List of conflicts in the Arab League

List of conflicts in the Arab League

This is a list of post-colonial military conflicts within the Arab League region.

Arab-Israeli conflict

*1948 Arab-Israeli War
*1956 Suez War
*1967 Six Day War
*1970 War of Attrition
*1973 Yom Kippur War
*1982 Lebanon War
*1987-1993 First Intifada
*1982-2000 South Lebanon conflict
*2000-2007 al-Aqsa Intifada
*2006 Lebanon War

Jordan-Syria tensions

As part of the broader tensions between monarchical, pro-Western governments and Nasserite, socialist governments, the Syrian governments of the sixties were opposed to the Jordanian monarchy; in 1960, the assassination of the Jordanian prime minister Hazza al-Majali was blamed on Syria (at the time, the United Arab Republic.) Tensions increased further after King Hussein ended official support for the PLO in 1966; in September 1970, a Syrian military unit crossed into Jordan to aid the PLO against the Jordanian army (see Black September in Jordan). The Syrian force was repulsed, but relations remained tense and were severed in July 1971. In 1975, Jordan and Syria attempted to put aside past hostilities between them and create a new alliance. In 1979, King Hussein of Jordan proposed an alternative to the Camp David accords to which of Syria strongly objected; this marked the beginning of a rapid deterioration in Jordanian-Syrian relations. In 1979 Syria accused the Kingdom of Jordan of supporting the Muslim Brotherhood's attacks against Assad's government. Since then the tensions have dissipated and now relations between the two countries are normal.

=Black September=

*PLO-Jordanian government war in September 1970.
*PLO militia attempt to overthrow current Hashemite government through armed force.
*Conflict results in heavy Palestinian casualties and ban on Palestinians joining Jordanian army.

Lebanese civil war

(1975–1990) Because of religious and ethnic tensions, the country became socially unstable. Interference from the outside, mainly Western, exacerbated the situation and caused a civil war. The civil war spanned over two decades and grabbed the attention of the world through abductions of Westerners. Ultimately the United Nations decided to intervene. By trial and error the situation ultimately got under control, but tensions still rest in the Lebanese society, and although the war ended, the risk of civil war is still present.

Iraq-Kuwait clashes

Kuwait and Iraq had a serious territorial dispute that led to armed warfare in 1973 and again in 1976. Iraq wanted Kuwait's oil and ports, and argued that Kuwait was rightfully theirs due to pre-British imperial boundaries. In 1990 Iraq occupied Kuwait, but was expelled in 1991.
* April 1967 Iraq-Kuwait conflict in Al-Ratqa, Kuwait
* March 1973 Iraq-Kuwait conflict in Al-Sameta, Kuwait
* 1976 Iraq-Kuwait conflict in Al-Sameta, Kuwait
* 1990-1991 The invasion of Kuwait by Iraq (Gulf War)

The Iran–Iraq War

Sometimes called the First Persian Gulf War. In this war Syria entered on the side of Iran, against Iraq, with aid and supplies. All other Arab countries except for Libya, the United States and Western World, as well as the USSR and Warsaw pact supported Iraq, imposing embargoes on Iran.The war ended after 8 years, when after Iraq, Iran accepted a resolution of the UN asking for the halt of military activities. The frontiers were re-established to those before the war.

Gulf War and aftermath

* 1990-1991 Gulf War:During the Gulf War, a United Nations force led by the United States restored Kuwaiti sovereignty after the 1990 Iraqi invasion.

Between the 1991 and 2003 wars, the US, UK, and (until 1996) France continued to enforce no-fly zones over large areas of Iraq, to protect Shiite and Kurdish Iraqis from air attacks by the Iraqi government. Many people of Iraq and other countries considered this to be a continuous invasion of Iraqi airspace, and thus, one war from 1991-2003. The United Nations ran a maritime blockade Iraq's Persian Gulf oil ports between the two wars, to enforce sanctions in response to Iraq's refusal to comply fully with UN inspections, to verify that it no longer had weapons of mass destruction. Some of the engagements included:
*Operation Desert Strike
*Operation Desert Fox

Dhofar Rebellion

1962-1975 The Dhofar Rebellion was launched in the province of Dhofar against the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman and Britain from 1962 to 1975. It ended with the defeat of the rebels, but the state of Oman had to be radically reformed and modernized to cope with the campaign.

Iraq War

*2003-present Iraq War:In 2003, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Poland invaded and occupied Iraq after a dispute over the status of the Iraqi Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical weapons programs. This war is sometimes known as the Second Gulf War.

