9th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)


9th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 9th Infantry Brigade
abbreviation= 9th Inf Bde
Caption=
dates=
country= Great Britain
allegiance=
branch= British Army
type= Regular Infantry
role=
size= Brigade
command_structure= British 3rd Infantry Division
equipment=
Past Commanders=
ceremonial_chief=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
notable_commanders=Brian Gwynne Horrocks
identification_symbol= Black Triangle with a smaller inverted Red Triangle inside
identification_symbol_2=
nickname=
patron=
motto=
colors=
march=
mascot=
battles=
anniversaries=
decorations=
battle_honours=

History

The Brigade together with 8th Infantry Brigade and 185th Infantry Brigade formed the 3rd Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and participated in the ill-fated British Expeditionary Force , which evacuated from Dunkirk early in World War II.

After the evacuation, the Brigade spent four years training in the UK, in preparation for an eventual assault landing in Europe.

The Third Division was the first British division to land at Sword Beach on D-Day and fought through the Battle of Normandy, the Netherlands and later the invasion of Germany.

During the often intense fighting from Sword Beach to Bremen, the Division suffered 2,586 killed. [cite book
last = Delaforce
first = Patrick
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Monty's Iron Sides
publisher = Allan Sutton Publishing
date = 1995
location = Stroud, Gloucestershire
pages = p.206
url =
doi =
id = ISBN 0-7509-0781-9
]

Brigade Units

*2nd Battalion, the Lincolnshire Regiment
*1st Battalion, the King's Own Scottish Borderers
*2nd Battalion, the Royal Ulster Rifles

Sword Beach

Sword Beach was the codename of one of the five main landing beaches in "Operation Neptune", the initial assault phase of "Operation Overlord", the Allied invasion of Normandy on 6 June 1944.

Stretching 8 km from Ouistreham to Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer it was the furthest east of the landing points and around 15 km from Caen. The landing site was divided into four zones - Oboe, Peter, Queen and Roger (west-east). The German defences consisted of beach obstacles, anti-tank ditches, mines, machineguns and mortars at the beaches and across the River Orne at Merville there were heavy guns. The defending troops belonged to the German 716th Static Infantry Division and could call on the support of the nearby 21st Panzer division. The landing forces were the British I Corps, comprising British 3rd Infantry Division and the 27th Armoured Brigade.

As well as being the furthest east of the landing beaches, Sword Beach was also the smallest, only wide enough for a brigade-sized landing force. 3rd British Division had the task of getting enough troops ashore to push inland quickly and seize Caen, and link up with 6th Airborne Division.

Sword Beach experienced the only counter-attack by the Germans on June 6th. British troops had been unable to link up with the Canadians on Juno beach, as had been planned and they were attacked by the German 21st Panzer Division, who were veterans of the Western Desert Campaign. The 192nd Panzer Grenadier Regiment had reached Sword Beach by 2000 hours but were subject to aerial attacks and were destroyed by the R.A.F and the tanks of the 27th Armoured Brigade which had landed on Sword.

By the end of the day, 29,000 men had been landed at Sword with 630 casualties. Allied forces had advanced about four miles inland ,the situation was stable and a link up with the Canadians on Juno had been established. However the major objective of Caen which was to have been captured on D Day still evaded them.

The Brigade went on to fight at Bourguebus Ridge , Mont Pincon , the Nederrijn , the Rhineland , and across the Rhine River.

References


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