- 3rd Mechanised Corps (Soviet Union)
The 3rd Mechanised Corps was a formation of the Red Army, now a part of the
Russian Ground Forcesas the 20th Motor Rifle Division.
The Corps was first formed before World War II, and on 22 June 1941 was stationed at
Vilniusin the Baltic Military Districtunder MG A.V. Kurkin. It consisted of 2 Tank Division, 5 Tank Division, 84 Motorised Division, 15 Motorcycle Regiment, an Artillery Regiment, and engineer and signals battalions. [www.orbat.com/Niehorster] On June 22 the 2nd Tank Division was located in the forest in Gajzhuny, in the Ionava area, the 5th Tank Division was positioned to defend the Neman bridge near Alitus, and the 84th Motorised Division - was in forest in the Kajshadoris area. [Boyevoye Doneseniye No.1, HQ North-western Front, July 2, 1941, 24:00// Sbornik boyevykh dokumentov vol. 34, Moscow, Voyennoye Izdatelstvo Ministerstva Oborony, 1958, via http://rkkaww2.armchairgeneral.com/formation/mechcorps/3mk.htm]
It was heavily engaged in the first battles of
Operation Barbarossa, particularly at the Battle of Raseiniai, and by early July had virtually ceased to exist as a formation, though remnants rejoined Soviet lines later. For example, the 5th Tank Division was at Yelnyaby July 4, 1941 and consisted of 2,552 men and a total of 2 BT-7tanks and four armoured cars. [E. Drig, "Mekhanizirovannye korpusa RKKA v boyu", AST, Moscow, 2005 cited in http://rkkaww2.armchairgeneral.com/formation/mechcorps/3mk.htm]
The Corps was formed for the second time on 18 September 1942 at
Kalininin the Moscow Military District. General Lieutenant M.E. Katukov took command. It was initially assigned to the 22nd Army of the Kalinin Front. It took part in Operation Marsalongside the 22nd Army. Hamazasp Babadzhanian, who commanded the 3rd Mechanised Brigade of the corps, mentioned this operation briefly in his memoirs, quoting a conversation with 22nd Army commander, V. A. Iushkevich, who said, “We will conduct a rather serious offensive together with Western Front forces—we must liquidate the enemy Rzhev grouping.” [David Glantz in Keith E. Bonn, Slaughterhouse: the Handbook of the Eastern Front, Aberjona Press, Bedford, PA, 2005]
The Corps then fought in the
Battle of Kursk, then fought across the Ukraine with the Central, Belorussian, and 1st Belorussian Fronts. On 23 October 1943 it was awarded ‘Guards’ status and re-designated the 8th Guards Mechanised Corps. In 1944 it took part in the Zhitomir-Berdichev, Korsun-Shevchenkovsky, Proskurov-Chernovits, and Lvov-Sandomir battles, in April gaining the 'Carpathian' honorific. It ended the war in Berlin after participating in the Warsaw-Poznan and East Pomeranian offensives. As part of the occupation forces, it was assigned to the 1st Guards Tank Army (later 1st Guards Mechanised Army).
In the immediate post-war period, the Corps was reorganised as the 8th Guards Mechanised Division. In 1957, it was reorganised as the 20th Guards Carpathia-Berlin, Red Banner, Order of Suvorov Motor Rifle Division. In 1959 the division was transferred to the 18th Guards Army, which had been up to 1957 the 3rd Guards Mechanised Army. In 1968, it took part in the invasion of Czechoslovakia as part of the 1st Guards Tank Army, though when it returned to East Germany, it reverted back to the control of the 18th Guards Army. When 18th Guards Army was disbanded in 1979, the division was transferred to the 1st Guards Tank Army, where it remained until it was withdrawn from Germany in 1991.
The division was withdrawn from Germany in 1991, and moved to Volgograd in the
North Caucasus Military District. It currently is garrisoned in Volgograd, with parts of the division having taken part in the First and Second Chechen Wars.
