- Racine, Wisconsin
official_name = Racine, Wisconsin
nickname = The Belle City of the Lakes [cite web |url=http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=4446&term_type_id=2&term_type_text=Places&letter=R |title=Racine, Racine Co. |accessdate=2007-07-15 |publisher=The Wisconsin Historical Society ]
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Racine, Wisconsin
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Racine
leader_name = Gary Becker (D)
area_magnitude = 1 E9
area_total_km2 = 48.4
area_land_km2 = 40.2
area_water_km2 = 8.1
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 79592
population_density_km2 = 2033.8
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
area_total_sq_mi = 18.7
area_land_sq_mi = 15.5
area_water_sq_mi = 3.1
elevation_m = 188
elevation_ft = 617
latd = 42 |latm = 43 |lats = 34 |latNS = N
longd = 87 |longm = 48 |longs = 21 |longEW = W
website = [http://www.cityofracine.org/ www.cityofracine.org/ ]
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 55-66000GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1572015GR|3
Racine is a city in Racine County,
Wisconsin, United States, located beside Lake Michiganat the mouth of the Root River. [cite web |url=http://reference.allrefer.com/gazetteer/R/R00086-racine.html |title=Racine, Wisconsin (WI), United States |accessdate=2007-04-05 |work=AllRefer.com ] As of the 2006 census, the city had a total population of 79,592.cite web |url=http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFFacts?_event=&geo_id=16000US5566000&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=&_cityTown=&_state=04000US55&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2005_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=&_keyword=&_industry= |title=Racine city, Wisconsin - Fact Sheet |accessdate=2007-07-04 |publisher=U.S. Census Bureau ] It is the county seatof Racine County.GR|6
October 10, 1699, a fleet of eight canoes bearing a party of French explorers entered the mouth of Root River. These were the first known Europeans to visit what is now Racine County. Led by a man named Jonathan Paradise, they founded a French trading post in the area which eventually became a small settlement on Lake Michigan near where the Root River empties into Lake Michigan. "Racine" is French for "root."
In 1832, just after the
Blackhawk War, the area surrounding Racine was settled by Yankees from upstate New York. Gilbert Knapp, a Lake boatcaptain in 1834, founded the settlement of Port Gilbert at the place where the Root River empties into Lake Michigan. The area was previously called Kipi Kawi and Chippecotton by the indigenous peoples, both names for the Root River. The name "Port Gilbert" was never really accepted, and in 1841 the community was incorporated as the village of Racine. After Wisconsin's statehood was granted in 1848 the new legislature voted in August to incorporate Racine as a city.
American Civil War, Racine was well known for its strong opposition to slavery. Many slaves escaping to freedom via the Underground Railroadpassed through the city. In 1854 Joshua Glover, an escaped slave who had made a home in Racine, was arrested by federal marshals and taken to a jail in Milwaukee. One hundred men from Racine, and ultimately 5,000 Wisconsinites, rallied and broke into the jail to free him. He was helped to escape to Canada. Glover's rescue gave rise to many legal complications and a great deal of litigation. This eventually led to the Wisconsin Supreme Courtdeclaring the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850unconstitutional, and later, the Wisconsin State Legislaturerefusing to recognize the authority of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Waves of immigrants, including Danes, Germans, and Czechs, began to settle in Racine between the Civil War and the
First World War. African Americans started arriving in large numbers during World War I, as they did in other Midwestern industrial towns, and Mexicans started migrating to Racine from roughly 1925 onward.
Unitarians from New England initially dominated Racine's religious life, as they did in other parts of the Upper Midwest before 1880. Racine's Emmaus Lutheran Church is the oldest Danish Lutheran Church in North America, founded on August 22, 1851. Emmaus Lutheran, originally a founding member of the Danish American Lutheran Church, has subsequently been a member of the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (UDELCA), the
American Lutheran Church(ALC), and, since 1988, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America( ELCA).Also there was a large Catholic movement to the city opening up churches for their own ethnicity such as, St. Stanislaus (polish), St. Rose (Irish), Holy Name (German), St. Patrick (Irish), Sacred Heart (Italian), St. Joeseph (German), St. Mary (German), Holy Trinity (Slovak), St. Casimir (Lithuainian), and many more. As years passed populations moved and St. Stanislaus, Holy Name, Holy Trinity, St. Rose, and St. Casimir, all came togeter in 1998 to form St. Richard. With new waves of people coming in older parishes got a new lift by the hispanic community forming Cristo Rey and re-energizing St. Patrick's into the strong catholic communtity of today.
