- Government House, Melbourne
Government House, Melbourne is the office and official residence of the Governor of Victoria. It is set next to the Royal Botanic Gardens and surrounded by Kings Domain in
Melbourne. It was the official residence of the Governor-General of Australiafrom 1901 to 1930.
Lieutenant-governor of Victoria,
Charles La Trobeset aside the land for Government House in 1841. Ferdinand von Mueller, Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens in 1857, landscaped the whole area, including Government House reserve, as one parkland. Construction of the building did not start until 1871 and was completed in 1876. Prior to this Governors lived at Toorak House, while La Trobe had lived in La Trobe's Cottage. The building was designed by William Wardell, Inspector General of the Public Works Department, and built in the Victorian Period Italianatestyle, and reflects the extravagant style of the period with a booming economy due to the Victorian gold rush.
Between the formation of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 and 1927, it was the official residence of the Governor-General of Australia (the representative of the Crown in Australia). When the Federal Parliament commenced sitting in Canberra in 1927, the Governor-General stayed at
Government House, Canberraat Yarralumla while Parliament was in session, but also continued living at Government House in Melbourne until 1930. During this period Governors of Victoria lived at Stonington mansion. The House has been in continuous use by the Governors of Victoria since 1934.
The main building consists of three parts: the south wing with its extravagant single storey State Ballroom; a grand staircase hall entrance to the three storey State rooms; and two storey vice-regal apartments to the north. Rising from the building is a 145-foot belvedere tower. The mews - a paved area surrounded on three sides by stables, coach houses and staff living quarters is nearby. The garden was designed by John Sayce in 1873 and is thought to be "the most intact 19th century mansion garden remaining in Melbourne" by the Victorian Heritage Register.
William Guilfoyle, curator of the Melbourne Botanic Gardens, further refined the original garden design with "many fine mature trees, including conifers, Australian rainforest species and deciduous trees, which are characteristic of the era and which also reflect Guilfoyle’s personal taste."
* William Wardell, Government House, Melbourne.
Governors of Victoria
Governor-General of Australia
Government Houses of Australia
* Government Houses in the Commonwealth
* [http://www.governor.vic.gov.au/govhs.htm Government House Official website]
* "Victorian Heritage List" Statement of significance
* [http://www.governor.vic.gov.au/govhs.htm Government House Homepage]
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