- Barton W. Stone
Barton Warren Stone was born on
December 24 1772to John and Mary Stone in Port Tobacco, Maryland. During his childhood he was exposed to the Church of England, Baptist, Methodistand Episcopal churches.
After going to Guilford Academy in
North Carolina, founded by David Caldwell [http://www.therestorationmovement.com/caldwell,david.htm] , Stone heard James McGready(a Presbyterianminister) speak and eventually became a Presbyterian minister himself. But, as Stone looked more deeply into the beliefs of the Presbyterians, especially the Westminster Confession of Faith, he became skeptical of the convergence of church and Biblicalbeliefs. At odds was the Calvinisticbelief in total depravitywhich Stone found inconsistent with the scriptures.
Stone also took issue with the Trinity doctrine and argued against it. "Revelation no where declares that there are three persons of the same substance in the one only God; and it is universally acknowledged to be above reason" ("Address to the Christian Churches", 2nd Edition  ).
Cane Ridge( Kentucky) revival of 1801, Barton W. Stone revealed his new found conviction of faith as prerequisite for salvationto the chagrin of the Presbyterian Church. He was quickly accused of Arminianismafter which his association with the Presbyterian Church was severed by Kentucky Synod.
In 1803 the
Springfield Presbyterywas formed by Stone and others with the same theology. After reexamination, Barton and others in the presbytery were compelled by the scriptures to dissolve the organization for fear of Romanization. This led to the famous, " Last Will and Testament of The Springfield Presbytery."
In 1824 Barton W. Stone met with Alexander Campbell which would eventually lead to the partial unification of the "Christian" (Stone) movement and the "Reformed Baptist" (Campbell) movement into what is commonly called the
Restoration Movement. The congregations that were part of Stone's original movement, which chose not to join with Campbell and his followers, merged with similar Christian Churchesin other parts of the country to form the Christian Connection.
Barton W. Stone died on
November 9, 1844in Hannibal, Missouri. Barton College(formerly Atlantic Christian College) in Wilson, North Carolinawas named for Barton Stone.
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7304452 Barton Warren Stone's memorial at findagrave.com]
* [http://www.mun.ca/rels/restmov/people/bstone.html Writings of Barton W. Stone]
*West, Earl Irvin (2002). The Search for the Ancient Order Vol. 1. Gospel Light Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89225-154-9
*Foster, Douglas A.(Editor), Blowers, Paul M.(Editor), Dunnavant, Anthony L.(Editor), Williams, D. Newell(Editor). The Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan. ISBN 0-8028-3898-7
*John Rogers, [http://www.mun.ca/rels/restmov/texts/dpurviance/purv2.html THE BIOGRAPHY OF ELD. BARTON W. STONE, WRITTEN BY HIMSELF: WITH ADDITIONS AND REFLECTIONS] (Cincinnati: J.A. & U.P. James, 1847), 120-29.
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