John James Richard Macleod


John James Richard Macleod

Infobox Scientist
name = John James Richard Macleod
birth_date = September 6, 1876
birth_place = Perth and Kinross, Scotland
death_date = death date and age|1935|03|16|1876|09|06
death_place = Aberdeen, Scotland
citizenship = United Kingdom
field = Medicine
work_institutions =
alma_mater =University of Aberdeen
known_for = Co-discover of insulin
prizes = Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1923)

John James Richard Macleod (September 6, 1876 – March 16, 1935) was a Scottish physician, physiologist, and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Biography

Macleod was born at Clunie, Perth and Kinross, Scotland. He was the son of the Rev. Robert Macleod.

During 1898 he received his medical degree from University of Aberdeen and went to work for a year at the University of Leipzig. During 1899 he was appointed Demonstrator of Physiology at the London Hospital Medical School and in 1902 he was appointed Lecturer in Biochemistry at the school. During 1903 he was appointed Professor of Physiology at the Western Reserve University at Cleveland, Ohio. During 1918 he was elected Professor of Physiology at the University of Toronto, Canada.

Macleod's main work was on carbohydrate metabolism and his efforts with Frederick Banting and Charles Best in the discovery of insulin used to treat diabetes. For this Banting and Macleod were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1923. Macleod was awarded half of the Nobel Prize for the discovery of insulin, even though many people (including Banting) publicly insisted that Macleod's involvement was minimal and Best's work had been essential. However, it was MacCleod's research plan and his suggestion to inject intravenous degenerated pancreas into depancreatinized dog sugar that ultimately led to the successful isolation of insulin. There is currently a controversy regarding the role of Banting and Best in attempting to 'write out' Macleod and his colleague J.P. Collip from the history books. Macleod's receiving the Nobel Prize over Best was controversial at the time (see Nobel Prize controversies).He wrote eleven books, including "Recent Advances in Physiology" (1905); "Diabetes: its Pathological Physiology" (1925); and "Carbohydrate Metabolism and Insulin". (1926)

Macleod shared his Nobel award money with J.P.Collip.

The auditorium of the Medical Science Building at University of Toronto is named after J.J.R. Macleod. In 2005 Diabetes UK named its offices in London in honour of J.J.R. Macleod.

ee also

* Frederick Banting
* Insulin
* Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* Nicolae Paulescu

References

*cite journal | last=Raju | first=Tonse N K | authorlink=| year=2006 | month=Oct | title=A mysterious something: the discovery of insulin and the 1923 Nobel Prize for Frederick G. Banting (1891-1941) and John J.R. Macleod (1876-1935) | journal=Acta Paediatr. | volume=95 | issue=10 | pages=1155–6| location= | pmid=16982482 | doi=10.1080/08035250600930328
*cite journal | last=Shampo | first=Marc A | authorlink=| coauthors=Kyle Robert A | year=2006 | month=Aug | title=John J. R. Macleod: Nobel prize for discovery of insulin | journal=Mayo Clin. Proc. | volume=81 | issue=8 | pages=1006 | pmid=16901021

External links

* [http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1923/macleod-bio.html John Macleod – Biography]
* [http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1923/macleod-lecture.html John Macleod – Nobel Lecture, May 26, 1925]


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  • John James Richard Macleod — (* 6. September 1876 in Cluny bei Dunkeld, Perthshire, Schottland; † 16. März 1935 in Aberdeen, Schottland) war ein schottisch kanadischer Physiologe. John Macleod studierte Medizin an der Universität Aberdeen und schloss sein Studium mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John James Richard Macleod — John James Richard Macleod. John James Richard Macleod (n. Clunie, Escocia, 6 de septiembre de 1876 † Aberdeen, Escocia, 16 de marzo de 1935). Médico británico. Obtuvo la licenciatura en Medicina en la U …   Wikipedia Español

  • John James Richard Macleod — (n. Cluny, Gran Bretaña, 6 de septiembre de 1876 † Aberdeen, 16 de marzo de 1935). Médico inglés. Obtuvo la licenciatura en Medicina en la Universidad de Aberdeen en 1898. En 1900 y tras obtener una plaza de profesor de Fisiología en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John James Richard Macleod — Portrait de John James Richard Macleod vers 1928. John James Richard Macleod (6 septembre 1876 à Cluny dans le Perthshire, Angleterre 16 mars 1935) était un scientifique britannique colauréat avec Frede …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1923: Frederick Grant Banting — John James Richard Macleod —   Der kanadische Mediziner Banting und der aus Schottland stammende Physiologe Macleod erhielten den Nobelpreis für die Entdeckung des Insulins.    Biografien   Sir (seit 1934) Frederick Grant Banting, * Alliston (Kanada) 14. 11. 1891, ✝… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • John Macleod — John James Richard Macleod (* 6. September 1876 in Cluny bei Dunkeld, Perthshire, Schottland; † 16. März 1935 in Aberdeen, Schottland) war ein schottisch kanadischer Physiologe. John Macleod studierte Medizin an der Universität Aberdeen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Macleod — John James Richard Macleod John James Richard Macleod (6 septembre 1876 16 mars 1935) était un scientifique britannique lauréat du prix Nobel de médecine. Biographie Macleod est né à Cluny dans le Perthshire. Il était le fils… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MacLeod — (alternative Schreibweise: MacLeod) ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Charlotte MacLeod (1922–2005), kanadische Schriftstellerin Colin MacLeod (1909–1972), kanadischer Genetiker Fiona Macleod, Pseudonym des schottischen Schriftstellers… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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