Upper Mill, Eastry

Upper Mill, Eastry

Infobox Windmill
name = Upper Mill, Eastry


caption = The converted mill
name_of_mill =
location_of_mill = TR 304 545
Coord|51.243|1.300|display=inline|format=dms
operator =
built = 1740s
purpose = Corn mill
type = Smock mill
storeys = Three storey smock
base_storeys = Single storey base
roundhouse_storeys =
smock_sides = Eight sided
sail_number = Four
sail_type = Patent sails
windshaft = Cast iron
winding = Fantail
fantail_blades = Six blades
auxpower = Gas engine 1913-1949
Electric motor
1949 - 1959
pairs_of_millstones= Four pairs
stone_size =
saw_type =
pump_type =
scoop_dia =
lost =
other =

Upper Mill is a Grade II listedcite web| url= http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?pid=2&id=178188| publisher = English Heritage| title = EASTRY MILL, MILL LANE (south side), EASTRY, DOVER, KENT| accessdate= 2008-04-15] house converted smock mill in Eastry, Kent, England. It was built in the mid eighteenth century.

History

"Upper Mill" was built in in the mid eighteenth century. A mill was marked on Symonson's map of 1596, Robert Morden's map of 1695 and E Bowen's map of 1736. Two mills were marked on Andrews, Drury and Herbert's map of 1769. Four mills were marked on the 1819-43 Ordnance Survey map.

Of the four mills the fate of one is unknown. One was burnt down and the third, the Lower Mill, which was similar in appearance to the surviving mill except that it lacked a brick base, was demolished in 1926. Lower Mill bore the date 1743 inside.cite book | first = William| last = Coles Finch| year = 1933| title = Watermills and Windmills| pages = p198| publisher = C W Daniel Company| location = London]

The earliest confirmed date for "Upper Mill" is a sale document of 1770, although the mill is believed to be older. The mill was worked by wind until 1913, when the sails and fantail were removed. It was worked by a suction gas engine until 1949 and then by electric motor until 1959, when the business was transferred to Sandwich.cite book | first = Jenny| last = West| year = 1973| title = The Windmills of Kent| pages = p39-41| publisher = Charles Skilton Ltd.| location = London| id = SBN 284-98534-1]

Description

"Upper Mill" is a three storey black smock mill on a single storey brick base. It had four Patent sails carried on a cast iron windshaft. The mill was winded by a fantail. The mill drove four pairs of millstones. The mill was stripped of machinery after milling ceased, with only the windshaft and wooden brake wheel remaining.

Millers

*Thomas Clark 1826 - 1845
*W Clark 1913
*Harold H Clark - 1949
*Arthur Clark 1949 - 1959

References for above:-cite web| url= http://www.millarchive.com/kent/millpeople/Kent%20Mill%20People.htm| publisher = The Mills Archive Trust| title = Directory of Kent Mill People| accessdate= 2008-04-15]

References

External links

* [http://www.windmillworld.com/millid/2783.htm Windmill World page] on the mill.


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Upper Mill — Uppermill or Upper Mill may refer to: PlacesUppermill, a village near Saddleworth, Greater Manchester.Mills*Upper Mill, Eastry a windmill that is now house converted. *Upper Mill, Wateringbury a watermill, also known as Brattle Mill …   Wikipedia

  • Union Mill, Cranbrook — The mill with traditional sails restored Origin Mill location Russells Yard, Cranbrook, Kent …   Wikipedia

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