Job (role)


Job (role)

A job is a regular activity performed in exchange for payment. A person usually begins a job by becoming an employee, volunteering, or starting a business. The duration of a job may range from an hour (in the case of odd jobs) to a lifetime (in the case of some judges). If a person is trained for a certain type of job, they may have a profession. The series of jobs a person holds in their life is their career.

Contents

Jobs for people

Most people spend a good portion of their time doing a regular occupation. Some exceptions are being a student, disabled, or retired.

Types of Jobs

There are a variety of jobs: full time, part time, temporary, odd jobs, seasonal, self-employment.

People may have a chosen occupation for which they have received training or a degree.

Those who do not hold down a steady job may do odd jobs or be unemployed.

Day job

A day job is an occupation a person works in to make ends meet while performing low-paying (or non-paying) work in their preferred vocation. Archetypal examples of this are the woman who works as a waitress (her day job) while she tries to become an actress, and the professional athlete who works as a laborer in the off season because he is currently only able to make the roster of a semi-professional team.

While many people do hold a full-time occupation, "day job" specifically refers to those who hold the position solely to pay living expenses so they can pursue, through low paying entry work, the job they really want (which may also be during the day). The phrase strongly implies that the day job would be quit, if only the real vocation paid a living wage.

Notable figures who had day jobs include the Wright brothers, who held full-time employment as bicycle repairmen while they experimented on powered flights.[citation needed]

The phrase "don't quit your day job" is a humorous response to a poor or mediocre performance not up to professional caliber. The phrase implies that the performer is not talented enough in that activity to be able to make a career out of it.

Getting a Job

Getting a first job is an important rite of passage in many cultures. Youth may start by doing household work, odd jobs, or working for a family business. In many countries, school children get summer jobs during the longer summer vacation. Students enrolled in higher education can apply for internships.

Résumés summarize a person's education and job experience for potential employers. Employers read job candidate résumés to decide who to interview for an open position.

Use of the word

Labourers often talk of "getting a job", or "having a job". This conceptual metaphor of a "job" as a possession has led to its use in slogans such as "money for jobs, not bombs". Similar conceptions are that of "land" as a possession (real estate) or intellectual rights as a possession (intellectual property).

The Online Etymology Dictionary explains that the origin of "job" is from the obsolete phrase "jobbe of work" in the sense of "piece of work", and most dictionaries list the Middle English "gobbe" meaning "lump" (gob) as the origin of "jobbe". Attempts to link the word to the biblical character Job seem to be folk etymology.[citation needed]

Job opening

In economics, a vacancy or job opening refers to a job offered by a firm that wishes to hire a worker.

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Job enlargement — means increasing the scope of a job through extending the range of its job duties and responsibilities. This contradicts the principles of specialisation and the division of labour whereby work is divided into small units, each of which is… …   Wikipedia

  • Job interview — Oakland, California. Hanging Around. The total time spent in actual interviews while hunting a job takes only a small part of the day; unwilling to go home these youths spend most of their day hanging around and talking with other job hunters.… …   Wikipedia

  • Job — may refer to:* a joe (role) served by a person or thing: ** Employment, where a person is in a long term relationship performing a service for an employer ** Occupation (economic), where a person performs a certain role over a long period ***… …   Wikipedia

  • job — 1 vb jobbed, job·bing vi 1: to do odd or occasional pieces of work for hire 2: to carry on the business of a middleman or wholesaler vt 1: to buy and sell (as stock) for profit 2: to hire or let by the j …   Law dictionary

  • JOB, BOOK OF — (named for its hero (Heb. אִיּוֹב), ancient South Arabian and Thamudic yʾb; Old Babylonian Ayyābum, Tell el Amarna tablet, no. 256, line 6, A ia ab; either from yʾb, to bear ill will or compounded of ay where? and ʾab (divine) father ), one of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JOB — JACQUES MARIE GASTON ONFROY DE BRÉVILLE dit (1858 1931) Né à Bar le Duc, Jacques de Bréville commence à signer Job dès son enfance crayonneuse au collège Stanislas. D’un milieu familial peu ouvert à la République naissante, il hérite d’une pensée …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • JOB, TESTAMENT OF — (Gr. Διαθήκη τοῦ Ιωβ), Greek pseudepigraphon purporting to reveal the secrets and last wishes of job . In its present form the Testament of Job is closely linked with the Greco Jewish historian aristeas , who flourished about 100 B.C.E., and with …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Job Cohen — in March 2010 Parliamentary leader Labour Party House of Representatives of the Netherlands Incumbent …   Wikipedia

  • Job control — in computing refers to the control of multiple tasks or Jobs on a computer system, ensuring that they each have access to adequate resources to perform correctly, that competition for limited resources does not cause a deadlock where two or more… …   Wikipedia

  • Job fraud — refers to fraudulent or deceptive activity or representation on the part of an employee or prospective employee toward an employer. It is not to be confused with employment fraud , in which a posing employer scams one who is seeking a job or else …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.