- Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina
subdivision_type = Country
Bosnia and Herzegovina
area_total_km2 = 492|population_blank1 = 6900|population_blank1_title=Municipality
population_total = 30,000
area_code = 57
Slobodan Savić(SDS) [http://www.izbori.ba/documents/Rezultati%20izbora%202004/Utvrdjeni/2004NacelniciRS.pdf]
Cyrillic: Пале) is a town and a municipalityin Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, located southeast of Bosnia's capital Sarajevo. The municipality of Pale is one of the municipalities of the City of Istočno Sarajevo.
Pale was known as the capital of
Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovinaduring the Bosnian war, as the Constitution of Republika Srpskasets out that Sarajevois the capital of Republika Srpskawhich was recognized as an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovinaby the Dayton Peace Agreement. The capital has now transferred to Banja Luka.
Prior to the
Dayton Peace Accord, Pale was a remote suburb of Sarajevo; following the population redistribution on the basis of ethnicity in Bosnia during and after the Bosnian War, it began to more closely resemble a proper town, which it does, today.
* Serbs - 11.230 (69,66)
* Muslims - 4.508 (27,96)
* Croats - 142 (0,88)
* Yugoslavs - 80 (0,49)
* Others - 159 (1,01)
In the census of 1991, the Municipality of Pale had 16,310 residents, including:
Serbs(See: Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Muslims by nationality(Bosniaks)
Croats(See: Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
The town of Pale itself had a population of 6,797, including:
*1,438 Muslims by nationality (Bosniaks)
The pre-war Bosniak part of the Pale municipality known as
Pale-Pračais now in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina(the Bosnian Podrinje Canton).
Today there are about 30,000 inhabitants in Pale, many of them
Bosnian Serbsthat moved from Sarajevo.
Name and geography
Pale is additionally referred to by its Serb inhabitants, and in fact by many of the inhabitants of the
Republika Srpska( Serb Republic), as ' Srpsko Sarajevo', or ' Serb Sarajevo'. However, the distance of about convert|10|km|mi|0|abbr=on separates the borders of the actual city of Sarajevo and Pale itself. Pale continues to be referred to as Serb Sarajevo due to the fact that, after the Dayton Peace Accords, Sarajevo-proper was designated as belonging to the Muslim-Croat Federation, but Bosnian Serbs, having lived in Sarajevo for generations themselves, wanted to retain some claim to their city. As a result, in an attempt to echo belonging to Sarajevo, and stake some claim to it, Pale, the closest Serb settlement to Sarajevo (within the Serb Republic), became known as and referred to as Serb Sarajevo, albeit with a hint of sarcasm by many people, without regard to their ethnicity. The town is, in reality, removed geographically from the city of Sarajevo and shares no metropolitan features with the city itself. It is home to its own post office, University buildings, etc.
* [http://www.pale.rs.ba/ Official Website]
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