Pydna


Pydna

:"Pydna is also a rocket station of the American Army in Germany, see Pydna (rocket station)"

Infobox Greek Dimos
name = Pydna
name_local = Πύδνα


periph = Central Macedonia
prefec = Pieria
province =
population = 4012
population_as_of = 2001
population_ref = [http://www.statistics.gr/gr_tables/S1101_SAP_1_TB_DC_01_03_Y.pdf source]
pop_dens =
area =
elevation = 78
lat_deg = 40
lat_min = 22
lat_hem = N
lon_deg = 22
lon_min = 35
lon_hem = E
postal_code = 600 64
area_code = 23510
licence = KN
mayor =
website =


caption_skyline =
city_

city_

districts =
party =
since =
elevation_min =
elevation_max =

Pydna (in Greek: Πύδνα, older transliteration: Púdna), also Pidna was a Greek city in ancient Macedon, the most important in Pieria. Modern Pydna is a rural municipality and coastal town in the northeastern part of the Prefecture of Pieria. Pydna is situated in fertile land to the north of the Pierian plain. Hills and mountains dominate the west, while beaches and the Thermian Gulf dominate the east. Pydna is linked with GR-1/E75 through its interchange to its west and in Kitros. The old highway ran through Pydna. It is located N of Larissa, NE of Katerini, ESE of Veria and WSW of Thessaloniki.

Nearest places

*Methone, north
*Korinos, southwest
*Katerini, southwest (County Town)

Ancient Pydna

Pydna was founded by Euboeans in early 7th century BC.
Alexander I took the city (Thucydides I.131.1), but later Pydna regained its independence. It was besieged by the Athenians in 432 BC. Pydna was brought back under Macedonian rule in 410 BC by Archelaus, who reestablished the city twenty stadia further inland (Diodorus of Sicily 13.14). The Athenians seized Pydna in 364 BC, only to have it retaken eight years later by Philip II of Macedon, in spite of a secret agreement that bound it to Athens. Pydna was raided by Alexander the Great on his march on Persia. All 5 treasuries were looted and burned. Cassander besieged and captured Pydna in 317 BC and had the queen mother, Olympias, who had taken refuge there, put to death.

The Battle of Pydna (June 22, 168 BC), in which the Roman general Aemilius Paulus defeated King Perseus, ended the reign of the Antigonid dynasty over Macedon.

The site of the city is disputed but may correspond, according to epigraphic evidence agreeing with Byzantine tradition, to the village of Kitros rather than to Alonia.

Pydna is the location of a Macedonian tomb discovered and explored by Léon Heuzey during his archaeological expedition in 1867.

Modern Pydna

Pydna today is a town that is located near the archaeological site.

Other

Pydna has Primary and Secondary schools, banks, a post office, sports facilities, beaches located to the east, and traditional Greek "Plateia" - town and village "squares". ("plateies").

Historical population

References

*Léon Heuzey, H. Daumet, "Mission archéologique de Macédoine" ("Archaeological Mission in Macedonia"), Paris, 1876, 239-266.
*R. Danoff, "RE" s. v. "Pydna", Suppl. X (1965), 833-842.

External links

* [http://www.livius.org Livius] , [http://www.livius.org/ps-pz/pydna/pydna.html Pydna] by Jona Lendering (ancient history of Pydna)
* [http://www.culture.gr/2/21/211/21116/e211pa13.html Ancient Pydna]
*http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0840609.html
* [http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?tb=1&city=Pydna&country=GR Mapquest - Pydna] , street map not yet available
* [http://www.musesnet.gr/etimes/BATTLE%20OF%20PYDNA.htm] The Battle of Pydna
* [http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/macedonianwars/articles/pydna.aspx The Third Macedonian War and the Battle of Pydna (168 BC)] by John Foss

See also

*Communities of Pieria


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pydna — ist die Bezeichnung einer Hafenstadt des antiken Makedonien, siehe Pydna (Makedonien) einer Gemeinde in Griechenland, siehe Pydna Kolindros einer Schlacht, die dort stattgefunden hat, siehe Schlacht von Pydna einer Raketenbasis im Hunsrück, siehe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pydna — (a. Geogr.), Stadt in der macedonischen Provinz Pieria, am Fuße des Olokros; sie war von Griechen gegründet; früh den Macedoniern unterworfen, wurde sie später von Philippos dem Großen vergrößert u. stark befestigt; hier 168 v. Chr. Niederlage… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pydna — (heute Paläo Kitros), Stadt in der mazedon. Landschaft Piërien, am Thermaischen Meerbusen, von ionischen Griechen gegründet, 411 weiter landeinwärts verlegt, 357 an Philipp von Mazedonien verraten, später Zufluchtsort für Olympias, die Mutter… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pydna — Pydna, Stadt in Mazedonien, jetzt Kitros; hier 168 v. Chr. Sieg der Römer unter Ämilius über König Perseus von Mazedonien …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pydna — Pydna, auch Citron, macedonische Stadt unweit der thessalischen Gränze; Niederlage des Perseus durch Aemilius Paulus 168 v. Chr …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Pýdna — Pýdna, batalla de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • PYDNA — Macedoniae oppid. Ptolem. Chitro Sophiano, adhuc urbs ampla, prope ostia Aliacmonis, et Sinum Thermaicum, 50. mill. pass. a Thessalonica in Meridiem …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Pydna — [pid′nə] ancient city in Macedonia, near the Gulf of Salonika: scene of a battle (168 B.C. ) of the final Roman defeat of the Macedonians …   English World dictionary

  • Pydna — Localisation de Pydna Pydna (en grec ancien Πύδνα / Púdna) est une ville grecque de Macédoine antique, la plus importante de Piérie. Elle appartient déjà au Royaume de Macédoine sous Alexandre Ier (Thucydide I, 137, 1), retrouve ensuite son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pydna — noun a major victory by the Romans over the Macedonians in 168 BC; resulted in the downfall of the ancient Macedonian kingdom • Syn: ↑Battle of Pydna • Regions: ↑Macedon, ↑Macedonia, ↑Makedonija • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle …   Useful english dictionary


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