- Sena dynasty
The dynasty's founder was
Hemanta Sen, who was part of the Pala Dynastyuntil their empire began to weaken. He usurped power and styled himself king in 1095 AD. His successor Vijay Sen(ruled from 1096 AD to 1159 AD) helped lay the foundations of the dynasty, and had an unusually long reign of over 60 years. Ballal Senaconquered Gour from the Palaand expanded his empire. Lakshman Sensucceeded Ballal Senin 1179 and ruled Bengal from Nabadwip for approximately 20 years. It was during the rule of Lakshman Senthat the caste system was enforced again.
In 1203-1204 AD, the Turkish general Muhammed Bakhtiyar Khilji attacked Nabadwip. Though he defeated
Lakshman Sen, but failed to conquer Bengal.
The Sena rulers were Hindus. During this period, there Buddhism that had dominated Bengal for centuries was in decline due to the loss of its institutions at Nalanada, Vikramshila etc. [http://www.thdl.org/texts/reprints/bot/bot_06_02_03.pdf Taranatha's History] (see
Islam in Bangladesh). The dynasty is famous for building Hindu temples and monasteries including the famous Dhakeshwari Templein Dhaka, Bangladesh. The Sena Dynastywas also a great patrons of literature. During the rule of Pala Dynastyand Sena Dynasty, major growth of Bengali was witnessed. The famous poet of Bengal, Jaideva, was one of the "Pancharatnas" (meaning 5 gems) in the court of Lakshman Sen. The Gita Govinda, one of the finest literary works in Sanskrit, was composed by Jaideva.
Sena Dynasty, the Deva Dynasty, ruled in eastern part of Bengal. The Deva Dynasty was probably the last independent Hindudynasty of Bengal.
The Sen rulers
*Hemanta Sen (
*Vijay Sen (
Ballal Sen( 1159- 1179AD)
Lakshman Sen( 1179- 1206AD)
*Vishvarup Sen (
*Keshab Sen (
* [http://a-bangladesh.com/banglapedia/HT/S_0199.htm Banglapedia Sena Dynasty]
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Sena Dynasty — The origin of the Sena dynasty of Bengal may be traced to a group of migrant warriors hailing from Karnataka. Some time in the beginning of the 12th century, one of them, Vijayasena (1095 1108), established a principality in west Bengal that… … Historical dictionary of Medieval India
Sena Dynasty — ▪ Indian dynasty Indian dynasty ruling in Bengal in the 11th and 12th centuries. Their ancestors came from the south and established themselves as chieftains in southwestern Bengal early in the 11th century. Hemantasena, the founder of the… … Universalium
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Dynastie Sena — সেন (bn) vers 1070 – 1230 Informations générales Capitale Nabadwip Religion Bouddhisme, Hindouisme Histoire et évènements vers 1070 Hemantasena fonde la dynastei, vassale … Wikipédia en Français
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