List of Choctaw Treaties

List of Choctaw Treaties

List of Choctaw Treaties is a comprehensive chronological list of historic agreements that directly or indirectly affected the Choctaw (an American Indian people) with other nations. Choctaw land was systematically obtained through treaties, legislation, and threats of warfare. Treaties were made with Great Britain, France, and Spain. Nine treaties were signed with the United States. cite web
url =
title = Treaties
accessdate = 2008-02-06
author = Bob Ferguson
last = Ferguson
first = Bob
date = 2001
format = HTML
publisher = Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians
] Some treaties, like the Treaty of San Lorenzo, indirectly affected the Choctaws.

The Choctaws considered European laws and diplomacy foreign and puzzling. The most confusing aspect of treaty making was writing which was impressive for a people who have not developed a written system. Choctaw history, as with many Native Americans, was passed orally from generation to generation. Europeans needed treaties to satisfy their cultural laws and ease their consciences. During treaty negotiations the three main Choctaw tribal areas (Upper Towns, Six town, and Lower Towns) had a "Miko" (chief) to represent them. Spain had the earliest claims to Choctaw country which was followed by French claims starting in the late 1600s. The United States, following the Treaty of San Lorenzo, laid claim to Choctaw country starting in 1795.

By the early 1800s pressure from U.S. southern states, like Georgia, encouraged the procurement of Native American lands. The Treaty of Fort Adams was the first in a series of treaties that ceded Choctaw lands. The Choctaws were relocated from their homeland, now known as the Deep South, to lands west of the Mississippi River. Approximately 15,000 Choctaws made the move to what would be called Indian Territory and then later Oklahoma.cite book
last = Satz
first = Ronald
editor = Samuel J. Wells and Roseanna Tuby
title = After Removal: The Choctaw in Mississippi
origdate = 1986
publisher = University Press of Mississippi
chapter = The Mississippi Choctaw: From the Removal Treaty of the Federal Agency
page = 7
id = ISBN 0878052895
] About 2,500 died along the trail of tears. The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek signed away the remaining tradition homeland to the United States. There would be three waves of removals starting in 1831. After the final wave of removal in 1833, nearly 6000 Choctaws chose to stay in the newly formed state of Mississippi. The newly settled European-Americans persistently urged the Mississippi Choctaws to remove, but they refused. Although smaller Choctaw groups can be found throughout the U.S. south, Choctaws are mainly found in Oklahoma and Mississippi.


ee also

* Choctaw Trail of Tears
* Treaty of Hopewell
* Treaty of Washington City
* Treaty of Doak's Stand
* Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek
* Treaty of Bowles Village
* List of treaties


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of Choctaw chiefs — is a collection of leaders who served the Choctaws while they were still in Mississippi and later Oklahoma.The Original Three DivisionsThe Choctaw Nation, in what is now Mississippi Alabama, was divided into three regions: Okla Hannali, Okla… …   Wikipedia

  • Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma — Choctaw Nation redirects here. For other uses, see Choctaw Nation (disambiguation). Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Total population 215,947 …   Wikipedia

  • Choctaw language — Choctaw Chahta Spoken in United States Region Southeastern Oklahoma and east central Mississippi, and into Louisiana and Tennessee Native speakers …   Wikipedia

  • Choctaw — For other uses, see Choctaw (disambiguation). Choctaw Choctaw portraits Total population 160,000   …   Wikipedia

  • List of United States treaties — This is a list of treaties to which the United States has been a party or which have had direct relevance to U.S. history. This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Contents 1 Pre Revolutionary War treaties 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Choctaw Trail of Tears — The complete Choctaw Nation shaded in blue in relation to the U.S. state of Mississippi. The Choctaw Trail of Tears was the relocation of the Choctaw Nation from their country referred to now as the Deep South (Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, and …   Wikipedia

  • Choctaw mythology — Mississippi Choctaws in traditional clothing, ca. 1908 Eagle Dance, Choctaw …   Wikipedia

  • Choctaw code talkers — Choctaws in training in World War I for coded radio and telephone transmissions. Choctaw code talkers were a group of Choctaw Indians from Oklahoma who pioneered the use of Native American languages as military code. Their exploits took place… …   Wikipedia

  • Choctaw Tribal School System — The Choctaw Tribal School System is a school district based in the community of Choctaw, Mississippi (USA). A non public entity operated by the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians[1], the district consists of eight schools in three counties –… …   Wikipedia

  • Choctaw Freedmen — The Choctaw freedmen were enslaved African Americans who became part of the Choctaw Nation with emancipation after the American Civil War, a requirement of the 1866 treaty the US made with the Choctaw. The Choctaw had sided with the Confederacy… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.