Golden Crescent


Golden Crescent

The Golden Crescent is the name given to Asia's principal area of illicit opium production, located at the crossroads of Central, South, and Western Asia. This space overlaps three nations, Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan, whose mountainous peripheries define the crescent.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) heroin production estimates for the past 10 years show significant changes in the primary source areas. Heroin production in Southeast Asia declined dramatically, while heroin production in Southwest Asia expanded.cite web | title = Interpol: Drugs Sub-Directorate: Heroin | url = http://www.interpol.com/Public/Drugs/heroin/default.asp | year = 2007 | accessdate = 2007-07-05 | publisher = Interpol ] In 1991, Afghanistan became the world's primary opium producer, with a yield of 1,782 metric tons (U.S. State Department estimates), surpassing Myanmar, formerly the world leader in opium production. The decrease in heroin production from Myanmar is the result of several years of unfavorable growing conditions and new government policies of forced eradication. Afghan heroin production increased during the same time frame, with a notable decrease in 2001 allegedly as a result of the Taliban's fatwa against heroin production. Afghanistan now produces over 90% of the world's opium.

History

The Golden Crescent has a much longer history of opium production than does Southeast Asia's Golden Triangle, even though the Golden Crescent emerged as a modern-day opium-producing entity only in the 1970s, after the Golden Triangle did so in the 1950s.

Markets

Although the Golden Triangle heroin dominates the Asian illegal drug markets, the Golden Crescent is increasingly becoming a source of illicit drugs trafficked into western China, particularly the nearby Xinjiang Province.

See also

* Opium production in Afghanistan

References

External links

* [http://www.geopium.org Geopium: Geopolitics of Illicit Drugs in Asia]
* [http://www.unodc.org/pdf/Afgh_drugindustry_Nov06.pdf UN Report: Afghanistan’s Drug Industry] (PDF, 223 pages)
* [http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/0,,contentMDK:21133060~pagePK:146736~piPK:146830~theSitePK:223547,00.html Afghanistan: Drug Industry and Counter-Narcotics Policy] , World Bank


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Golden Crescent — opium production area along borders of Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Golden Crescent — three major heroin producing nations (Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Golden Crescent Regional Planning Commission — The Golden Crescent Regional Planning Commission (GCRPC) is a voluntary association of cities, counties and special districts in southern Texas.Based in Victoria, the Golden Crescent Regional Planning Commission is a member of the Texas… …   Wikipedia

  • Summit Golden Crescent — (Гангток,Индия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Sichey, Coopertaive, 737101 Гангток …   Каталог отелей

  • Crescent — For other uses, see Crescent (disambiguation). An example of an artistic crescent in this case a large circle with a smaller one removed …   Wikipedia

  • Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia) — The Golden Triangle is one of Asia s two main illicit opium producing areas. It is an area of around 350,000 square kilometres that overlaps the mountains of four countries of Southeast Asia: Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Vietnam, and Thailand. (Other… …   Wikipedia

  • Crescent Town —   Neighbourhood   Three of Crescent Town s buildings towering over the Taylor Creek ravine …   Wikipedia

  • Golden age of Jewish culture in Spain — For the period of Spanish cultural flourishing in the 17th century, see Spanish Golden Age. The Golden age of Jewish culture in Spain, also known as the Golden Age of Arab (or Moorish) Rule in Iberia, refers to a period of history during the… …   Wikipedia

  • Golden Lane Estate — The Golden Lane Estate is a 1950 s council housing complex in the City of London. It was built on the northern edge of the City, in an area devastated by bombing in World War II.OriginsThe idea to build a residential site to the north of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Golden Bear (ship) — The TS Golden Bear is the training ship of the California Maritime Academy (CMA), a campus of the California State University. The first training ship of the California Maritime Academy was known as the Training Ship California State , then as… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.