- Beacon Hill, Burghclere, Hampshire
:" There two hills in Hampshire called Beacon Hill; the other one is near Warnford.
Name = Beacon Hill
Elevation = 261 m (856 ft)
OS "Landranger" 174
Last eruption =
First ascent =
Easiest route =
Grid_ref_UK = SU458575
Beacon Hill is near the village of
Burghclere, in north Hampshire. The hill's name is derived from the fact that it was one of many Beacon Hills in Englandand beyond. This hill was once the site of the most famous beaconin Hampshire. It is 261 metres high and has one of England's most well known hill forts on its slopes. From there, outstanding views of the surrounding area and much of Hampshire may be obtained. The site is open to the public and managed by Hampshire County Council. It is a Site of special scientific interestand a National Nature Reserve.
Beacon Hill is a
calcareous grassland chalk downlandhabitat and as such is scarce and home to some unusual and rare species.
Many chalk grassland slopes in England show the mark of centuries of grazing by sheep, the slopes bearing a stepped appearance formed by a mixture of soil creep and sheep paths. Such erosion is clearly visible on the slopes of Beacon Hill.
Beacon Hill has a range of chalk downland plants including Rock Rose,
Wild Thyme, Kidney Vetchand Clustered Bellflower, these flowers in turn provide for rare invertebratessuch as " Osmia bicolor", a scarce solitary bee.
The hill fort on the top of the hill has never been systematically excavated, but the land and ditch are sharply defined and well preserved. The Beacon Hill camp, built around
1000 BCE, was probably inhabited by around 2–3000 people according to calculations from similar camps. It is one of a number of hillforts, which are strung out along the north-facing scarp of the Hampshire Downs, overlooking the Kennet valley to the north. When originally built, these structures must have looked spectacular even from a distance as their white chalk ramparts caught the sun. Within the ramparts of the fort numerous hut circles occur, some of which can be seen by the casual visitor. The south-facing entrance is still well defined and a track would have led southwards towards an area of fields which are still apparent at the far end of the hill. Aerial photographs show considerable evidence of ancient field patterns throughout much of the surrounding countryside. On the west side of Sidown Hill (immediately to the west of Beacon Hill) there is an area of well defined field terracing.
The tomb of the famous Egyptologist,
George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvonlies within the fortifications. It is also where Sir Geoffrey de Havillandmade his first successful test flight on 10 September 1910, commemorated by a memorial stone situated in the Seven Barrows field to the south of Beacon Hill.
* [http://www.hants.gov.uk/countryside/beaconhill/ Hampshire County Council Beacon Hill page]
* [http://www.lastrefuge.co.uk/images/html/aerials_UK_historical_sites/hill_forts/pages/AWDS_hill_forts002.htm Aerial photograph]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Beacon Hill, Warnford, Hampshire — There are two hills in Hampshire called Beacon Hill; the other one is near BurghclereBeacon Hill, Warnford, Hampshire is a chalk hill in the South Downs on the boundary of the parishes of Warnford and Exton. Part of the hill is a National Nature… … Wikipedia
Beacon Hill — is a name shared by many hills, suburbs, villages and other places around the world. Many are so called because they were historically the site of a warning beacon. Others are named after other places of the same name.In the United KingdomThe… … Wikipedia
Beacon Hill, Hampshire — There are two hills named Beacon Hill in Hampshire:* Beacon Hill, Burghclere, Hampshire * Beacon Hill, Warnford, Hampshire … Wikipedia
Beacon Hill — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Beacon Hill (Colorado) Beacon Hill (Florida) Beacon Hill (Maryland) Beacon Hill (Michigan) Beacon Hill (Mississippi) Beacon Hill (Ohio) Beacon Hill (Cowlitz County, Washington) Beacon Hill… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Burghclere — is a village and civil parish in the Basingstoke and Deane district of Hampshire, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 1,138. The village is near the border of Hampshire with Berkshire and is 4 miles south of Newbury in… … Wikipedia
List of hill forts in England — This List of hill forts in England is a list of links to any hill fort in England, UK.Berkshire*Alfred s Castle, Badbury Hill, Cherbury Camp, Hardwell Castle *Segsbury Camp, Uffington Castle, Walbury Hill, Wittenham ClumpsBristol*Kingsweston… … Wikipedia
Old Burghclere — Coordinates: 51°19′N 1°20′W / 51.31°N 1.34°W / 51.31; 01.34 … Wikipedia
Old Winchester Hill — grid reference SU643205 is a chalk hill in Hampshire, England surmounted by an Iron Age hill fort and a Bronze Age cemetery. It is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and a National Nature Reserve. The hill fort has never been fully… … Wikipedia
List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Hampshire — This is a list of the Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) in Hampshire. For other counties, see List of SSSIs by Area of Search.* Alresford Pond * Ashford Hill Woods and Meadows * Avon Valley (Bickton to Christchurch) * Baddesley Common… … Wikipedia
Noar Hill — seen from the north west, just below Selborne Common Noar Hill, near Selborne in East Hampshire, is best known for its nature reserve. Contents 1 … Wikipedia