- Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus (c. 210 BC – 116 BC/115 BC) was a
Praetorin 148 BC, Consul in 143 BC, Proconsulof Hispania Citeriorin 142 BC and Censor in 131 BC. He was the oldest son of Quintus Caecilius Metellus and grandson of Lucius Caecilius Metellus.
General, he fought in the Third Macedonian Warand played a pivotal role in the Fourth. Under his leadership in 148 BC when still a Praetorthe Roman troops defeated twice Andriscus, a self-proclaimed pretender to Macedonian throne who saying to be son of Perseushad risen against Rome. Under Metellus' authority Macedonia was reduced and made a Roman province. For that he won his " cognomen" and since then introduced the "Clypeus Macedoniccus" in his family's medals.
In 147 BC he defeated
Christolausat Scarpheia and in 146 BC the Arcadians at Chaeroneabut Metellus was then sent to fight and attacked the Achaeansto avenge an insult offered to a Roman Embassyat Corinth, for what he had to trust to Consul Lucius Mummius Achaicusthe ultimation of the war, which stopped him from celebrating immediately the honours of the Triumph to which he was to merit. He gained decided successes over them at Scarpheia. On his return to Italy he received the honour of a Triumph and the title of "Macedonicus". He then made built at the Campus Martius- where later it was elevated the Portic of Octavius("Porticus Octavii") - a Portic of Cecilius("Porticus Caecilii") and two grandious temples dedicated one to Jupiter and the other to Juno, the first marbletemples in Rome, ornamented with equestrian statues of the various Generals of Alexander brought by him from Greece.
In 143 BC, when Consul, he campaigned against the
Celtiberiansand Viriathusin the Iberian Peninsula. He defeated the Celtiberiansin Northern Spain and reduced them to obedience.
He was elected Censor in 131 BC, boldly pledging to brake the growing degradation of Roman custom. In a speech which he delivered at his appointment, he proposed that the matrimony was to be mandatory to all citizens, in order to put an end to the libertinage then already spread, which speech
Augustus, a century later, made to be reread at the Senate and publish as an Edictfor the knowledge and regeneration of the Roman People. His moralizing efforts awakened strong popular opposition, led by the Tribune Gaius Atinius Labeo Maceriowhom he had previously expelled from the Senate. He was almost killed by the mob on the Tarpeian Rock.
Later there were some disagreements between him and
Scipio Aemilianus, but he never lost sight of the merit of this adversary, whose death he mourned, ordering his sons to transport Aemilianus' body to the crematory pyre.
Celebrated for his eloquence and his taste for the Arts, he died in 116 BC/115 BC. He was generally respected as the paradigm of the fortunate Roman for from an illustrious birth he united all manner of civil and military honours, and left a large family of four sons, of whom one was then Consul, two had already been and one was already pointed out to be soon. His two sons-in-law,
Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapioand Gaius Servilius Vatiawould also attain the Consulship.
He was the father of:
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus
Lucius Caecilius Metellus Diadematus
* Marcus Caecilius Metellus
Gaius Caecilius Metellus Caprarius
Caecilia Metella, born c. 170 BC, wife of Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio
Caecilia Metella, born c. 170 BC, wife of Gaius Servilius Vatia
* [http://www.unrv.com/bio/metellus-macedonicus.php UNRV.com]
* Manuel Dejante Pinto de Magalhães Arnao Metello and João Carlos Metello de Nápoles, "Metellos de Portugal, Brasil e Roma", Torres Novas, 1998
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Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus — (* zwischen 190 v. Chr. und 185 v. Chr.; † 115 v. Chr.) war ein römischer Politiker des 2. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Macedonicus war der älteste Sohn des Quintus Caecilius Metellus, der im Jahr 206 v. Chr. Konsul gewesen war. Metellus war ein… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Caecilii Metelli. Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus (vers 210 av. J. C. – 116 ou 115 av. J. C.) appartenait à la gens romaine influente des Caecilii Metelli et était le fils de Quintus, petit fils de Quintus … Wikipédia en Français
Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus — Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus († 115 v. Chr.) war ein römischer Politiker des 2. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Macedonicus war der älteste Sohn des Quintus Caecilius Metellus, der im Jahr 206 v. Chr. Konsul gewesen war. Metellus war ein… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Quintus Caecilius Metellus — ist der Name folgender Personen: Quintus Caecilius Metellus (Konsul 206 v. Chr.), römischer Politiker Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus, römischer Politiker, Konsul 123 v. Chr., Zensor 120 v. Chr. Quintus Caecilius Metellus Celer († 59 v. Chr … Deutsch Wikipedia
Quintus Caecilius Metellus III — Quintus Caecilius Metellus (b. ca 130 BC), was the owner of a palace in Tampillium on the Quirinal Hill, with a beautiful hanging garden in oriental style, with towers and terraces surrounded by a grove of trees, beside of a house and a tomb at… … Wikipedia
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus — war ein römischer Politiker des späten 2. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus war ein Sohn des Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus. Er war wohl als Ädil zum Getreidekauf in Thessalien und spätestens 126 v. Chr. Prätor.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Quintus Caecilius Metellus (died 175 BC) — Quintus Caecilius Metellus (c. 250 BC ndash; 175 BC) was a son of Lucius Caecilius Metellus. He was Pontiff in 216 BC, Aedile of the Plebeians in 209 BC and 208 BC, Consul in 205 BC, Dictator in 203 BC and Ambassador at the Court of Philip V of… … Wikipedia
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus — (b. c. 170 BC) was a son of Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus. He was a Consul in 123 BC and a Censor in 120 BC, dominated Sardinia and conquered the Balearic Islands for what he earned his cognomen and the honours of Triumph establishing at … Wikipedia
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius — Coin of Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius … Wikipedia
Quintus Caecilius Metellus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Caecilii Metelli. Quintus Caecilius Metellus est un homme politique romain durant le seconde guerre punique, de la gens patricienne des Caecilii Metelli, grand père de Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus. En… … Wikipédia en Français