Frequency changer


Frequency changer

A frequency changer or frequency converter is an electronic device that converts alternating current (AC) of one frequency to alternating current of another frequency. The device may also change the voltage, but if it does, that is incidental to its principal purpose.

Traditionally, these devices were built out of electromechanical components such as motor-generator sets or rotary converters. But with the advent of solid state electronics, it has become possible to build completely electronic frequency changers. These devices usually consist of a rectifier stage (producing direct current) which is then inverted to produce AC of the desired frequency. The inverter may use thyristors, IGCTs or IGBTs. If voltage conversion is desired, a transformer will usually be included in either the ac input or output circuitry and this transformer may also provide galvanic isolation between the input and output ac circuits. A battery may also be added to the dc circuitry to improve the converter's ride-through of brief outages in the input power.

Frequency changers vary in power-handling capability from a few watts to megawatts.

Applications

Aside from the obvious application of converting bulk amounts of power from one distribution standard to another, frequency changers are also used to control the speed and the torque of AC motors. In this application, the most typical frequency converter topology is the three-phase two-level voltage source inverter. The phase voltages are controlled using the power semiconductor switches and pulse width modulation (PWM). Semiconductor switching devices and anti-parallel connected freewheeling diodes form a bridge, which can connect each motor phase to the positive or negative dc-link potential. The PWM changes the connections of the phases between the positive and the negative dc-link potentials so that the fundamental wave voltage has the desired frequency and amplitude. The motor reacts primarily to the fundamental voltage and filters out the effects of the harmonic voltages.

Another application is in the aerospace and airline industries. Often airplanes use 400 Hz power so 50 Hz or 60 Hz to 400 Hz frequency converter is needed for use in the ground power unit used to power the airplane while it is on the ground.

Frequency changers are typically used to control the speed of pumps and fans. In many applications significant energy savings are achieved. The most demanding application areas are found on the industrial processing lines, where the control accuracy requirements can be very high.

Alternate uses

Frequency converter may also refer to a much-lower-powered circuit that converts radio frequency signals at one frequency to another frequency. The circuit usually consists of a local oscillator and frequency mixer. The same result was achieved historically by the pentagrid converter.

See also

* Cascade converter
* Motor-generator
* Static inverter plant
* Variable-frequency drive

References

* Blalock, Thomas J., " [http://www.ieee.org/organizations/pes/public/2003/sep/peshistory.html The Frequency Changer Era: Interconnecting Systems of Varying Cycles] ". The history of various frequencies and interconversion schemes in the US at the beginning of the 20th century.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • frequency changer — dažnio keitiklis statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. frequency changer; frequency converter; frequency transducer vok. Frequenzumformer, m; Frequenzumsetzer, m; Frequenzwandler, m rus. преобразователь частоты, m pranc. changeur de… …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • frequency changer — noun or frequency converter : a motor generator used to change the frequency of an alternating current circuit with or without a phase or voltage change …   Useful english dictionary

  • frequency changer set — dažnio keitimo agregatas statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. frequency changer set vok. Frequenzumformer Maschinensatz, m rus. агрегат преобразования частоты, m pranc. groupe convertisseur de fréquence, m …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • static frequency changer — statinis dažnio keitiklis statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. static frequency changer; static frequency converter vok. ruhender Frequenzwandler, m; statischer Frequenzwandler, m rus. статический преобразователь частоты, m pranc.… …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • frequency converter — dažnio keitiklis statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. frequency changer; frequency converter; frequency transducer vok. Frequenzumformer, m; Frequenzumsetzer, m; Frequenzwandler, m rus. преобразователь частоты, m pranc. changeur de… …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • frequency transducer — dažnio keitiklis statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. frequency changer; frequency converter; frequency transducer vok. Frequenzumformer, m; Frequenzumsetzer, m; Frequenzwandler, m rus. преобразователь частоты, m pranc. changeur de… …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • frequency multiplier — noun : a device (as a frequency changer) for multiplying by an integer the frequency of a circuit …   Useful english dictionary

  • frequency converter — noun see frequency changer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Utility frequency — The waveform of 230 volt, 50 Hz compared with 110 V, 60 Hz. The utility frequency, (power) line frequency (American English) or mains frequency (British English) is the frequency at which alternating current (ac, also AC) is transmitted from a… …   Wikipedia

  • Variable-frequency drive — A variable frequency drive (VFD) is a system for controlling the rotational speed of an alternating current (AC) electric motor by controlling the frequency of the electrical power supplied to the motor.cite book | first=Sylvester J. |… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.