- Xi Jinping
name = Xi Jinping
imagesize = 180px
caption = Official portrait of Xi.
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
March 15, 2008
order2 = 15th CPC Shanghai Committee Secretary
March 15, 2007
October 27, 2007
birth_date = birth date and age|1953|6|1
birth_place = flagicon|China
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Communist Party of China
Xi Jinping (zh-stp|s=习近平|t=習近平|p=Xí Jìnpíng;
POJ: Sip Kin-ping, born 1953) is a senior leader of the People's Republic of China. He currently serves as the country's Vice-President, the top-ranking member of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China, Principal of the Central Party School, and the 6th ranked member of the Politburo Standing Committee, China's "de facto" top power organ.
Xi served mostly in
Fujianprovince in his early career, and was later appointed party chief of the neighbor Zhejiangprovince, and then was appointed as Shanghai's party chief following the dismissal of Chen Liangyu. Known for his liberal policies, tough stance on corruption, and a frank openness about political and market economy reforms [ [http://www.newsweek.com/id/81558/page/2 Newsweek:Xi Jinping: China’s New Boss And The ‘L’ Word] ] , his combination of positions makes Xi the heir presumptive to current Chinese paramount leader Hu Jintaoand the emerging leader of the People's Republic of China's "fifth generation of leadership".
Xi Jinping was born in June
1953in Beijing, and is by Chinese convention, a native of Fuping County, Shaanxi, his ancestral home. He is the youngest son of Xi Zhongxun, one of the founders of the Communist guerrilla movement in ShaanxiProvince in northern China and former Vice-Premier. At the time his father served as the head of the Communist Party's propaganda department, and later Vice-Chairman of the National People's Congress. At age 10, during the Cultural Revolution, Xi's father was purged and was sent to work in a factory in Luoyang, and jailed in 1968. Without the protection of his father, Xi went to work in Yanchuan County, Shaanxi, in 1969in Mao Zedong's Socialist Re-education movement. He later became the Party branch Secretary of the production team. When he left in 1975, he was only 22 years old. When asked about this experience later by state television, Xi recalled it saying, "...it was emotional. It was a mood. And when the ideals of the Cultural Revolution could not be realised, it proved an illusion...". [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2007/oct/26/china.uknews4 Most corrupt officials are from poor families but Chinese royals have a spirit that is not dominated by money: The Guardian. Retrieved June 11 2008] ]
From 1975 to 1979 during
Cultural Revolution, Xi studied Chemical Engineering at Beijing's prestigious Tsinghua University. From 1979 to 1982 he worked for his father's former subordinate Geng Biao in the General Office of the Central Military Commission (as an officer in active service) gained some military background.
Rising Through the Ranks
Xi joined the
Communist Youth Leaguein 1971 and the Communist Party of Chinain 1974. In 1982he was sent to Zhengding Countyin Hebeias its party secretary. Xi subsequently served in four provinces during his political career: Shaanxi, Hebei, Fujian and Zhejiang. The younger Xi has won his spurs as the governor of Fujian, since 2000, where he made efforts to attract investment from Taiwanand to boost free market economy. His career in Zhejiang was marked by tough and straightforward stance against corrupt officials, which earned him a name on the national media and drew attention from China's top leaders.
Xi held Party positions in the CPC
FuzhouMunicipal Committee, and became the president of the Party School in Fuzhou in 1990. In 1999 he was promoted to the Deputy Governor of Fujianprovince, then Governor a year later. In 2002 he took up senior government and Party positions in ZhejiangProvince, as the party chief. Xi was in turn made an alternate member of the 15th CPC Central Committeeand holds the membership of the 16th CPC Central Committee, signaling his involvement nationally. While in Zhejiang, one of China's most affluent provinces, a center for the success of China's economic development, Xi provided the economic environment which secured growth rates averaging 14% per year. After the dismissal of Chen Liangyuin September 2006 due to a social security fund scandal, Xi was "airlifted" into the city as the next Party Chief of Shanghaiin March 2007. During his regional tenures Xi was never implicated in any serious scandals, nor did he face serious political opposition. While in Shanghai he was careful not to touch any controversial issues while largely echoing the line of the central leadership.
