- South Australian English
South Australian English is the collective name given to the varieties of English spoken in the
Australian Stateof South Australia. As with the other regional varieties within Australian English, these have distinctive vocabularies. To a lesser degree there are also some differences in phonology(pronunciation).
Australian Broadcasting Corporationand the Macquarie Dictionarystate that there are three localised, regional varieties of English in South Australia: "Adelaide English", "Eyre and Yorke Peninsula English" and "Northern South Australia English". While there are many commonalities, each has its own variations in vocabulary. [ [http://abc.net.au/wordmap/default.htm ABC Wordmap] ]
While some of the words attributed to South Australians are used elsewhere in Australia, many genuine regional words are used throughout the state. Some of these are German in origin, reflecting the origins of many early
settlers. Such was the concentration of German speakers in and around the Barossa Valley, it has been suggested they spoke their own dialect of German, known as " Barossa German". The influence of South Australia's German heritage is evidenced by the adoption into the dialect of certain German or German-influenced vocabulary. One such local word with German origins is "butcher", the name given to a 200 ml (7 fl.oz.) beer glass, which is believed to be derived from the German "becher", meaning a cup or mug. [ [http://www.abc.net.au/rn/arts/ling/stories/s1052272.htm ABC Radio National, "Lingua Franca", 28/02/2004, "South Australian Words"] ]
Another uniquely South Australian word is "
stobie pole", which is the pole used to support power and telephone lines. It was invented in South Australia by James Stobie in 1924.
South Australian dialects also preserve other British English usages which do not occur elsewhere in Australia: for example, farmers use "reap" and "reaping", as well as "harvest" and "harvesting".
In terms of phonology, usage of /aː/ (the "long a") as opposed to /æ/ ("short a") in words like graph, chance, demand, dance, castle, grasp and contrast is far more common in South Australia than in other regions. [Crystal, D. (1995). "Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language". Cambridge University Press.] In some cases this is a sharp distinction. For example, a survey of pronunciation in different cities found that 86% of those surveyed in Adelaide pronounced graph with an /aː/, whereas 100% of those surveyed in Hobart and 70% of those surveyed in Melbourne used /æ/.
It is sometimes claimed that South Australians have a distinct regional accent. One way in which this is manifested is the phenomenon known as the "dark-l", such that the "l" is vocalised; for example, "milk" sounds like "miwk" and "hill" sounds like "hiw". [ Dorothy Jauncey, "Bardi Grubs and Frog Cakes — South Australian Words", Oxford University Press (2004) ISBN 0-19-551770-9 ] A back
allophoneof IPA|/ʉː/, [ʊː] — pronouncing "pool" as a longer form of "pull" — is occasionally attributed purely to South Australians, but is widespread in other regions of Australia. In a similar vein, Cultivated Australian English accents, such as that of Alexander Downer, are mistakenly attributed to South Australians in general. However such speech patterns are a sociolect, and are used by some people in all parts of Australia.
Regional variation in Australian English
Australian English phonology
*Other regional varieties:
Western Australian English
* [http://www.anu.edu.au/andc/ozwords/May_2004/jauncey.html "Dorothy Jauncey, 2004, "South Australia—'Kind of Different'?" ]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
South African English — (SAE, en ZA [en ZA is the language code for South African English , as defined by ISO standards (see ISO 639 1 and ISO 3166 1 alpha 2) and Internet standards (see IETF language tag).] ) is a dialect of English spoken in South Africa and in… … Wikipedia
Australian English — (AusE, AuE, AusEng, en AU) is the name given to the group of dialects spoken in Australia that form a major variety of the English language. English is the primary language spoken throughout Australia … Wikipedia
Australian English phonology — Australian English is a non rhotic variety of English spoken by most native born Australians. Phonologically, it is one of the most regionally homogeneous language varieties in the world. As with most dialects of English, it is distinguished… … Wikipedia
Australian English vocabulary — Many works giving an overview of Australian English have been published; many of these are humour books designed for tourists or as novelties. One of the first was Karl Lentzner s Dictionary of the Slang English of Australia and of Some Mixed… … Wikipedia
South Australian Certificate of Education — The South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE) is the diploma given to students who have completed Years 11 and 12 of their secondary schooling in the state of South Australia. It is administered by the Senior Secondary Assessment Board of… … Wikipedia
South Australian Lodge of Friendship — The Province of South Australia was established by an Act of the British Parliament and was assented to by King William IV on 15 August 1834. Freemasonry became included in the plans for the proposed new settlement with the establishment of a new … Wikipedia
South Australian Derby — The South Australian Derby is an Australian Group 1 thoroughbred horse race for three year olds, at set weights, held at Morphettville Racecourse in Adelaide.It is run each year in April. Before 2006 it was held in May. The race is contested over … Wikipedia
south australian — I. adjective Usage: usually capitalized S&A Etymology: South Australia + English an, adjective suffix 1. : of, relating to, or characteristic of South Australia 2. : of, relating to, or characteristic of the South Australians II … Useful english dictionary
Western Australian English — Western Australian English, or West Australian English, is the collective name given to the variety or varieties of English spoken in the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). As with the other regional varieties within Australian English,… … Wikipedia
Regional variation in Australian English — It is sometimes claimed that regional variations in pronunciation and accent of Australian English exist, but if present at all they are very small compared to those of British, Irish and North American English ndash; sufficiently so that… … Wikipedia