Peover Hall


Peover Hall

Peover Hall is a country house in the civil parish of Peover Superior, commonly known as Over Peover, Cheshire, England (gbmapping|SJ772734). It is a Grade II* listed building.cite web |url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?pid=1&id=59111 |title=Images of England: Peover Hall |accessdate=2008-04-07 |publisher=English Heritage ]

History

The house was refaced in 1585 and was built for Sir Ralph Mainwaring.cite book | last =Pevsner | first =Nikolaus | authorlink =Nikolaus Pevsner | coauthors =Edward Hubbard | title =The Buildings of England: Cheshire |edition= | publisher =Yale University Press| date =2003| origyear=1971| location =New Haven & London| pages =298–299 | url = | doi = | id = | isbn =0 300 09588 0 ] There have been alterations and additions to the house in around 1653–56, around 1764, around 1944 and in 1966. It was originally planned as an E- or H- shaped house but this plan was abandoned around 1590. In 1654 a stable block was built. The alterations in the 1760s included a wing at a right-angle to the house, making it a T-shape, and a new stable block and coach house. In 1919 the Mainwaring family sold the house to John Graham Peel and it was sold again to Harry Brooks in 1940. During the Second World War the house was requisitioned and used by General George Patton and his staff. The hall was also used as a prisoner of war camp, and as a resettlement home for allied prisoners of war and for English people repatriated after the partition of India. [cite web |url=http://archive.thisischeshire.co.uk/1999/5/20/230921.html |title=There can be few National Trust Houses where tourists are invited to take the weight of their feet. |accessdate=2008-03-27 |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date=1999-05-20 |year= |month= |format= |work=Guardian Series |publisher=Newsquest Media Group |pages= ] It was returned to the Brooks family in 1950. The 1760s wing was in poor condition and was demolished in 1964, when other modifications were made, including a new entrance.cite web |url=http://www.touruk.co.uk/houses/house-cheshire-peover-hall.htm#text |title=Peover Hall |accessdate=2008-04-08 |publisher=TourUK ]

Architecture and contents

The house is built in red brick with stone dressings and a tile roof. The early parts of the house are partly two-storeyed with gables and partly three-storeyed with flat roofs. The windows are mullioned and transomed. The house is roughly rectangular in shape with an entrance corridor which runs across its depth. On the left of the corridor is a small sitting room which contains woodwork and furniture from the 16th century. At the centre of the ground floor is the dining room which includes wooden pilasters which were formerly in Horsley Hall, Clwyd, and paintings and furniture from the 18th century. Also on the ground floor is the morning room in which is a set of bookcases from Oteley, a former seat of the Mainwaring family in Shropshire. On the first floor are the drawing room and bedrooms. The drawing room is in the centre of the building and contains early 18th century panelling, 17th and 18th century furniture, and another set of bookcases from Oteley. On the top floor is the long gallery which contains antique furniture and toys. The kitchen in the basement has two large fireplaces and it also contains arms and armour.

urrounding buildings and gardens

The stable block is dated 1654 and is listed Grade I. It contains Tuscan style columns at the end of each stall and a decorated panelled ceiling. [cite web |url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?pid=1&id=59108 |title=Images of England: The Old Stable Block, Peover Hall |accessdate=2008-04-07 |publisher=English Heritage ] The coach house is dated 1764. It is built in red brick on a stone plinth, with stone dressings and a slate roof. It is in two storey and has nine bays. On its roof is a cupola with a clock face. The coach house is listed Grade II. [cite web |url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?pid=1&id=59109 |title=Images of England: The Coach House, Peover Hall |accessdate=2008-04-07 |publisher=English Heritage ] Also listed Grade II are ashlar gatepiers and wrought iron gates which came from Alderley Park, [cite web |url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?pid=1&id=59107 |title=Images of England: Gatepiers and gates |accessdate=2008-04-09 |publisher=English Heritage ] and a mounting block dating from the mid 18th century. [cite web |url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?pid=1&id=59110 |title=Images of England: Mounting block |accessdate=2008-04-09 |publisher=English Heritage ]

The hall has a formal garden and stands in a landscape park. The landscape park was probably landscaped by William Emes after the alterations to the house in 1764. The formal gardens were laid out between 1890 and 1905 for Sir Philip Tatton Mainwaring. They were remodelled by Hubert Worthington during the 1920s and were further developed from the 1960s by the Brooks. [cite web |url=http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1063915 |title=Pastscape: Monument No. 1063915 |accessdate=2008-04-08 |publisher=English Heritage ] The gardens are listed as Grade II on the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England. [cite web |url=http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/arch/landscapes/ukpg/sites/peoverha.htm |title= Peover Hall|accessdate=2008-04-08 |publisher=United Kingdom Database of Historic Parks and Gardens ] The gardens are open to the public at advertised times and tours of the house are available. [cite web |url=http://www.stately-homes.com/areas/details.asp?HID=1207&ID=1288&path=12,16,57,1288&town= |title= Peover Hall |accessdate=2008-04-08 |publisher=VIP Internet ]

Notes

External links

* [http://www.hha.org.uk/HHA/Property.aspx?id=580 Peover Hall - HHA page]
* [http://www.thornber.net/cheshire/htmlfiles/peover.html Photographs by Craig Thornber]

ee also

*St Lawrence's Church, Over Peover


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