clan Tokugawa — Mon (emblema) del clan Tokugawa. El clan Tokugawa (Kyujitai: 德川氏, Shinjitai: 徳川氏, Tokugawa shi …   Wikipedia Español


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