Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus


Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus

Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus (c. 210 BC – 116 BC/115 BC) was a Praetor in 148 BC, Consul in 143 BC, Proconsul of Hispania Citerior in 142 BC and Censor in 131 BC. He was the oldest son of Quintus Caecilius Metellus and grandson of Lucius Caecilius Metellus.

A brilliant General, he fought in the Third Macedonian War and played a pivotal role in the Fourth. Under his leadership in 148 BC when still a Praetor the Roman troops defeated twice Andriscus, a self-proclaimed pretender to Macedonian throne who saying to be son of Perseus had risen against Rome. Under Metellus' authority Macedonia was reduced and made a Roman province. For that he won his "cognomen" and since then introduced the "Clypeus Macedoniccus" in his family's medals.

In 147 BC he defeated Christolaus at Scarpheia and in 146 BC the Arcadians at Chaeronea but Metellus was then sent to fight and attacked the Achaeans to avenge an insult offered to a Roman Embassy at Corinth, for what he had to trust to Consul Lucius Mummius Achaicus the ultimation of the war, which stopped him from celebrating immediately the honours of the Triumph to which he was to merit. He gained decided successes over them at Scarpheia. On his return to Italy he received the honour of a Triumph and the title of "Macedonicus". He then made built at the Campus Martius - where later it was elevated the Portic of Octavius ("Porticus Octavii") - a Portic of Cecilius ("Porticus Caecilii") and two grandious temples dedicated one to Jupiter and the other to Juno, the first marble temples in Rome, ornamented with equestrian statues of the various Generals of Alexander brought by him from Greece.

In 143 BC, when Consul, he campaigned against the Celtiberians and Viriathus in the Iberian Peninsula. He defeated the Celtiberians in Northern Spain and reduced them to obedience.

He was elected Censor in 131 BC, boldly pledging to brake the growing degradation of Roman custom. In a speech which he delivered at his appointment, he proposed that the matrimony was to be mandatory to all citizens, in order to put an end to the libertinage then already spread, which speech Augustus, a century later, made to be reread at the Senate and publish as an Edict for the knowledge and regeneration of the Roman People. His moralizing efforts awakened strong popular opposition, led by the Tribune Gaius Atinius Labeo Macerio whom he had previously expelled from the Senate. He was almost killed by the mob on the Tarpeian Rock.

Later there were some disagreements between him and Scipio Aemilianus, but he never lost sight of the merit of this adversary, whose death he mourned, ordering his sons to transport Aemilianus' body to the crematory pyre.

Celebrated for his eloquence and his taste for the Arts, he died in 116 BC/115 BC. He was generally respected as the paradigm of the fortunate Roman for from an illustrious birth he united all manner of civil and military honours, and left a large family of four sons, of whom one was then Consul, two had already been and one was already pointed out to be soon. His two sons-in-law, Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio and Gaius Servilius Vatia would also attain the Consulship.

He was the father of:
* Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus
* Lucius Caecilius Metellus Diadematus
* Marcus Caecilius Metellus
* Gaius Caecilius Metellus Caprarius
* Caecilia Metella, born c. 170 BC, wife of Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio
* Caecilia Metella, born c. 170 BC, wife of Gaius Servilius Vatia

References

* [http://www.unrv.com/bio/metellus-macedonicus.php UNRV.com]

Further reading

* Manuel Dejante Pinto de Magalhães Arnao Metello and João Carlos Metello de Nápoles, "Metellos de Portugal, Brasil e Roma", Torres Novas, 1998


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