Order of Battle in 1989-90, Germany
:a. Division Headquarters – Grimma 51° 13’ 50” North, 12° 06’ 10” East:b. 29th Guards Motorized Rifle Regiment (BMP) – Plauen 50° 29’ 30” North, 12° 06’ 10” East:c. 67th Guards Motorized Rifle Regiment (BMP) – Grimma 51° 13’ 40” North, 12° 42’ 20” East:d. 242nd Guards Motorized Rifle Regiment (BTR) – Würzen 51° 22’ 50” North, 12° 43’ 40” East:e. 95th Tank Regiment – Glauchou 50° 48’ 40” North, 12° 33’ 10” East (in 1989, the 95th Tank Regiment was reorganized as the 576th Motorized Rifle Regiment):f. 944th Guards Self-Artillery Regiment - Leisnig 52° 09’ 30” North, 12° 54’ 50” East:g. 358th Guards Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment – Leisnig 51° 09’ 10” North, 12° 55’ 10” East:h. 20th Independent Tank Battalion – Pommsen 51° 13’ 30” North, 12° 36’ 10” East:i. 487th Independent Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion – Oshatz 51° 17’ 40” North, 13° 07’ 40” East:j. 320th Independent Missile Battalion (SS-21):k. 68th Independent Reconnaissance & Radio EW Battalion – Plauen 50° 29’ 30” North, 12° 06’ 10” East:l. 454th Independent Signals Battalion – Grimma 51° 13’ 50” North, 12° 42’ 20” East:m. 133rd Independent Guards Engineer-Sapper Battalion – Leisnig 51° 21’ 40” North, 12° 27’ 00” East:n. 153rd Independent Chemical Defense Battalion:o. 39th Independent Repair-Reconstruction Battalion 51° 21’ 40” North, 12° 27’ 00” East:p. 347th Independent Medical-Sanitation Battalion:q. 1124th Independent Material Support Battalion
ources and References
*Keith E. Bonn, Slaughterhouse: the Handbook of the Eastern Front, Aberjona Press, Bedford, PA, 2005, p.351
*Craig Crofoot, document on Group of Soviet Forces Germany accessible at www.microarmormayhem.com, including Conventional Forces in Europe data exchange material
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mechanised corps (Soviet Union) — A mechanised corps was a Soviet armoured formation used prior to the beginning of World War II. Contents 1 Pre war development of Soviet mechanised forces 2 Period 1940 1941 3 Period 1942 1946 … Wikipedia
3rd Shock Army (Soviet Union) — The 3rd Shock Army ( ru. Третья ударная армия) was a field army of the Red Army formed during the Second World War. The Shock armies were created with the specific structure to engage and destroy significant enemy forces, and were reinforced with … Wikipedia
4th Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=4th Mechanized Corps (1941 Dec 1942) 3rd Guards Mechanized Corps (1942 1945) 3rd Guards Mechanized Division (c.1946 1957) 47th Guards Motor Rifle Division (1957 59) caption= dates=1941 1959 country=Soviet Union… … Wikipedia
8th Cavalry Corps (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=8th Cavalry Corps (1942 3) 7th Guards Cavalry Corps (1943 5) 31st Guards Mechanised Division (1945 57) 23rd Motor Rifle Division (1957 92) caption= dates=1942 1992 country=Soviet Union allegiance= branch=Cavalry… … Wikipedia
1st Guards Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=1st Guards Mechanized Corps caption= dates=1942 ? country=Soviet Union allegiance= branch=Armoured Forces type=Mechanized Corps role=Breakthrough and Exploitation in Deep Operations size=ca. 19,000 20,000 men 180… … Wikipedia
3rd Guards Tank Army (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=3rd Guards Tank Army 3rd Guards Mechanised Army (1946 57) 3rd Guards Tank Army (1957 67 18th Guards Army (1967 79) caption= dates=1942 1979 country=Soviet Union allegiance= branch=Armoured Forces type=Field army… … Wikipedia
3rd Army (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=3rd Army caption= country=Soviet Union type= branch=Red Army, Soviet Army dates=1939 1945? command structure= Western Front, others size=two or more Rifle corps garrison= battles=Battle of Kursk East Prussian… … Wikipedia
193rd Rifle Division (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 193rd Rifle Division (1941 45) 22nd Mechanised Division (c.1945 57) 36th Tank Division (1957 65) 193rd Tank Division (1965 91) 193rd(?) Base for Storage of Weapons and Equipment (1991 disbandment) caption= dates=… … Wikipedia
List of Soviet Union divisions 1917–1945 — Monument to the Red Army in Berlin The Soviet Union s Red Army raised divisions during the Russian Civil War, and again during the interwar period from 1926. Few of the Civil War divisions were retained into this period, and even fewer survived… … Wikipedia
Mechanized corps (Soviet) — A mechanized corps was a Soviet armoured formation used since before the beginning of World War II. Pre war development of Soviet mechanized forces In Soviet Russia, the so called armored forces ( Bronevyye sily ) preceded the mechanized corps.… … Wikipedia