Lake Lanao


Lake Lanao

Infobox_lake
lake_name = Lake Lanao
image_lake = Lake_Lanao_zoom.jpg
caption_lake = Landsat photo
image_bathymetry =
caption_bathymetry =
coords =coord|7|53|31|N|124|15|09|E|region:PH_type:waterbody_source:cswiki|display=inline,title
type = Rift Lake
inflow = "4 tributaries"
outflow = Agus River
catchment =
location = Lanao del Sur
basin_countries = Philippines
length = 33 km
width = 20 km
area = 340 km²
depth = 60.3 m
max-depth = 112 m
volume =
residence_time =
shore = 115 km
elevation = 700 m
islands =
cities = Marawi City

Lake Lanao or Ranaw [http://ranaw.com/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=19 Lake Lanao] ] is a large lake in the Philippines, located in Lanao del Sur province in the country's southern island of Mindanao. With a surface area of 340 km². (131 square miles), it is the largest lake in Mindanao, and the second largest lake in the Philippines and counted as one of the 15 ancient lakes in the world.

Physical Characteristics

The lake was formed by the tectonic-volcanic damming of a basin between two mountain ranges and the collapse of a large volcano. It has a maximum depth of 112 meters, and a mean depth of 60.3 meters. The basin is shallowest towards the north and gets progressively deeper towards the south.

The lake is fed by four rivers. Its only outlet is the Agus River, which flows southwest into Iligan Bay via two channels, one over the Maria Cristina Falls and the other over the Linamon Falls. A hydroelectric plant installed on the Lanao Lake and Agus River system generates 70% of the electricity used by the people of Mindanao.

Biodiversity

The lake is home to 18 endemic species of freshwater fish and supports a large number of waterfowl. In October 2006, a study from the Mindanao State University discovered massive algae contamination in Lake Lanao [ [http://mindanews.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1073&Itemid=50 Contaminated Lake Lanao in danger] ] . Initially, poor sewage and agricultural waste management were seen as the culprit to the contamination. However, the Department of Agriculture and the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources stated that soil erosion from indiscriminate logging and extensive land use and farming are the problems that caused the algae contamination.

In culture

A Maranao myth describes the formation of the lake [ [http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/folktales/Maranao/how_the_angels_built_lake_lanao.htm How the Angels Built Lake Lanao] ] . It is said that a group of angels under the command of Gabriel removed the vast population of Mantapoli to prevent the world from tipping over. The hole that was left was filled with water and threatened to drown the rest of the world. In response, the angels enlisted the help of the Four Winds to gouge out an outlet. The hole became Lake Lanao and the outlet became the Agus river.

References

External links

* [http://www.ilec.or.jp/database/asi/dsasi025.html Lake Lanao information]
* [http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/folktales/Maranao/how_the_angels_built_lake_lanao.htm How the Angels Built Lake Lanao]
* [http://mindanews.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1073&Itemid=50 Contaminated Lake Lanao in danger]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lake Lanao — Satellitenbild des Lake Lanao Der Lake Lanao ist einer der größten Seen auf den Philippinen und befindet sich im Zentrum der Provinz Lanao del Sur auf der Insel Mindanao. Der See liegt 701,35 m über dem Meeresspiegel, hat eine Fläche von 354,6… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lake Dapao — Location Lanao del Sur Coordinates 7°47′25″N 124°3′1″E …   Wikipedia

  • Lanao, Lake — Lake, Mindanao, Philippines. It is located in a plateau region north of a range of active volcanoes. The second largest lake in the Philippines, it occupies an area of 131 sq mi (340 sq km). It is 22 mi (35 km) long and has a maximum width of 16… …   Universalium

  • Lanao — war eine Provinz der Philippinen, die heute in zwei Provinzen geteilt ist: Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Zudem steht der Name auch für einen See auf den Philippinen: Lake Lanao …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lake Mainit — Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Danao (Leyte) — Lake Danao Location Leyte Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Manguao — Location Northern Palawan Coordinates 10°46′N 119°33′E …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Danao (Negros) — Lake Danao Location Negros Oriental Coordinates 9°21′02″N 123°11′00″E …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Dasay — Location San Miguel, Zamboanga del Sur Coordinates 7°39′43″N 123°15′11″E …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Muhikap — Location San Pablo City, Laguna, Philippines Group Seven Lakes of San Pablo Coordinates …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.