Small diamond crown of Queen Victoria


Small diamond crown of Queen Victoria

The Small Diamond Crown of Queen Victoria was a miniature crown created at the request of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom in 1870. It was perhaps the crown most associated with Queen Victoria. Such was the association that it, and not either the traditional St. Edward's Crown or her own Imperial State Crown, was placed on her coffin before her funeral.

Origins

Following the death of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Victoria's husband, in 1861, Queen Victoria withdrew from public life and wore widow's weeds, which she continued to wear until her death in 1901. Under government pressure she came back into public view in 1870. However she did not wish to wear her "Imperial State Crown" again, partly because she found it very heavy and uncomfortable to wear, and partly because it would have been impossible to wear with her mourning veil. The new small crown was created as a replacement. Because of its size it could be worn on top of her veil, so meeting both the ceremonial needs of the British monarchy and her own desired form of dress as a widow.

Design

The crown followed standard design for British crowns. It was made up of four half-arches, which met at a monde, on which sat a cross. Each half-arch ran from the monde down to a cross pattee along the band at the bottom. Between each cross pattee was a fleur-de-lis.

However because of its small size (9 centimetres across and 10 centimetres high) Victoria's small diamond crown possesses no internal cloth cap.

The crown was manufactured by R & S Garrard & Company.

Jewels

The crown itself is made of silver. It contains 1,187 diamonds. Diamonds, unlike coloured stones, were seen as permissible to wear in mourning. The diamonds all came from a necklace owned by Queen Victoria.

Usage

Queen Victoria first used the new crown at the State Opening of Parliament in Westminster on 9 February 1871. It was worn by her on all state occasions after that date where she was required to wear a crown.

After Victoria

The small diamond crown had technically belonged to Queen Victoria personally, rather than to the British Crown, and thus was not part of the British Crown Jewels. In her will Victoria left it to the British Crown. It was subsequently worn on occasions by the Queen consort, Alexandra of Denmark (1901-1910) and after her by the next Queen consort, Mary of Teck. After the death of Mary's husband, George V the crown ceased to be worn by her. When the new Queen consort, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon decided not to wear the small diamond crown it was deposited in the Jewel House in the Tower of London in 1937, where it remains on show.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crown of Queen Alexandra — Queen Alexandra wearing her crown in her coronation photograph. The European style crown contained more half arches than was usual in British crowns, and had its cap placed lower, allowing a clear view through the crown. The Crown of Queen… …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of Queen Mary — Queen Mary wearing her crown, minus its arches, as a circlet. The Crown of Queen Mary was the consort crown of Mary of Teck, Queen Consort of King George V of the United Kingdom. It was manufactured for the coronation of George and Mary in 1911.… …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of Queen Elizabeth — The Crown of the Queen Mother is the platinum crown manufactured for, and worn by, Queen Elizabeth, the former Lady Elizabeth Bowes Lyon, the queen consort of King George VI of the United Kingdom at their coronation in Westminster Abbey in 1937.… …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of Queen Adelaide — Lithograph of the crown of Queen Adelaide. The Crown of Queen Adelaide was the consort crown of Adelaide of Saxe Meiningen, wife and Queen consort of King William IV of the United Kingdom. It was used at the coronation of William and Adelaide in… …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of Queen Elisabeta of Romania — The Crown of Queen Elisabeta was made at the Arsenalul Armatei from gold. It has the same decorations as the King s Crown; it too was made after the War of Independence (1877 1878). H. M. Queen Elisabeta wore it for the first time on the occasion …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of Queen Maria of Romania — This crown is made of gold from Transylvania. It was manufactured with the occasion of the coronation of King Ferdinand I and Queen Maria in 1922 at Alba Iulia. External links Presentation of the crown …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of Queen Maria Josepha — Silver regalia of King Augustus III of Poland and Queen Maria Josepha Crown of Maria Josepha was made for Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria, wife of King Augustus III of Poland, for her coronation as Polish queen in 1734. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Queen Victoria — For other uses, see Queen Victoria (disambiguation). Victoria …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of Scotland — (Heraldry). The Crown of Scotland is the crown used at the coronation of the monarchs of Scotland. Remade in its current form for King James V of Scotland in 1540, the crown is part of the Honours of Scotland, the oldest set of …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of Bavaria — Crown of Bavaria. The Crown of the King of Bavaria was ordered and designed 1804 1807 for Maximilian I after Napoleon had raised Bavaria to kingdom status. It was commissioned to the French goldsmith Jean Baptiste de Lasne, who d …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.