Gwisil Clan


Gwisil Clan

The Gwisil Clan (Kwi-sil; 鬼室, Japanese: Kishitsu) were descendants of the Kings of Baekje and were very influential towards the end of the kingdom.

In 660, Baekje was attacked by the allied armies of Silla and Tang Dynasty China. The capital, Sabi, was taken, but Boksin resisted near modern-day Yesan. After King Uija's surrender to Tang, Boksin and the monk Dochim kindled a restoration movement. They sent for the prince Buyeo Pung, who had been living as a hostage in Yamato period Japan, an important Baekje ally. With some Japanese aid, they gathered the remnants of the Baekje army and launched a series of attacks on the Silla-Tang forces.

In 663, Silla and Tang counterattacked, and besieged the restoration movement at a fortress known as Juryu Castle (주류성/周留城). At this point Boksin appears to have betrayed the restoration movement. He had Dochim killed and sought to slay Prince Pung as well. However, Pung killed him first, and fled to Goguryeo. The restoration movement was destroyed shortly thereafter at the Battle of Baekgang. [Hong, Wontack. (1994). "Paekche of Korea and the Origin of Yamato Japan". Seoul: Kudara International.]

Members of the Gwisil Clan

*Gwisil ????? (鬼室貞仁) - Father of Boksin.
*Gwisil Boksin (鬼室福信) (?-663) - A famous general who tried to save Baekje.
*Gwisil ????? (鬼室集信) - Would be read as Kishitsu Shushin in Japanese. Older brother of Jipsa.
*Gwisil Jipsa (鬼室集斯) - Moved to Japan after the fall of Baekje and became head of the department of education.

Notes

References

* Hong, Wontack. (1994). "Paekche of Korea and the Origin of Yamato Japan". Seoul: Kudara International.
* http://gias.snu.ac.kr/wthong/publication/paekche/eng/hi3-3.pdf
* http://gias.snu.ac.kr/wthong/publication/paekche/eng/hi2-3.pdf
* http://gias.snu.ac.kr/wthong/publication/paekche/eng/hi3-4.pdf

ee also

*History of Korea
*List of Korea-related topics
*Three Kingdoms of Korea


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  • Gwisil Boksin — (? 663) was a military leader of the Korean kingdom of Baekje. He is remembered primarily as a leader of a movement for the restoration of Baekje after the kingdom fell in 660. He was a distant cousin of King Uija, Baekje s last recognized king.… …   Wikipedia