Racine was a factory town almost from the very beginning. The first industry in Racine County included the manufacture of
Fanning mills, machines that separated wheatgrain from chaff. Racine also had its share of captains of industry, including J. I. Case(heavy equipment), and S.C. Johnson(cleaning and chemical products). Racine's harbor was very central to the shipping industry in the late 1800s. Racine furthermore was an early car manufacturingcenter. One of the world's first automobiles was allegedly built there in 1871 or 1872 by Dr. J. W. Cathcart, [Clymer, Floyd. "Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925" (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.2 & 153.] , as was the PenningtonVictoria tricycle, [It had no less than two 4.75 hp (3.5 kW) engines. Clymer, p.6.] the Mitchell, [Before 1926. Clymer, p.36.] and the Case [Also before 1926. Clymer, p.153.]
malted milkwas invented by Englishman William Horlickin Racine, and Horlicksremains a global brand. The garbage disposalwas invented in 1927 by architectJohn Hammes of Racine. He founded the company InSinkEratorin Racine, which still produces millions of garbage disposers a year. In addition, Racine is the home of Johnson Wax, with its headquarters designed in 1936 by Frank Lloyd Wright, who also designed the Wingspread Conference Center and two homes in Racine. The city is also home to the Dremel Corporation as well as Twin Disc.
Racine claims to be the largest
North American settlement of Danes outside of Greenland. Racine is particularly known for its Danish pastries, especially kringle. Several bakeries have been featured on the Food Network. [cite web |url=http://www.foodnetwork.com/food/show_rd/episode/0,2857,FOOD_26716_45958,00.html |title=Road Tasted |accessdate=2007-04-05 |work=FoodNetwork.com ] [cite web |url=http://www.foodnetwork.com/food/show_fi/episode/0,1976,FOOD_9962_18881,00.html |title=Food Finds |accessdate=2007-04-05 |work=FoodNetwork.com ] Some of the bakeries in Racine are: O&H and Lehman's.
The city is also known for its large prom celebration, which combines the students from all the high schools in the city at an after party. This was featured in the radio show
This American Lifein Episode #186 "Prom", originally aired on June 8, 2001. [cite web |url=http://www.thislife.org/Radio_Episode.aspx?sched=875 |title=This American Life |accessdate=2008-05-28 |work=ThisLife.org ]
Racine is located at coor dms|42|43|34|N|87|48|21|W|city (42.726052, -87.805873).GR|1
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.7 square miles (48.4 km²), of which, 15.5 square miles (40.2 km²) of it is land and 3.1 square miles (8.1 km²) of it (16.76%) is water.
As of the
censusof 2000, there were 81,855 people, 31,449 households, and 20,405 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 5,267.6 people per square mile (2,033.7/km²). There were 33,414 housing units at an average density of 2,150.3/sq mi (830.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.91% White, 20.32% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.14% from other races, and 2.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.95% of the population.
There were 31,449 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,164, and the median income for a family was $45,150. Males had a median income of $35,079 versus $24,279 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $17,705. About 10.8% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those aged 65 or over.
The government of the City of Racine is divided into executive and legislative branches. The mayor is the chief executive, elected by general election for a term of four years. The mayor appoints commissioners and other officials who oversee the various departments, subject to Common Council approval. The current mayor is Gary Becker, a member of the
Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition[cite web| url=http://www.mayorsagainstillegalguns.org/html/about/members.shtml| title=Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Members] , a bi-partisangroup with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by BostonMayor Thomas Meninoand New York CityMayor Michael Bloomberg.
