E minor


E minor
E minor
Relative key G major
Parallel key E major
Component pitches
E, F, G, A, B, C, D, E

E minor (Em, Mim) is a minor scale based on the note E. The E natural minor scale (scale degree 1 scale degree 2 scale degree 3 scale degree 4 scale degree 5 scale degree 6scale degree 7) consists of the pitches E, F, G, A, B, C, and D. The E harmonic minor scale (scale degree 1 scale degree 2 scale degree 3 scale degree 4 scale degree 5 scale degree 6 scale degree 7) contains the natural 7, D, rather than the flatted 7, D – to align with the major dominant chord, B7 (B D F A).

Its key signature has one sharp, F (see below: Scales and keys).

Its relative major is G major, and its parallel major is E major.

Much of the classical guitar repertoire is in E minor, as this is a very natural key for the instrument. In standard tuning (E A D G B E), four of the instrument's six 'open' (unfretted) strings are part of the tonic chord. The key of E minor is also extremely popular in heavy metal music, as its tonic is the lowest note on a standard-tuned guitar.

E minor was one of the most-often used keys by Felix Mendelssohn.

Well-known classical compositions in this key

See also: list of symphonies in E minor


Scales and keys


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