Toppenish, Washington


Toppenish, Washington

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Toppenish, Washington
native_name =
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_




mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Toppenish in Washington


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Washington
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Yakima
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
established_title =
established_date =
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 = April 29, 1907
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 4.9
area_total_sq_mi = 1.9
area_land_km2 = 4.9
area_land_sq_mi = 1.9
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2000
population_note =
population_total = 8946
population_density_km2 = 1837.3
population_density_sq_mi = 4762.7
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 46 |latm = 22 |lats = 44 |latNS = N
longd = 120 |longm = 18 |longs = 43 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 231
elevation_ft = 758
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 98948
website = [http://www.toppenish.net/ www.toppenish.net]
area_code = 509
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 53-71960GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1512732GR|3
footnotes =

Toppenish is a city in Yakima County, Washington, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 8,946.

History

The General Allotment Act of 1887 granted an 80 acre allotment of land to a woman of half Indian ancestry, Josephine Bowser Lillie, known as “The Mother of Toppenish”. Lillie platted the north 40 acres of her land and these tracts became the first deeded land to be sold on the Yakama Indian Reservation.

Prior to the act’s implementation, all territory set aside by the Treaty of 1855 was in the name of the tribe. None of the land was individually owned. The treaty of 1855 between the United States government, representatives from thirteen other bands, tribes, and Chief Kamiakin resulted in the Yakama Nation relinquishing convert|16920|sqmi|km2 of their homeland. Prior to ceding their land, the area was inhabited solely by Native Americans. The only white pioneers before the coming of the railroad in 1883 were ranchers from older settlements bordering the Columbia River.

Sources cite the city’s name of Toppenish derives from an Indian word “Xuupinish” meaning sloping and spreading. While another source contends it is a derivative of the word “Thappahnish” which translates to “People of the trail that comes from the foot of the hills.”

Ensconced in the heart of the Yakima Valley in Washington State, the city lies inside the boundaries of the Yakima Nation’s Reservation. Toppenish was officially incorporated on April 29, 1907 and founded by Johnny Barnes.

Geography

Toppenish is located at coor dms|46|22|44|N|120|18|43|W|city (46.378880, -120.311823).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 8,946 people, 2,275 households, and 1,874 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,762.7 people per square mile (1,837.3/km²). There were 2,440 housing units at an average density of 1,299.0/sq mi (501.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 31.48% White, 0.56% Black or African American, 7.90% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 55.95% from other races, and 3.72% from two or more races. 75.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,275 households out of which 52.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.6% were non-families. 14.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.88 and the average family size was 4.26.

In the city the population was spread out with 38.8% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 14.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 106.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,950, and the median income for a family was $28,228. Males had a median income of $22,264 versus $19,704 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,101. About 29.2% of families and 32.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.1% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

References

Go Northwest, South Central, Washington - Toppenish, http://www.gonorthwest.com/Washington/southcentral/Toppenish/Toppenish.htm

Hispanic/Latino: 62.2% White*: 20.1% Black*: 0.3% Native American*: 15% Asian*: 0.4% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander*: 0% Other*: 0.2% Multiracial*: 1.9%
* Does not include individualsin this racial groupwho identify as Hispanic/Latino.

External links

* [http://www.toppenish.net/ Toppenish Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.legendscasino.com/ Yakama Nation Legends Casino]
* [http://www.cityoftoppenish.us/ City of Toppenish]
* [http://www.toppenish.net/attractions/murals.php Toppenish Mural Society]
* [http://www.toppenishrodeo.com/ Toppenish Pow Wow and Rodeo]
* [http://www.parks.wa.gov/parkpage.asp?selectedpark=Fort%20Simcoe Fort Simcoe]
* [http://www.nprymuseum.org/ The Northern Pacific Railway Museum]
* [http://www.toppenishhistory.com/ Toppenish Historical Society]
* [http://www.heritage.edu/Main.php Heritage University]
* [http://www.colescoles.com Top-Hi Alumni News]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toppenish (Washington) — Toppenish Ciudad de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Washington locations by per capita income — Washington is the twelfth richest state in the United States of America, with a per capita income of $22,973 (2000) and a personal per capita income of $33,332 (2003).Washington counties ranked by per capita incomeThere are thirty nine counties… …   Wikipedia

  • Toppenish — Toppenish, WA U.S. city in Washington Population (2000): 8946 Housing Units (2000): 2440 Land area (2000): 1.878359 sq. miles (4.864926 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.878359 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Toppenish, WA — U.S. city in Washington Population (2000): 8946 Housing Units (2000): 2440 Land area (2000): 1.878359 sq. miles (4.864926 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.878359 sq. miles (4.864926 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Washington (state) — Washington state redirects here. For the university, see Washington State University. State of Washington …   Wikipedia

  • Washington State Department of Transportation — overview Formed 1964 (1964) Preceding agencies Washington Department of Highways Washington State Highway Board Washi …   Wikipedia

  • Toppenish — Wasserturm in Toppenish Toppenish ist ein Ort im Yakima County im US Bundesstaat Washington, der im Jahr 2000 genau 8.946 Einwohner zählte. Er liegt im Reservat der Yakama, rund 30 km südöstlich der Stadt Yakima. Rund 6,5 % der Bevölkerung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Washington State Constitution — Title page of the 1889 Constitution The Constitution of the State of Washington is the document that describes the structure and function of the government of the U.S. State of Washington. Washington has had two constitutions: one in 1878 and the …   Wikipedia

  • Washington Natural Areas Program — The Washington Natural Areas Program, part of the Washington Department of Natural Resources, manages dozens of natural areas owned by the US state of Washington. These areas have received funding through the state s general fund since the… …   Wikipedia

  • Washington State Route 223 — Infobox WA State Route type=State route=223 sec= parent type=WA parent=22 length mi=3.80 length ref=cite web|author=Washington State Department of Transportation|url=http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/mapsdata/tdo/PDF and ZIP… …   Wikipedia