- Life Extension Institute
The Life Extension Institute was an organization formed in the
United Statesin 1913 with the philanthropic goal of prolonging human life through hygiene and disease prevention. [Citation
title = NATIONAL SOCIETY TO CONSERVE LIFE; Life Extension Institute Formed to Teach Hygiene and Prevention of Disease. LARGE CAPITAL BEHIND IT Ex-President Taft, Chairman; Prof. Irving Fisher, E.E. Rittenhouse, and Others Direct It.
The New York Times
date = December 30, 1913
year = 1913
url = http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9F02E7DA173DE633A25753C3A9649D946296D6CF] Its organizational officers included many celebrity-philanthropists such as
William Howard Taft, Alexander Graham Bell, and Mabel Thorp Boardmanbut also genuine medical experts including William James Mayo, Russell Henry Chittenden, and J. H. Kellogg and a "Hygiene Reference Board" of dozens of nationally recognized physicians of that era such as Mazÿck Porcher Raveneland Major General William Crawford Gorgas. [cite book
author = Fisher, Irving
coauthors = Eugene Lyman Fisk
title = How to Live, Rules for Healthful Living Based on Modern Science, Authorized by and Prepared in Collaboration with the Hygiene Reference Board of the Life Extenstion Institute, Inc.
year = 1916
location = New York; London
edition = 8th ed.
url = http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/19598
isbn = 9781596050358
oclc = 146204564]
A major project of the institute which fulfilled its mission to disseminate knowledge was publication of the book " [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/19598 How to Live, Rules for Healthful Living Based on Modern Science] ", now in the public domain.
The institute was a proponent of
eugenicsincluding sterilization of "unfit" individuals:cquote|It depends largely upon the action of those now upon the earth, who are now making their choices of marriage, as to whether the races of the future shall be physical, mental or moral weaklings, or whether they shall be physically brave and hardy, mentally broad and profound, and morally sterling.
To summarize: There are three main lines along which eugenic improvement of the race may be attained:
(1) Education of all people on the inheritability of traits; (2) segregation of defectives so that they may not mingle their family traits with those on sound lines; (3) sterilization of certain gross and hopeless defectives, to preclude the propagation of their type.|40px|40px|Irving Fisher and Eugene Lyman Fisk|"How to Live, Rules for Healthful Living Based on Modern Science"
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