- Treaties of Nijmegen
The Treaties of Peace of Nijmegen ("Négotiations de Nimegue" or "Négotiations de la Paix de Nimègue") were a series of treaties, signed in the Dutch city of
Nijmegen, August 1678- December 1679, ending war between various countries, including France, Dutch Republic, Spain, Brandenburg, Sweden, Denmark, Münster, the Holy Roman Empirem.m, during the Franco-Dutch War(1672-1678).
The Franco-Dutch War led to several separate wars, which usually go by separate names, like the
Third Anglo-Dutch Waror Scanian War, but which were directly caused by, and really form part of, the Franco-Dutch War. Englandwas initially participating in the war on the French side but withdrew in 1674in the Treaty of Westminster.
The negotiations started in
1676, but nothing was agreed to and signed before 1678. These treaties did not result in a lasting peace. Some of the countries involved signed peace deals elsewhere, such as the Treaty of Celle(Sweden made peace with Lüneburg), Treaty of Saint-Germain (France and Sweden made peace with Brandenburg) and Treaty of Fontainebleau(French dictated peace between Sweden and Denmark-Norway).
treatythat ended the Franco-Dutch War, France gained control of the Franche-Comtéand some cities in Flanders and Hainaut (from Spain).
ome treaties signed in Nijmegen
August 10, 1678– France and the Dutch republic signed a peace. Sweden was not part of the treaty, but a paragraph in the treaty forced the Dutch republic to take a neutral approach toward Sweden, with which they had been at war since 1675.
September 19, 1678– France and Spain signed a peace.
January 26, 1679– France signed a peace with the Holy Roman Empire.
January 26, 1679– Sweden signed a peace with the Holy Roman Empire.
March 19, 1679– Sweden signed a peace with Münster. The treaty also called for all of Münster's soldiers in Danish war-service to be withdrawn.
October 2, 1679– Sweden signed a peace with the Dutch Republic.
Marc-Antoine Charpentierwrote a Te Deumfor this occasion. The preludeof the Te Deum is also known as the Eurovision-tune.
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Nijmegen, Treaties of — (1678–79) Peace treaties that ended the Franco Dutch War. In the treaty between France and the Dutch Republic, France agreed to return Maastricht and to suspend the anti Dutch tariff of 1667. In the treaty between France and Spain, Spain gave up… … Universalium
Nijmegen — /nuy may geuhn/; Du. /nuy may kheuhn, kheuh/, n. a city in the E Netherlands, on the Waal River: peace treaty 1678. 221,684. German, Nimwegen. Formerly, Nymwegen. * * * ▪ The Netherlands German Nimwegen gemeente (municipality), eastern… … Universalium
France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… … Universalium
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treaty — /tree tee/, n., pl. treaties. 1. a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations. 2. the formal document embodying such an international agreement. 3. any agreement or… … Universalium
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Charles XI — 1655 97, king of Sweden 1660 97 (son of Charles X). * * * Swedish Karl born Nov. 24, 1655, Stockholm, Swed. died April 5, 1697, Stockholm King of Sweden (1660–97). At age five he succeeded his father, Charles X Gustav, and the kingdom was ruled… … Universalium
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Oxenstierna, Bengt Gabrielsson, Greve — ▪ Swedish statesman born July 16, 1623, Morby Castle, Sweden died July 12, 1702, Stockholm Swedish statesman who, as the principal foreign policy adviser of King Charles XI, established a virtually neutral foreign policy for Sweden,… … Universalium
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