Cinzano


Cinzano
Cinzano
Cinzano logo.svg
Type Vermouth
Owner Gruppo Campari (since 1999)
Country  Italy
Introduced 1757
Markets Available worldwide
Previous owners Cinzano International S.A.,
Grand Metropolitan (1992-97),
Diageo (1997-99)
Website http://www.camparigroup.com/en/brands/cinzano.jsp

Cinzano is an Italian brand of vermouth, a brand owned since 1999 by Gruppo Campari.[1] It comes in four versions:

  • Cinzano Rosso,[2] which is amber-coloured;[3]
  • Cinzano Bianco, which is white and drier than Rosso, yet still considered a sweet vermouth;[3]
  • Cinzano Extra Dry, a dry vermouth;[3]
  • Cinzano Rosé, the newest of the four, rosy-coloured with orange highlights[3]

History

Cinzano vermouths date back to 1757 and the Turin herbal shop of two brothers, Giovanni Giacomo and Carlo Stefano Cinzano, who created a new "vermouth rosso" (red vermouth) using "aromatic plants from the Italian Alps in a [still-secret] recipe combining 35 ingredients (including marjoram, thyme and [a species of Achillea called] musk yarrow)".[2] What became known as the "vermouth of Turin" proved popular with the bourgeoisie of Turin and, later, Casanova.[2]

Cinzano Bianco followed, based on a different combination of herbs that included artemisia (wormwood), cinnamon, cloves, citrus and gentian; it was followed by an Extra Dry version.[2] Exports began in the 1890s, to Argentina, Brazil and the USA, among others.[2] In Paris in 1912, Cinzano was the first product to be advertised with a neon sign.[citation needed]

Cinzano remained a family-run business until 1985. Beginning that year, the Marone family, Turin industrialists, began to sell shares in the business, culminating in 1992 with an agreement to turn Cinzano International S.A. entirely over to International Distillers and Vintners Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Grand Metropolitan.[4] At the time of its sale, Cinzano's share of the vermouth market in Europe was measured in the low single digits, sales that placed it a distant second to Martini.[4]

As a result of a 1997 merger, Grand Metropolitan became Diageo; two years later, Diageo sold Cinzano to the privately held Gruppo Campari.[2][5]

References


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