Elevation and Potential
Xi's appointment to the Party Secretary post in Shanghai, which is arguably the most important regional leadership position in China, was seen as a sign of confidence and affirmation from President
Hu Jintao. It was seen as a stepping stone for Xi to become an emerging member of the fifth generation of Chinese leadership, a result that was solidified by his appointment as a member of the Politburo Standing Committeeat the 17th Party Congressin October 2007. Interestingly, Xi was ranked above Li Keqiang, which made him the most likely candidate for China's next core figure - the paramount leader. This assessment was further supported at the 11th National People's Congress, Xi was elected as Vice-President on March 15 2008. [ [http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2008npc/2008-03/15/content_6539302.htm "Hu Jintao reelected Chinese president"] , Xinhua ("China Daily"), March 15, 2008.] Some suggest this was because Xi had kept friendly relations with both Hu Jintaoand the other power figure in the central leadership, Zeng Qinghong.
He was put in charge of the preparations for the
2008 Summer Olympicsin Beijing. In the wake of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake, Xi went and visited disaster areas in Shaanxiand Gansu.
Xi is considered to be the most successful of "princelings" of Chinese revolutionaries. Senior leaders consider Xi to be an emerging figure, open to serious dialogue about deep-seated market economic reforms and even political reform.Fact|date=August 2007 He is generally popular with foreign dignitaries, who are intrigued by his openness and pragmatism.
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulsonregards Xi as a rising political star,Fact|date=July 2008 calling Xi "the kind of guy who knows how to get things over the goal line." [ [http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=aDpLoVnlKn6E&refer=home Bloomberg:China Appoints Xi Vice President, Heir Apparent to Hu. Retrieved June 11, 2008] ]
Xi married famous Chinese folk singer
Peng Liyuan(彭丽媛) in 1987. Peng Liyuan, a household name in China, was a lot more known to the public than Xi until his political elevation. The couple frequently live apart due to their largely separate lives. They are sometimes considered China's emerging star political couple. They have a daughter named Xi Mingze, nicknamed Xiao Muzi.
* [http://www.chinavitae.com/biography_display.php?id=303 Biography at www.chinavitae.com]
* [http://a-louie.com/content/view/46/2/ A Louie & Associates Articles - President Hu's Top 4 Aides (2007)]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Jinping — bezeichnet: den Autonomen Kreis Jinping der Miao, Yao und Dai (金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县) des Autonomen Bezirks Honghe in der chinesischen Provinz Yunnan, siehe Jinping (Honghe); den Kreis Jinping (锦屏县) des Autonomen Bezirks Qiandongnan in der chinesischen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jinping I — Bild gesucht BW … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jinping 1 Hydropower Station — (Jinping 1st cascade or Jinping No.1 hydraulic power station) is a large hydroelectic power generation project on the Yalong River (Yalong Jjiang) in Sichuan, China. It is currently under construction.PurposeThe project s objective is to supply… … Wikipedia
Jinping — may refer to:*Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County in Honghe, Yunnan, China *Jinping 1 Hydropower Station *Jinping 2 Hydropower Station *Jinping Road (Shanghai Metro) *Jinping District, in Shantou, Guangdong, China … Wikipedia
Jinping Hydropower Station — may refer to:*Jinping 1 Hydropower Station, in China *Jinping 2 Hydropower Station, in China … Wikipedia
Jinping 2 Hydropower Station — (Chinese: 锦屏二级水电站) is a large dam under construction on the Yalong River, a tributary of the Yangtze River in Sichuan Province Southwest of China. It will have 8 generators, each with generating capacity of 600 MW. The total generating capacity… … Wikipedia
Jinping Road (Shanghai Metro) — Jinping Road is a metro station in the city of Shanghai.This station is part of Line 5.Shanghai Metro line5=yes … Wikipedia
Jinping — 1 Original name in latin Jinping Name in other language Ch ung hsin, Ch ung hsin hsien, Changsin, Chongxin, Chongxin Xian, Chunsin , Chunsin’, Ch’ung hsin, Ch’ung hsin hsien, Jinbing, Jinping, Tsungsin, chong xin xian, jin ping State code CN… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Jinping (Shantou) — Lage des Stadtbezirks Jinping im Gebiet der bezirksfreien Stadt Shantou 1 Jinping Haojiang … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jinping (Honghe) — Der Autonome Kreis Jinping der Miao, Yao und Dai (金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县 Jīnpíng Miáozú Yáozú Dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn ), kurz: Kreis Jinping (金平县) ist ein autonomer Kreis der Miao, Yao und Dai des Autonomen Bezirks Honghe der Hani und Yi in der chinesischen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jinping — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le xian de Jinping (锦屏) est une subdivision administrative de la province du Guizhou en Chine ; Le xian autonome miao, yao et dai de Jinping (金平) est … Wikipédia en Français