In addition to the mayor, Racine's other citywide elected official is the Municipal Judge. The City Council is the legislative branch and is made up of 15 aldermen, one elected from each district in the city. The council enacts local ordinances and approves the city budget. Government priorities and activities are established in a budget ordinance usually adopted each November. The council takes official action through the passage of ordinances and resolutions.
University of Wisconsin-Parksideon the border of Racine and Kenosha. The two cities fought over naming the university due to its geographical location. Since it was located in Kenosha, the city wanted to name the university, the University of Wisconsin-Kenosha; however, Racine wanted to name it the University of Wisconsin-Racine. To accommodate both cities, the university was named for its location near Petrifying Springs Park in Kenosha County.
Gateway Technical College
Racine's public schools are managed by the Racine Unified School District, which oversees twenty-one elementary schools, seven middle schools and five high schools with a combined student population of around 21,000 students.
Jerome I. Case High School
Washington Park High School
William Horlick High School
Walden III Middle/High School
Racine Lutheran High School
*St. Catherine's High School
The Prairie School
The R.E.A.L. School Middle/High School
Walden III Middle School
Jerstad Agerholm Middle School
Gilmore Middle School
Henry Mitchell Middle School
McKinley - Middle Charter School
Starbuck Middle School
R.E.A.L. School Middle/High School
San Juan Diego Middle School
Private Elementary Schools
St. John's Lutheran
John Paul II Academy
*Trinity Lutheran School
Racine Christian School
Wind Point Lighthouse– Listed on the National Register of Historic Places
*S.C. Johnson and Son Administration Building and Research Tower – Listed on the
National Register of Historic Places
Racine Zoological Gardens
Historic Horlick Field- Home to the Racine Belles of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball Leagueand, currently, the Racine Raidersof the North American Football League (NAFL).
Rajo Motor and Manufacturing- a high performance Model T cylinder headmanufacturer
Case Corporation- a tractor manufacturer
Rogan's Shoes- Family owned, shoe selling company with 31 stores in the Midwest
Racine is served by the daily newspaper "
The Journal Times", which is the namesake (but not current owner) of radio station WRJN(1400). The " Milwaukee Journal Sentinel" publishes a Racine-specific page on Thursdays and a Racine County section on Sundays, while " The Insider News" covers issues specific to the African-American community. The web-only [http://www.racinepost.com RacinePost.com] also covers the community.
The city has one television station owned by
Weigel Broadcasting, WBME-TV(Channel 49), a station which airs classic drama and sitcom reruns and has their analog transmitter just north of the Milwaukee County line in Oak Creek. For all intents and purposes the station serves all of southeastern Wisconsin, with the station offices located in West Allis and the station's digital transmitter to be located in north Milwaukee's Lincoln Park by the end of 2008. WBME does air a Sunday morning public affairsprogram called "Racine & Me" which is devoted to topics of interest to Racine residents.
Other radio stations serving the area are
adult contemporary WEZY(92.1) and urban contemporary WKKV(100.7). WEZY specifically targets Racine and Kenosha and is owned locally, while WKKV is a station owned by Clear Channel Communicationsthat although it is licensed to Racine and with a transmitter in the north-central part of Racine County, is targeted towards Milwaukee audiences and has their station offices in Greenfield.
Racine has six
sister cities: [cite web |url=http://www.sister-cities.org/icrc/directory/usa/WI |title=Sister Cities International |accessdate=2007-04-05 |format= |work= ] [cite web |url=http://www.journaltimes.com/articles/2008/06/29/local_news/doc486716ed7e094179393084.txt "City finds newest sister city in Mexico" |title=Racine Journal-Times |accessdate=2008-07-02 |format= |work= ]
Notable people from Racine
Harold C. Agerholm, PFC, USMC, World War IImarine and Medal of Honorrecipient
James Roy Andersen, Brigadier General U.S. Air Forces Pacific 1945, Andersen Air Force Basewas named after him
Lillian Andersen, 1933 World's FairQueen
Kristin Bauer, actress
Chester Beach, inventor (AC/DC electric motor)
Frank Bencriscutto, composer
Lane Brody, born Lynn Voorlas, singer
Olympia Brown, minister and champion of women's suffrage
Caron Butler, NBA basketballplayer
Joyce Carlson, artist
Jerome I. Case, industrialist (threshing machines)
Jim Chones, NBA basketball player
astronaut; died on reentry in her first space flight on Space Shuttle Columbia
Chester Commodore, Cartoonist - nominated for the Pulitzer Prizetwelve times
Ellen Corby, television actress
Marguerite Davis, Codiscoverer of Vitamins A and B.
