A preservationist generally refers to one who wishes to preserve a historic
structurefrom demolition or degradation.
Persons who work to preserve ancient or
endangered languages are also referred to as preservationists.
It is also occasionally used as a label by those who wish to discredit
conservationists and environmentalists. The environmental and conservation movements do wish to preserve ecosystems and the natural environmentbut this is best described as "conservation" or " environmentalism" rather than "preservation". Though in casual discussion these terms could get confused, it would be better to recognize their differences and correctly distinguish between a conservationists and preservationists in the field of environmentalism.
A key difference between the Preservationist and Conservationist schools is their view of the use of environmental resources. In summary, Preservationist view is that the environment has an intrinsic value; that is, the environment has value solely in itself. Therefore the name "preservationist" is explaining the goal to preserve the environment is its natural form, making as little change as possible.
Conservationists, however, view the environment with an instrumental value. While conservationists are to be considered far more "environmentally friendly" than many, they do not have the same "let it be" view as preservationists do. Instead, they look at the environment and look for what it can do.
A key concept is that conservationists generally accept the notion of
sustainable yield—that man can harvest some forest or animal products from a natural environment on a regular basis without comprising the long-health of the ecosystem. This theory was presented by forester Gifford Pinchot. Preservationists usually oppose any resource extraction.
Preservationism has also been defined by
Richard Heinbergin the book "Power-down" as a term distinguishing between survivalist groups who wish merely to survive a collapse of civilization, and communities who wish to preserve as much of human culture as is possible in the event of collapse. Such communities hope to provide useful knowledge and skills, as well as maintain and continue to form cooperative bonds with other such groups. The idea of preservationist communities is part of a broader strategy in which individuals achieve independence from the centralized power grid, forming sustainable communities that could provide mutual support in the event of critical depletion of non-renewable resources.
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Look at other dictionaries:
preservationist — (n.) advocate of protecting historic property, 1927, from PRESERVATION (Cf. preservation) + IST (Cf. ist) … Etymology dictionary
preservationist — [prez΄ər vā′shənist] n. a person who advocates taking positive measures to preserve something, as historic buildings, wilderness lands, endangered species, etc … English World dictionary
preservationist — UK [ˌprezə(r)ˈveɪʃ(ə)nɪst] / US [ˌprezərˈveɪʃ(ə)nɪst] noun [countable] Word forms preservationist : singular preservationist plural preservationists American a conservationist … English dictionary
preservationist — [[t]pre̱zə(r)ve͟ɪʃənɪst[/t]] preservationists N COUNT A preservationist is someone who takes action to preserve something such as old buildings or an area of countryside. The house fell into disrepair but a group of preservationists have… … English dictionary
preservationist — noun Date: 1927 one who advocates preservation (as of a biological species or a historical landmark) … New Collegiate Dictionary
preservationist — preservationism, n. /prez euhr vay sheuh nist/, n. a person who advocates or promotes preservation, esp. of wildlife, natural areas, or historical places. [1925 30; PRESERVATION + IST] * * * … Universalium
preservationist — noun A person who advocates for the preservation of natural or man made landmarks. See Also: preservation, preservationism … Wiktionary
preservationist — pres|er|va|tion|ist [ˌprezəˈveıʃənıst US zər ] n someone who works to prevent historical places, buildings etc from being destroyed … Dictionary of contemporary English
preservationist — pres|er|va|tion|ist [ ,prezər veıʃnıst ] noun count AMERICAN someone who tries to make certain that things of historical or natural interest such as buildings or trees are not destroyed … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
preservationist — noun a supporter of the preservation of something, especially of historic buildings or artefacts … English new terms dictionary