Mosses of Western Australia


Mosses of Western Australia

Western Australia has relatively few species of moss; the most recent census found just 192 taxa. This represents just 10% of Australia's total moss flora, even though Western Australia accounts for about one third of the Australia by area. This relatively low diversity has been attributed to the lack of rainforest in the state.[1]

By far the majority of the state's moss species occur in the Southwest Botanical Province, with over 80% of all species, genera and families occurring there. This includes four species that are apparently endemic to the province.[1]

About 70% of Western Australia's moss taxa occur also in South Australia, and a similar proportion occur also in New South Wales. Only about 50% occur also in Queensland. About half are restricted to Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, and a further 10% occur also only in South America.[1]

Contents

List of mosses of Western Australia

This is a list of mosses of Western Australia,[1] with classification updated.[2]

Subclass Sphagnidae

Sphagnaceae

  • Sphagnum molliculum

Subclass Funariidae

Encalyptaceae

  • Bryobartramia novae-valesiae

Funariaceae

  • Funaria apophysata
  • F. cuspidata
  • F. gracilis
  • F. helmsii
  • F. hygrometrica
  • F. muhlenbergii
  • F. phymatodea
  • F. producta
  • F. radians
  • F. salsicola
  • F. subnuda
  • Goniomitrium acuminatum
  • G. enerve

Gigaspermaceae

  • Gigaspermum repens

Subclass Dicranidae

Grimmiaceae

  • Grimmia apocarpa
  • G. laevigata
  • G. pulvinata
  • G. trichophylla
  • Racomitrium crispulum

Ptychomitriaceae

  • Ptychomitrium australe

Archidiaceae

  • Archidium indicum
  • A. rehmanii
  • A. rothii

Fissidentaceae

  • Fissidens asplenioides
  • F. bifrons
  • F. ceylonensis
  • F. gillianus
  • F. gymnocarpus
  • F. hebetatus
  • F. leptocladus
  • F. maceratus
  • F. megalotis
  • F.  microcladus
  • F. perobtusus
  • F. pungens
  • F. taylorii
  • F. tenellus
  • F. victorialis

Ditrichaceae

  • Ceratodon purpureus
  • Ditrichum difficile
  • Eccremidium arcuatum
  • E. exiguum
  • E. minutum
  • E. pulchellum
  • E. whiteleggei
  • Pleuridium acuminatum
  • P. ecklonii
  • P. nervosum

Bruchiaceae

  • Bruchia brevipes
  • Tremadoton acutus

Dicranaceae

  • Campylopus acuminatus
  • C. australis
  • C. bicolor
  • C. flindersii
  • C. incrassatus
  • C. introflexus
  • C. pyriformis
  • Dicranoloma billardieri
  • D. diaphanoneurum

Leucobryaceae

  • Leucobryum subchlorophyllosum

Erpodiaceae

  • Erpodium australiense

Calymperaceae

  • Calymperes erosum
  • Calymperes tenerum
  • Octoblepharum albidum

Pottiaceae

Note: The genera Desmatodon, Phascum, Pottia, and Tortula were heavily revised by Zander, and a number of names in the list below are no longer correct.[3][4]
  • Acaulon eremicola
  • A. granulosum
  • A. integrifolium
  • A. leucochaete
  • A. mediterraneum
  • A. triquetrum
  • Aloina sullivaniana
  • Barbula calycina
  • B. crinita
  • B. ehrenbergii
  • B. hornschuchiana
  • B. indica
  • B. luteola
  • B. subcalycina
  • Bryoerythrophyllum binnsii
  • Calymperastrum latifolium
  • Crossidium davidai
  • C. geheebii
  • D. recurvatus
  • Didymodon luehmannii
  • D. subtorquatus
  • D. torquatus
  • Gymnostomiella vernicosa
  • Gymnostomum calcareum
  • Hyophila involuta
  • H. rosea
  • Leptodontium paradoxum
  • Phasconica balansae
  • Phascopsis rubicunda
  • Phascum laticostum
  • P. longipilum
  • Pottia brevicaulis
  • P. davalliana
  • P. drummondii
  • P. scabrifolia
  • P. starckeana
  • Pterygoneurum kemsleyi
  • P. ovatum
  • Splachnobryum wiemansii
  • Stonea oleaginosa
  • Tetrapterum cylindricum
  • Tortella cirrhata
  • T. flavovirens
  • Tortula antarctica
  • T. atrovirens (=Desmatodon convolutus)
  • T. muralis
  • T. pagorum
  • T. papillosa
  • T. rubella
  • Trichostomopsis australasiae
  • Trichostomum brachydontium
  • Triquetrella papillata
  • Uleobryum peruvianum
  • Weissia brachycarpa
  • W. controversa
  • W. rutilans

