25th Fighter Squadron


25th Fighter Squadron

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 25th Fighter Squadron


caption= 25th Fighter Squadron Patch
dates= 15 January 1941 - 12 December 1945
15 October 1946 - 8 June 1960
20 June 1965 - 31 July 1990
1 October 1993 - Present
country= United States
allegiance=
branch=United States Air Force
type= Fighter
role=
size=
command_structure= Pacific Air Forces
7th Air Force
51st Fighter Wing
51st Operations Group
current_commander=
garrison= Osan Air Base
ceremonial_chief=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
nickname=
patron=
motto=
colors=
march=
mascot=
battles=
notable_commanders=
anniversaries=
decorations=
battle_honours=

The 25th Fighter Squadron (25 FS) is part of the 51st Fighter Wing at Osan Air Base, South Korea. It operates the A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft conducting close air support missions.

Mission

History

The 25th Fighter Squadron began was originally created as the 25th Pursuit Squadron and activated at Hamilton Field, California, on 15 January 1941. By March it was assigned to the 51st Pursuit Group at March Field, California. In July the squadron received P-40 Warhawk aircraft. [http://www.osan.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=6908 25 FS Fact Sheet] ]

The 25th sailed to combat operations in the Pacific Theater aboard the SS President Coolidge on 11 January 1942. The squadron was part of the first deployment of U.S. forces leaving the mainland after the declaration of war. The journey to Melbourne, Australia, took 20 days. By late March the 25th Pursuit Squadron had arrived in Karachi, India, and set up wartime operations.

The 25th flew its first aerial combat mission over "The Hump" on 25 September 1942, flying a combat escort mission. After the squadron moved to Dinjan in Assam, India, combat activity increased. It was there that the 25th picked up the name "Assam Draggins."

Operations from Dinjan were concentrated against the Japanese in northern Burma along the upper Chindwin and Irrawaddy Rivers. In February 1943 the 25th Fighter Squadron was tasked to defend Fort Hertz near Myitkyina. Fort Hertz was a vital cog in air operations near "The Hump." The 25th bombed and strafed enemy troops, concentrations, supply dumps, bridges, and enemy communication lines for twelve consecutive days, but failed to slow the Japanese advance on Fort Hertz. B-25 heavy bombers were needed to halt the Japan's drive, but none were available. Lieutenant Colonel John E. Barr, the executive officer for the 51st Fighter Group, modified a P-40 to carry 1,000 pound bombs, and by May 1943, the Japanese offensive had been halted .

The 25th Fighter Squadron encountered more combat activity than any other unit within the 51st Fighter Group during the war. The squadron returned to the United States and was inactivated on 12 December 1945. On 15 October 1945, the 25th was re-activated at Naha Air Base, Okinawa, where the squadron was assigned P-47 Thunderbolt and P-80 Shooting Star aircraft. As part of the occupation force, the 25th provided defense for the Ryukyu Islands.

The 25th was placed on alert when hostilities erupted in Korea in June 1950. The unit was reassigned to Itazuke Air Base, Japan, in September, and to Kimpo Air Base, Korea, by October. The Chinese counter offensive in December forced a safe retreat of U.N. forces. The 25th flew more than 21 sorties each day that month to save the 2nd Infantry Division, which had been cut off by the enemy near Kunupre, from being overrun. Air cover was officially credited with preventing disastrous losses to the division.

On 20 November 1951, squadron pilots received their new F-86 Sabre aircraft and went to face the Chinese, North Korean, and Soviet pilots in their MiG-15 aircraft. Major William T. Whisner Jr. got his fifth MiG kill on 23 February 1952, becoming an Ace.

When the 51st Group adopted a checkered design for its F-86 tail markings, it also received the designation "Checkertails". The red squadron colors appeared in the design. Thus, the Assam Draggins of World War II became known as the "Checkertails" of the Korean War.

After the war, the 25th was assigned to the 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing at Naha Air Base, Okinawa. While there, the pilots were deployed for one week at a time to Kadena Air Base, Okinawa. From 1960-1965, the 25th Fighter Squadron remained in a state of suspended animation with virtually no mission and only 20 percent manning. On 17 June, 1965, the unit was re-designated the 25th Tactical Fighter Squadron and assigned to the 33d Tactical Fighter Wing at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.

On 31 May, 1968, the 25th was assigned to the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing and stationed at Ubon and Udorn Royal Thai Air Force Bases, Thailand, once again seeing combat in the skies of Vietnam. Flying F-4 Phantom II aircraft, the 25th received the Presidential Unit Citation (1971), the Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm (1967-1973), and five Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards (1967-1973).

When the Air Force began its withdrawal from Thailand, the 25th was reassigned the 18th Tactical Fighter Wing at Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, where it remained until 1 February 1981. On that date, the 25th was relocated without personnel or equipment to Suwon Air Base, Republic of Korea, and assigned to the 51st Composite Wing (Tactical).

On 28 January 1982, the 25th received its first A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft. The squadron's presence helped maintain a peaceful armistice between North and South Korea until 2 October 1989. It was during that time that the 25th began transferring aircraft to the 19th Tactical Air Support Squadron and other stateside units and inactivated on 1 July 1990. On 1 October 1993, the 25th Fighter Squadron was activated under the 51st Wing at Osan Air Base, Republic of Korea, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Syd McPherson. It has since added six A-10 aircraft to its fleet, making it a dual qualified A/OA-10 squadron.


