- Toppenish, Washington
official_name = Toppenish, Washington
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Toppenish in Washington
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Yakima
April 29, 1907
area_total_km2 = 4.9
area_total_sq_mi = 1.9
area_land_km2 = 4.9
area_land_sq_mi = 1.9
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 8946
population_density_km2 = 1837.3
population_density_sq_mi = 4762.7
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 46 |latm = 22 |lats = 44 |latNS = N
longd = 120 |longm = 18 |longs = 43 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 231
elevation_ft = 758
postal_code = 98948
website = [http://www.toppenish.net/ www.toppenish.net]
area_code = 509
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 53-71960GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1512732GR|3
Toppenish is a city in Yakima County,
Washington, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 8,946.
The General Allotment Act of 1887 granted an 80 acre allotment of land to a woman of half Indian ancestry, Josephine Bowser Lillie, known as “The Mother of Toppenish”. Lillie platted the north 40 acres of her land and these tracts became the first deeded land to be sold on the Yakama Indian Reservation.
Prior to the act’s implementation, all territory set aside by the Treaty of 1855 was in the name of the tribe. None of the land was individually owned. The treaty of 1855 between the United States government, representatives from thirteen other bands, tribes, and Chief Kamiakin resulted in the Yakama Nation relinquishing convert|16920|sqmi|km2 of their homeland. Prior to ceding their land, the area was inhabited solely by Native Americans. The only white pioneers before the coming of the railroad in 1883 were ranchers from older settlements bordering the Columbia River.
Sources cite the city’s name of Toppenish derives from an Indian word “Xuupinish” meaning sloping and spreading. While another source contends it is a derivative of the word “Thappahnish” which translates to “People of the trail that comes from the foot of the hills.”
Ensconced in the heart of the Yakima Valley in Washington State, the city lies inside the boundaries of the Yakima Nation’s Reservation. Toppenish was officially incorporated on
April 29, 1907and founded by Johnny Barnes.
Toppenish is located at coor dms|46|22|44|N|120|18|43|W|city (46.378880, -120.311823).GR|1
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km²), all of it land.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 8,946 people, 2,275 households, and 1,874 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 4,762.7 people per square mile (1,837.3/km²). There were 2,440 housing units at an average density of 1,299.0/sq mi (501.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 31.48% White, 0.56% Black or African American, 7.90% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 55.95% from other races, and 3.72% from two or more races. 75.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,275 households out of which 52.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.6% were non-families. 14.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.88 and the average family size was 4.26.
In the city the population was spread out with 38.8% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 14.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 106.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,950, and the median income for a family was $28,228. Males had a median income of $22,264 versus $19,704 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $9,101. About 29.2% of families and 32.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.1% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.
Go Northwest, South Central, Washington - Toppenish, http://www.gonorthwest.com/Washington/southcentral/Toppenish/Toppenish.htm
Hispanic/Latino: 62.2% White*: 20.1% Black*: 0.3% Native American*: 15% Asian*: 0.4% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander*: 0% Other*: 0.2% Multiracial*: 1.9%
* Does not include individualsin this racial groupwho identify as Hispanic/Latino.
* [http://www.toppenish.net/ Toppenish Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.legendscasino.com/ Yakama Nation Legends Casino]
* [http://www.cityoftoppenish.us/ City of Toppenish]
* [http://www.toppenish.net/attractions/murals.php Toppenish Mural Society]
* [http://www.toppenishrodeo.com/ Toppenish Pow Wow and Rodeo]
* [http://www.parks.wa.gov/parkpage.asp?selectedpark=Fort%20Simcoe Fort Simcoe]
* [http://www.nprymuseum.org/ The Northern Pacific Railway Museum]
* [http://www.toppenishhistory.com/ Toppenish Historical Society]
* [http://www.heritage.edu/Main.php Heritage University]
* [http://www.colescoles.com Top-Hi Alumni News]
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