Albert Dremel, founder of the Dremelcompany
George N. Gillett Jr, owner of the ice hockey team Montreal Canadiensand co-owner of English Premier League team, Liverpool F.C.and the NASCARauto racing team Gillett Evernham Motorsports.
Norman Golden II, screen actor
Walter Goodland, oldest Wisconsin governor
George Gorton, inventor and manufacturer of machines
Greg Graffin, lead vocalist of political punk rockband Bad Religion
*Ben Greenebaum, emeritus physics professor at
University of Wisconsin-Parksideand president of the [http://www.bioelectromagnetics.org Bioelectromagnetic Society]
Edward P. Haas, investor, industrialist and entrepreneur Haas Tractors
Francis J. Haas, Roman Catholicbishop
John Hammes, inventor ( InSinkErator)
Max Hardcore, porn star
Paul P. Harris, founder of Rotary International
Ben Hecht, author and playwright
Chase M. Hendrix, entrepreneur - Adaptive Easel, Creative Goodwill
Sonja Henning, WNBAplayer
Kevin Henkes, author and Caldecott Meldalwinner
William Horlick, malted milk magnate
Joe Jagersberger, early racecar driver and founder of Rajo Motor and Manufacturing
Abdul Jeelani, NBA basketball player
Paul Jene, ABC, the Practiseactor Long Beach Juvenile Ice Dogshockey coach [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1995680/bio]
John L. Jerstad, Major, USAAF, World War IIaviator and Medal of Honorrecipient
Samuel C. Johnson, industrialist (wax)
William K. Johnson, circus ringmaster
Karel Jonas, Bohemian author and statesman
Jim Jorgensen, entrepreneur – Discovery Zone, AllAdvantage& AllAdvantage.deand Women's Sports Foundation
Gerald L. Karwowski, historian and author
Duane Kuiper, Major League Baseballplayer
Larry Kusche, commercial pilot and author
Craig Leipold, majority owner of NHLice hockey team, Minnesota Wild
T.P. Lucas, nationally renowned comedian, founder of 3-M.C. Entertainment
Eric Nelson, award winning performances as a PGA golfer
Fredric March, screen and stage actor
Jim McIlvaine, NBA basketball player
Barbara McNair, television and screen actress
Robert McRay, television and screen actor
Frederick Osius, inventor (electric appliances)
*John Oster, manufacturer of the
Edward Piel, Sr, screen actor
Steven Poplawski, inventor of drink mixers and the blender
Shane Rawley, former major league pitcher
Warner Richmond, screen actor
Jack Rogan, founder of family owned business Rogan's Shoes
Johnny Saputo, producer for the Ron & Fezshow.
Tom Sorensen, American volleyball player
Keith Stattenfield, Lead Engineer, Apple Computer, Inc
Racine Dominican Sisters, professor Seton Hall University
Edward H. Wadewitz, Whitman Publishing Companyand Golden Books
John Dearborn Walker, Drummer attached to 22nd Regiment. At age 11, the youngest person to serve in the Union Armyduring the Civil War.
Jamey WalterNational Soccer Referee registered in Wisconsin
Lisa Wells, wife of REO Speedwagon lead singer Kevin Cronin
George Wheary, inventor and industrialist
Caryl Yasko, muralist
Area code 262
* [http://www.racinehistory.com/ Racine and Racine County History site]
* [http://www.cityofracine.org/ Racine City Government]
* [http://racine.wi.net/ Racine.WI.Net]
* [http://www.visitracine.org/frames_large.html Racine County Convention and Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.vindustries.com/racine/ Racine History site -- lots of early 1900s postcards]
* [http://www.racinelibrary.info Racine Public Library]
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