Fatah al-Islam and Nahr al-Bared

In May 2007, a skirmish between Fatah al-Islam, an Islamist group, and the Lebanese Army evolved into a three-month siege of the Palestinian refugee camp Nahr al-Bared in which more than 400 people died.

Morocco-Algeria conflict

Morocco and Algeria entered into armed conflict in the 1963 Sand War. Morocco claimed the regions of Bechar and Tindouf that France had attached to what was the French overseas department of Algeria, respectively in 1934 and 1952. After independence, Algeria insisted that the frontiers inherited from Colonialism should not be altered. This three-month war did not change the status quo ante, but tension remained strong between the two countries, later to be cemented through Algeria's support for the Polisario Front in the Western Sahara conflict.

Libya-Chad conflict

In 1973 Libya effectively went to war against Chad and annexed Chadian land. Libya launched a full scale invasion of Chad in 1980.

Libya-Egypt conflict

Following Egypt's first negotiations with Israel in 1973, Libya became hostile to Egypt. In 1977, not long after demonstrators in the two countries attacked each other's consulates, the two countries fought a four-day war (July 21-July 24) during which several Libyan aircraft were destroyed on the ground. The war ended with no change to the "status quo ante".

Western Sahara conflict

Western Sahara, formerly a Spanish colony, was partitioned and annexed by Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, in application of the Madrid Accords. The UN has called for the self-determination of the population of the territory. In 1979, Mauritania had been effectively defeated by the Polisario Front nationalist group, and withdrew its claims, upon which Morocco claimed the whole territory. Algeria backed the Polisario against Morocco both militarily and diplomatically. The Polisario Front declared an exile government, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, in 1976, but most of the area remains in Morocco's hands, behind the Moroccan Berm. A cease-fire has been in place since the 1991 Settlement Plan, and ongoing negotiations including UN backed attempted to organize a referendum on final status of the territory have continued since. However, both parties have refused to substantially compromise on their respective positions(see Baker Plan). As of mid-2007, the kingdom of Morocco and the Polisario Front are directly negotiating an issue to the conflict. In 2005 a series of demonstrations and riots struck the contested provinces.

Morocco-Spain conflict

In what it views as a case of unfinished decolonization, Morocco claims the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, as well as Perejil Island (Layla Island). In 2002, the Moroccan army briefly occupied the uninhabited Perejil Island, but left without fighting shortly afterwards, when Spain sent in soldiers.

Islamic insurgency in Saudi Arabia

The Insurgency in Saudi Arabia is an armed conflict in Saudi Arabia between radical Islamic fighters, against the House of Saud. Their targets include foreign civilians—mainly Westerners affiliated with its oil-based economy—as well as Saudi civilians and security forces. While the current insurgency started in 2000 and escalated in 2003, attacks have occurred in Saudi Arabia dating back to 1995.

Somali Civil War

1986 - present, caused of the intervention of several Nations, including USA, Ethiopia, and other Arab Neighboring countries.

First Sudanese Civil War

conflict from 1955 to 1972 between the northern part of Sudan and a south that demanded more regional autonomy. Half a million people died over the 17 years of war, which may be divided into three stages: initial guerrilla war, Anyanya and South Sudan Liberation Movement.

Second Sudanese Civil War

Started in 1983, The south of Sudan seeking independence, the crisis ended in 2005 with the southern parts of Sudan gaining autonomy with planned referendum on secession.

War in Darfur

Water crisis that turns into (as the US government refers to) genocide.

North Yemen Civil War

1962–1970, where it was more of a power of Control in the Arab world, where Saudi-Jordanian, were fighting against Egyptian-Syrians.

1994 civil war in Yemen

The May-July 1994 civil war in Yemen was waged between the Yemeni government in Sana'a and Yemen Socialist Party (YSP) supporters, fighting for the secession of the southern part of Yemen . The war resulted in the defeat of the southern armed forces and the flight into exile of most of the YSP leaders and other southern secessionists.

Sa'dah conflict

2004-2007, The Sa'dah conflict began in June 2004 when dissident cleric Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi, head of the Shī‘a Zeidi sect, launched an uprising against the Yemeni government. Most of the fighting has taken place in Sa'dah Governorate in Northwestern Yemen. The Yemeni government accused the Iranian government of directing and financing the insurgency

ee also

*List of conflicts in the Middle East
*List of conflicts in the Maghreb
*List of conflicts in the Horn of Africa
*List of conflicts in Asia
*List of conflicts in Africa

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