Froissart's Chronicles

Froissart's Chronicles
The execution of Hugh the younger Despenser, A miniature from one of the most famous manuscripts of the Chronicles.

Froissart's Chronicles was written in French by Jean Froissart. It covers the years 1322 until 1400 and describes the conditions that created the Hundred Years' War and the first fifty years of the conflict. For centuries it has been recognized as the chief expression of the chivalric revival of fourteenth-century England and France.

Contents

Inspiration and creation of Froissart's Chronicles

Jean Froissart was an eye-witness to the events of the Siege of Paris. Although it seems Froissart never saw battle, he did visit Sluys in 1386 to see the preparations for an invasion of England. The invasion was ultimately aborted. However, he was present at other significant events such as the baptism of Richard II.

Froissart first wrote a rhyming chronicle for Philippa of Hainault that is now lost. He began Book I of the surviving chronicle in 1369 at the insistence of Robert de Namur. He finished it in 1373; his own experiences, combined with those of interviewed witnesses, supply much of the detail.


The other important source for the early part of the chronicle was the Vrayes Chroniques of Jean Le Bel, of which Froissart directly copied large parts. Le Bel wrote his chronicle for Jean, lord of Beaumont; and Jean's grandson, Guy II, Count of Blois. He later became the patron of Book II of Froissart's Chronicles. This second volume of Froissart's Chronicles was completed in 1388 and is entirely Froissart's work. Book III was completed in 1390 and Book IV in 1400.

Historical events included in the Chronicles

The Battle of Sluys in the Gruuthuse MS.

Some of the important events recorded in Froissart's Chronicles:

Book I 1322–1377

Book II 1376–1385

Book III 1386–1388

Book IV 1389–1400

Modern reception and criticisms

Froissart's work is perceived as being of vital importance to modern understanding of 14th century events. However, modern historians also recognize that his Chronicles betray many shortcomings: erroneous dates, misplaced geography, inaccurate estimations of casualties, and biases in favor of his patrons. He also omits information about the common people of the time. Sir Walter Scott once remarked that Froissart had "marvelous little sympathy" for the "villain churls."

The Chronicles are almost 3 million words long, yet few complete editions are published. Froissart is often repetitive or covers insignificant subjects. Nevertheless, his battle descriptions are lively and engaging; he provides a wealth of information for the social historian. Enguerrand de Monstrelet continued the chronicle to 1440.

The text of Froissart's Chronicles is preserved in more than 100 manuscripts which are illustrated by a variety of miniaturists. One of the most lavishly illuminated copies was commissioned by Louis of Gruuthuse, a Flemish nobleman, in the 1470s. The four volumes of this copy (BNF, Fr 2643-6) contain 112 miniatures painted by the best Brugeois artists of the day. Among them is Loiset Lyédet, to whom the miniatures in the first two volumes are attributed. The illustrations here come from this copy.

External links and literature


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Froissart, Jean — (ca. 1337–ca. 1404)    Jean Froissart was a courtier and poet in the tradition of Guillaume de MACHAUT, but is best known as perhaps the most important prose writer in 14th century Europe.His Chroniques, or Chronicles, present a vivid and… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Froissart, Jean — born 1333?, Valenciennes, Brabant died 1400/01, Chimay, Hainaut French court historian and poet. As a scholar Froissart traveled widely and lived among the nobility of several European courts. His Chronicles, a firsthand narrative covering the… …   Universalium

  • Froissart of Louis of Gruuthuse (BnF Fr 2643-6) — The Froissart of Louis of Gruuthuse (BnF Fr 2643 6) is a heavily illustrated deluxe illuminated manuscript in four volumes, containing a French text of Froissart s Chronicles.The text of Froissart s Chronicles is preserved in more than 100… …   Wikipedia

  • Froissart, Jean — (c.1335–c.1405)    Historian.    Froissart was born in Valenciennes, France, but at an early age visited the English court. Queen Philippa, wife of King Edward III, was his patron and with her encouragement he travelled throughout Europe… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Chronicles of Engeurrand de Monstrelet — Similar in many respects to Froissart s chronicles, Monstrelet s work, clearly in the same tradition and bearing the same pitfalls, he chronicles the struggle between the Dukes of Orleans and the Dukes of Burgundy from 1400 1485, in the process… …   Medieval glossary

  • Froissart Overture (Elgar) — Froissart, Op 19, is a concert overture by Edward Elgar, inspired by the 14th century chronicles of Jean Froissart, to which Elgar had been attracted through mention of them in Walter Scott s Old Mortality . [Kennedy CD note] History Froissart… …   Wikipedia

  • Froissart — Chronicles de See Chronicles of Froissart …   Medieval glossary

  • Chronicles —    by Jean Froissart (1369–1404)    The most important work of French prose from the 14th century, Jean Froissart’s Chroniques (“Chronicles”) provide a vivid account in four books of roughly the first half of the Hundred Years’War between England …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Chronicles of Froissart — The historical memoirs of Froissart detailing the diplomatic, military and chivalric affairs of England, France and Spain during the Hundred Years War, chiefly from 1320 1400. Froissart was widely traveled, but the Chroniques are of dubious… …   Medieval glossary

  • FROISSART, JEAN —    a French chronicler and poet, born at Valenciennes; visited England in the reign of Edward III., at whose Court, and particularly with the Queen, he became a great favourite for his tales of chivalry, and whence he was sent to Scotland to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»