Barton W. Stone

Barton W. Stone

Barton Warren Stone was born on December 24 1772 to John and Mary Stone in Port Tobacco, Maryland. During his childhood he was exposed to the Church of England, Baptist, Methodist and Episcopal churches.

After going to Guilford Academy in North Carolina, founded by David Caldwell [,david.htm] , Stone heard James McGready (a Presbyterian minister) speak and eventually became a Presbyterian minister himself. But, as Stone looked more deeply into the beliefs of the Presbyterians, especially the Westminster Confession of Faith, he became skeptical of the convergence of church and Biblical beliefs. At odds was the Calvinistic belief in total depravity which Stone found inconsistent with the scriptures.

Stone also took issue with the Trinity doctrine and argued against it. "Revelation no where declares that there are three persons of the same substance in the one only God; and it is universally acknowledged to be above reason" ("Address to the Christian Churches", 2nd Edition [1821] ).

At the Cane Ridge (Kentucky) revival of 1801, Barton W. Stone revealed his new found conviction of faith as prerequisite for salvation to the chagrin of the Presbyterian Church. He was quickly accused of Arminianism after which his association with the Presbyterian Church was severed by Kentucky Synod.

In 1803 the Springfield Presbytery was formed by Stone and others with the same theology. After reexamination, Barton and others in the presbytery were compelled by the scriptures to dissolve the organization for fear of Romanization. This led to the famous, "Last Will and Testament of The Springfield Presbytery."

In 1824 Barton W. Stone met with Alexander Campbell which would eventually lead to the partial unification of the "Christian" (Stone) movement and the "Reformed Baptist" (Campbell) movement into what is commonly called the Restoration Movement. The congregations that were part of Stone's original movement, which chose not to join with Campbell and his followers, merged with similar Christian Churches in other parts of the country to form the Christian Connection.

Barton W. Stone died on November 9, 1844 in Hannibal, Missouri. Barton College (formerly Atlantic Christian College) in Wilson, North Carolina was named for Barton Stone.

External links

* [ Barton Warren Stone's memorial at]
* [ Writings of Barton W. Stone]


*West, Earl Irvin (2002). The Search for the Ancient Order Vol. 1. Gospel Light Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89225-154-9

*Foster, Douglas A.(Editor), Blowers, Paul M.(Editor), Dunnavant, Anthony L.(Editor), Williams, D. Newell(Editor). The Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan. ISBN 0-8028-3898-7


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barton College — Infobox University name = Barton College motto = Habebunt Lumen Vitae mottoeng = They shall have the light of life type = Private established = 1902 president = Dr. Norval C. Kneten affiliations = Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) students …   Wikipedia

  • Stone tool — A stone tool is, in the most general sense, any tool made of stone. Although stone tool dependent cultures exist even today, most stone tools are associated with prehistoric societies that no longer exist.The study of stone tools is often called… …   Wikipedia

  • Stone Church Road (Hamilton, Ontario) — Stone Church Road, is a two way Upper City (mountain) east west arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts at Golf Links Road , just east of Meadowlands, and goes across the Escarpment and ends at Upper Mount Albion Road . Note: This… …   Wikipedia

  • Barton Street (Hamilton, Ontario) — Barton Street is an arterial road in the Lower City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It s also the longest street (21.0 km) in the city. It starts off at the Western end of town at Locke Street North and is a two way street most of the way that… …   Wikipedia

  • Barton MacLane — Dans Smart Blonde (1937) Données clés Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stone Sour — Datos generales Origen Des Moines, Iowa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stone Sour (альбом) — Stone Sour Студийный альбом …   Википедия

  • Barton S. Hays — Barton Stone Hays (April 5, 1826 in Greenville, Ohio March 14, 1914 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) was an early Indiana artist and teacher.He was a self taught artist who was known for his portraits, landscapes and still life paintings. While working …   Wikipedia

  • Barton S. Alexander — Infobox Military Person name=Barton Stone Alexander born= birth date|1819|9|4 died= death date and age|1878|12|15|1819|9|4 placeofbirth=Nicholas County, Kentucky placeofdeath=San Francisco, California placeofburial= San Francisco National… …   Wikipedia

  • Barton Swing Aqueduct — Infobox Historic building caption=The Barton Swing Aqueduct in the closed position name=Barton Swing Aqueduct location town=Barton upon Irwell location country=England map type=Greater Manchester latitude=53.474813 longitude= 2.350334 architect=… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.