=Operations [http://afhra.maxwell.af.mil/rso/squadrons_flights_pages/0025fs.html AFHRA 25 FS Page] ] =

*World War II
*Korean War
*Vietnam War


=Lineage=

*25th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) (1940 - 1941)
*25th Pursuit Squadron (Fighter) (1941 - 1942)
*25th Fighter Squadron (Twin Engine) (1942)
*25th Fighter Squadron (1942 - 1944)
*25th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine (1944 - 1947)
*25th Fighter Squadron, Jet Propelled (1947 - 1948)
*25th Fighter Squadron, Jet (1948 - 1950)
*25th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (1950 - 1965)
*25th Tactical Fighter Squadron (1965 - 1993)
*25th Fighter Squadron (1993 - Present)


=Assignments=

*51st Fighter Group (1941 - 1945)
*51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing (1946 - 1960)
*Tactical Air Command (1965)
*33d Tactical Fighter Wing (1965 - 1968)
*8th Tactical Fighter Wing (1968 - 1974)
*432d Tactical Fighter Wing (1974 - 1975)
*3d Tactical Fighter Wing (1975)
*18th Tactical Fighter Wing (1975 - 1981)
*51st Fighter Wing (1981 - 1990, 1993 - Present)


=Bases stationed=

*Hamilton Field, California (1941)
*March Field, California (1941 - 1942)
*Karachi, India (1942)
*Dinjan, India (1942 - 1943)
*Yunnani, China (1943 - 1945)
*Loping, China (1945)
*Fort Lewis, Washington (1945)
*Yontan Air Base, Okinawa (1946 - 1947)
*Naha Air Base, Okinawa (1947 - 1950)
*Itazuke Air Base, Japan (1950)
*Kimpo Air Base, South Korea (1950 - 1951)
*Itazuke Air Base, Japan (1951)
*Tsuiki Air Base, Japan (1951)
*Suwon Air Base, South Korea (1951 - 1954)
*Naha Air Base, Okinawa (1954 - 1960)
*Eglin Air Force Base, Florida (1965 - 1968)
*Ubon Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand (1968 - 1974)
*Udorn Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand (1974 - 1975)
*Clark Air Base, Philippines (1975)
*Kadena Air Base, Japan (1975 - 1981)
*Suwon Air Base, South Korea (1981 - 1989)
*Osan Air Base, South Korea (1989 - 1990, 1993 - Present)


=Aircraft Operated=

*P-40 Warhawk (1941 - 1945)
*P-38 Lightning (1944)
*P-51 Mustang (1944 - 1945)
*P-47 Thunderbolt (1946 - 1947)
*F-80 Shooting Star (1947 - 1951)
*F-86 Sabre (1951 - 1960)
*F-4 Phantom II (1965 - 1980)
*A-10 Thunderbolt II (1982 - 1989, 1993 - Present)

References

Notes

Bibliography

* [http://afhra.maxwell.af.mil/rso/squadrons_flights_pages/0025fs.html 25th Fighter Squadron History]
* [http://www.osan.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=6908 25th Fighter Squadron Fact Sheet]

ee also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 25th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 25th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing caption=25th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing patch dates= 1940 45, 1965 1966 country= United States allegiance= branch= United States Air Force type= role= size= command structure=… …   Wikipedia

  • 51st Fighter Wing — Infobox Military Unit unit name=51st Fighter Wing caption= dates= 15 January 1941 present country=United States allegiance= branch=Air Force type= role= size= command structure=Pacific Air Forces current commander= garrison=Osan Air Base South… …   Wikipedia

  • 8th Fighter Wing — Infobox Military Unit unit name=8th Fighter Wing caption= dates= 10 August 1948 Present country=United States allegiance= branch=Air Force type= role= size= command structure=Pacific Air Forces current commander=Colonel Charles Q. Brown, Jr.… …   Wikipedia

  • 325th Fighter Wing — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 325th Fighter Wing caption= dates= 24 June 1942 present country=United States allegiance= branch=Air Force type= role= size= command structure=Air Education and Training Command current commander=Brigadier General …   Wikipedia

  • 33d Fighter Wing — Infobox Military Unit unit name=33d Fighter Wing caption= dates= 20 November 1940 present country=United States allegiance= branch=Air Force type= role= size= command structure=Air Combat Command current commander=Colonel Todd P. Harmer… …   Wikipedia

  • No. 425 Squadron RCAF — Articleissues cleanup = September 2008 notability = September 2008 unreferenced = September 2008No. 425 Squadron RCAF (now 425 Tactical Fighter Squadron Canadian Armed Forces), also known as Alouette ( French – Skylark) Squadron, is a unit flying …   Wikipedia

  • 64th Aggressor Squadron — Branche United States Air Force Rôle Entrainement Garnison Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 603rd Air Control Squadron — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 603rd Air Control Squadron country= United States branch=United States Air Force type= Enabler Unit command structure= United States Air Forces in Europe 3d Air Force 31st Fighter Wing 31st Operations Group… …   Wikipedia

  • 19th Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 19th Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron caption= 19th Tactical Reconnasance Squadron Emblem dates= 1942 1970 country= United States allegiance= branch= United States Air Force type= role= size= command structure …   Wikipedia

  • 689th Radar Squadron — The US Air Force s 689th Radar Squadron was a vital air defense unit during the Cold War. [Searching The Skies The Legacy of the United States Cold War Defense Radar Program USAF Air Combat Command, June 1997. Contact: HQ ACC CEVP, 129 Andrews St …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.