Bombing of Podgorica in World War II

Bombing of Podgorica in World War II

The bombing of Podgorica in World War II was carried out by the Allies from 1943 until 1944 at the request of the Yugoslav Partisans.


Between the two World Wars, the city of Podgorica had a population of 13,000. [ History of Podgorica] ]

On April 6, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded by the Axis powers. The state was de facto dissolved and Montenegro, in which Podgorica was the largest city, became independent as a protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy. This arrangement lasted until the Italian armistice on September 8, 1943, in which the fascist Italian forces capitulated. Germany then occupied Montenegro. Not until Germany's involvement was the city bombed.

Initial stage of bombing

The Podgorica airfield was bombed by P-39 Airacobras of the USAAF's Twelfth Air Force on October 25, 1943. [ [ U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II: Combat Chronology October 1943] ] By December, the German troops began setting off bomb sirens in the city, resulting in many citizens taking shelter in nearby caves. [Kovačević, Branislav. "Savezničko bombardovanje Crne Gore 1943. - 1944. godine". Svjedočanstvo. Podgorica, 2003. (pg. 34)]

Bombing of May 5 1944

The most intense bombing of Podgorica occurred on May 5, 1944. 116 USAAF B-24 Liberator's participated in the attack, which dropped 270 tonnes of bombs on the city. [Kovačević, Branislav. "Savezničko bombardovanje Crne Gore 1943. - 1944. godine". Svjedočanstvo. Podgorica, 2003. (pg. 56)] The attack resulted in only four German casualties and approximately 100 Chetnik deaths, while 400 Montenegrin civilians were killed.Kovačević, Branislav. "Savezničko bombardovanje Crne Gore 1943. - 1944. godine". Svjedočanstvo. Podgorica, 2003. (pg. 57)] Chetnik casualties included major Đorđije Lašić. [ [ Beograd, Niš and Podgorica on target] , Glas Javnosti] During the course of the bombing a Catholic church and an Orthodox cemetery were damaged and the Glavatović mosque was destroyed. [ [ Timeline of History] ]

The bombing by the Allies was of questionable legality. [ Bombing of the European Axis powers] (pg 345)] International law dictates that a country’s recognized government has theright to bombard any of its cities occupied by enemy forces. However at the time Anglo-American forces bombed the city, they still officially recognized the Yugoslav royal government-in-exile as the legitimate national government and not Josip Broz's, who ordered the bombings.

Final stage of bombing

On November 6, 72 RAF planes bombed the city. [ Op 30 - Podgorica Town] ] It was reported that 700 German troops were killed in the attack. On November 7, 124 P-38s strafed Axis troop concentrations in and around the city. [ [ Tuesday, 7 November, 1944] ]


The Allied bombing almost completely destroyed the city of Podgorica. Approximately 4100 people died in the attacks. Partisans took over the city on December 19, 1944. Damages were estimated in 1946 as 1.06 billion Yugoslav dinars. [Kovačević, Branislav. "Savezničko bombardovanje Crne Gore 1943. - 1944. godine". Svjedočanstvo. Podgorica, 2003. (pg. 647)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bombing of Dresden in World War II — Dresden after the bombing raid The Bombing of Dresden was a military bombing by the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) and as part of the Allied forces between 13 February and 15 Febr …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Hamburg in World War II — History of Hamburg This article is part of a series Hamburg culture   …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Cologne in World War II — Cologne in 1945 The City of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids[1] by the Allies during World War II, including 31 times[ …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Belgrade in World War II — This article is about the bombings of Belgrade during WWII. For NATO bombings in 1999, see 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. The city of Belgrade was bombed during two campaigns in World War II, the first undertaken by the Luftwaffe in 1941, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Mannheim in World War II — The German city of Mannheim in the state of Baden Württemberg saw bombing during World War II from December 1940 until the end of the war. Mannheim saw over 150 air raids. As part of Operation Abigail Rachel the first deliberate terror raid on… …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Nordhausen in World War II — Nordhausen WWII bombings Part of Strategic bombing campaign in Europe Location Nordhausen (district), Nazi Germany …   Wikipedia

  • Bombing of Minsk in World War II — Minsk after the bombing. The Minsk Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Minsk (population was 270,000) in the USSR during the Second World War. During 24 June 1941 three waves of bombers, of 47 aircraft each, bombed Minsk. The anti aircraft …   Wikipedia

  • World War II casualties — World War II was humanity s deadliest war, causing tens of millions of deaths. The tables below provide a detailed country by country count of human losses.Total human lossesThe total estimated human loss of life caused by World War II was… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (B) — # B 17 Flying Fortress (video game) # B 17 Flying Fortress # B 17, Queen of the Skies # B 24 Liberator # B 29 Superfortress # B Reactor # Błyskawica radiostation # Błyskawica submachine gun # Børge Mathiesen # BA 10 # BA 11 # BA 20 # BA 21 # BA… …   Wikipedia

  • Strategic bombing during World War II — For a list of notable strategic bombings in the European Theatre of World War II, see List of air operations during the Battle of Europe. Main article: Air warfare of World War II Strategic bombing during World War II Part of World War II …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.