- Emiliano Figueroa
Infobox_President | name=Emiliano Figueroa
September 6, 1910
December 23, 1910
Elías Fernández Albano
Ramón Barros Luco
death_date=death date and age|1931|5|15|1866|7|12|mf=y
Leonor Sánchez Vicuña
President of Chile
President of Chile
December 23, 1925
May 10, 1927
Luis Barros Borgoño
Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
Emiliano Figueroa Larraín (
July 12 1866- May 15 1931) was President of Chilefrom December 23 1925until his resignation on May 10 1927. He also served as Vicepresident for a few months on 1910.
Figueroa was born on
July 12 1866in Santiago, son of Francisco de Paula Figueroa Araoz and of Rosalía Larraín Echeverría. He studied in the San Ignacio School and then went on to study law at the State University. He graduated in 1889 and that same year was named secretary to the Intendant of Santiago.
Figueroa decided to embark on a political career and joined the Liberal Democratic Party, which supported a stronger executive. He was elected deputy for Victoria and Melipilla in 1900 and reelected in 1903. In 1907, once his term had ended, he was selected to replace
Juan José Valenzuela, deputy for Rere and Puchacay, who had died in July that year. In 1909, Figueroa was once again elected to the Chamber of Deputies, this time representing Itata.
October 25 1907, President Pedro Monttnamed Figueroa Minister of Justice, a position which he kept until September 15 1909. President Montt died on August 16 1910and was replaced by his Minister of Interior, Elías Fernández, who became Vicepresident. Fernández named Figueroa Minister of Interior but died on September 6that very year. Figueroa then replaced Fernández as Vicepresident and stayed in that position until December 23, when Ramón Barros Lucowas inaugurated as President.
Barros named Figueroa to the post of ambassador to Spain in 1911, and in 1914 became ambassador to Argentina. Figueroa was considered a harmless politician and the three major political parties in Chile, Conservative, Liberal, and Radical, chose him as a consensus candidate for the 1925 Chilean presidential election. The purpose of having a single candidate was to avoid political campaigning in the volatile political situation the country was in. Nevertheless, leftist
José Santos Salasignore the three parties' agreement and declared his candidacy, backed by the Social Republican Worker's Union.
Figueroa easily defeated Salas and became president on
23 December 1925. Figueroa kept the ambitious General Carlos Ibáñezas Minister of War, and later named him Minister of the Interior. In 1927, Ibáñez ordered the arrest of Figueroa's brother Javier Ángel, President of the Supreme Court. Unable to withstand the political pressure, Figueroa resigned and Ibáñez became Vicepresident. After winning the presidential election that year with 98% of the vote, Ibáñez became President and wielded dictatorial powers.
Ibáñez named Figueroa ambassador to
Peruin 1928. Upon his return, Figueroa became president of the Central Bank. He died in an accident on May 15 1931.
* San Francisco, Alejandro, and Ángel Soto, eds. "Camino a La Moneda". Santiago: Centro De Estudios Bicentenario, 2005.
*Collier, Simon, and William F. Sater. "A History of Chile, 1808-2002". 2nd ed. Cambridge UP, 2002.
* [http://www.bcn.cl/pags/biografias/detalle_par.php?id=723 Biography of Figueroa from the Chilean Library of Congress]
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