Rhabdoweisiaceae

  • Amphidium cyathicarpum

Ephemeraceae

  • Ephemerum cristatum
  • E. rehmannii

Subclass Bryidae

Splachnaceae

  • Tayloria octoblepharum

Orthotrichaceae

  • Macromitrium archeri
  • Zygodon intermedius
  • Z. menziesii
  • Z. minutus

Hedwigiaceae

  • Hedwigia ciliata
  • H. integrifolia

Rhacocarpaceae

  • Rhacocarpus purpurascens
  • R. webbianus

Bryaceae

  • Brachymenium coarctatum
  • B. exile
  • B. indicum
  • B. preissianum
  • Bryum albo-limbatum
  • B. apiculatum
  • B. argenteum
  • B. australe
  • B. caespiticium
  • B. campylothecium
  • B. capillare
  • B. cellulare
  • B. cheelii
  • B. chrysoneuron
  • B. creberrimum
  • B. dichotomum
  • B. inaequale
  • B. lanatum
  • B. pachytheca
  • B. torquescens
  • Pleurophascum occidentale

Orthodontiaceae

  • Orthodontium inflatum
  • O. lineare
  • O. pallens

Mniaceae

  • Pohlia wahlenbergii
  • Schizymenium bryoides

Bartramiaceae

  • Bartramia afro-stricta
  • B. compacta
  • B. hampei
  • B. papillata
  • B. pseudostricta
  • B. strictifolia
  • Breutelia affinis
  • Philonotis australiensis (= Bartramidula pusilla; The genus Bartramidula has been synonymized with Philonotis.[5])
  • P. mollis
  • P. tenuis

Racopilaceae

  • Racopilum convolutaceum

Mitteniaceae

  • Mittenia plumula

Pilotrichaceae

  • Sauloma tenella

Pterigynandraceae

  • Trachyphyllum inflexus

Thuidiaceae

  • edit] Campyliaceae
    • Drepanocladus aduncus
    • D. sendtneri

    Fabroniaceae

    • Fabronia australis
    • F. hampeana
    • Ischyrodon lepturus

    Hypnaceae

    • Taxiphyllum minutirameum
    • Vesicularia montagnei
    • V. rivalis

    Sematophyllaceae

    • Sematophyllum amoenum
    • S. caespitosum
    • S. contiguum
    • S. homomallum

    References

    1. ^ a b c d Stoneburner, Ann; Wyatt, Robert; Catcheside, David; and Stone, Ilma (1993). "Census of the Mosses of Western Australia". The Bryologist (The Bryologist, Vol. 96, No. 1) 96 (1): 86–101. doi:10.2307/3243324. JSTOR 3243324. 
    2. ^ Buck, William R. & Bernard Goffinet. 2000. "Morphology and classification of mosses", pages 71-123 in A. Jonathan Shaw & Bernard Goffinet (Eds.), Bryophyte Biology. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). ISBN 0-521-66097-1.
    3. ^ Zander, R. H. (1989). "Seven new genera in Pottiaceae (Musci) and a lectotype for Syntrichia". Phytologia 65: 424–436. 
    4. ^ Zander, R. H. (1993). "Genera of the Pottiaceae: Mosses of harsh environments". Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural History 32. 
    5. ^ Griffin III, Dana & William R. Buck. 1989. Taxonomic and Phylogenetic Studies on the Bartramiaceae. The Bryologist 92 (3): 368-380. [1]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Flora of Australia — For the series of monographs, see Flora of Australia (series). Australian plants redirects here. For the magazine, see Australian Plants. Part of a series on Wildlife of …   Wikipedia

  • Calymperastrum — Taxobox name = Calymperastrum status system = DECF status = P2 status ref = regnum = Plantae divisio = Bryophyta classis = Bryopsida subclassis = Dicranidae ordo = Pottiales familia = Pottiaceae genus = Calymperastrum genus authority = I.G.Stone… …   Wikipedia

  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands — Heard Island Nickname: HIMI Satellite image of the southern tip of Heard Island. Cape Arkona is seen on the left side of the image, with Lied Glacier just above and Gotley Glacier just below. Big Ben Volcano and Mawson Peak are seen at the lower… …   Wikipedia

  • Life Sciences — ▪ 2009 Introduction Zoology       In 2008 several zoological studies provided new insights into how species life history traits (such as the timing of reproduction or the length of life of adult individuals) are derived in part as responses to… …   Universalium

  • History of phycology — Phycology is the study of algae and history is the study of the past human activities. Human interest in plants as food goes back into the origins of the species ( Homo sapiens ) and knowledge of algae can be traced back more than two thousand… …   Wikipedia

  • Permian Period — Interval of geologic time, 290–248 million years ago. The last of the six periods of the Paleozoic Era, it follows the Carboniferous Period. During the Permian, the continents joined to form a single supercontinent, Pangea. Hot, dry conditions… …   Universalium

  • Old-growth forest — Old growth redirects here. For the Dead Meadow album, see Old Growth (album). See also: Ancient woodland Old growth European Beech forest in Biogradska Gora National Park, Montenegro …   Wikipedia

  • Triassic Period — Interval of geologic time, с 248–206 million years ago, that marks the beginning of the Mesozoic Era. Many new vertebrates emerged during the Triassic, heralding the major changes that were to occur in both terrestrial and marine life forms… …   Universalium

  • Largest organisms — The largest organism found on earth can be measured using a variety of methods. It could be defined as the largest by volume, mass, height, or length. Some creatures group together to form a superorganism, though this cannot truly be classed as… …   Wikipedia

  • community ecology — Introduction       study of the organization and functioning of communities (community), which are assemblages of interacting populations of the species living within a particular area or habitat.       As populations of species interact with one …   Universalium