Fungiidae


Fungiidae
Fungiidae
Close-up of Fungia scutaria
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order: Scleractinia
Suborder: Fungiina
Family: Fungiidae
Genera

See text.

Fungiidae (pronounced /fəŋˈɡiː.ɨdiː/) is a family of Cnidaria. It contains thirteen extant genera.

Contents

Characteristics

Species are generally solitary marine animals that are capable of benthic locomotion.[1][2] These corals often appear to be bleached or dead.[3] In most genera, a single polyp emerges from the center of the skeleton to feed at night. Most species remain fully detached from the substrate in adulthood. Some are immobile as well as colonial.[4][5] Mushroom corals are also able to change gender.[6]

Genera

  • Ctenactis
  • Cantharellus
  • Cycloseris
  • Diaseris
  • Fungia
  • Halomitra
  • Heliofungia
  • Herpolita
  • Lithophyllon
  • Podabacia
  • Polyphyllia
  • Sandalolitha
  • Zoopilus

Notable species

  • One fungiid species, Heliofungia actiniformis ("anemone coral"), can be easily mistaken for a sea anemone [actiniarian] because its tentacles remain visible during the day.[4]
  • Fungia spp. have a commensal pipefish, Siokunichthys nigrolineatus.[7]
  • Some fungiids can be elongate and look like a sea cucumber (stichopodid).
  • Some fungiids (Fungia scruposa) have been observed eating jellyfish.[8]

Notes

Gallery

See also

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fungiidae — Научная клас …   Википедия

  • Fungiidae — Fungia scutaria …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fungiidae — Pilzkorallen Pilzkorallen (Fungiidae) Systematik Stamm: Nesseltiere (Cnidaria) Klasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pilzkorallen — (Fungiidae) Systematik Stamm: Nesseltiere (Cnidaria) Klasse: Blumentiere ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Steinkorallen — im Great Barrier Reef Systematik Unterreich: Vielzellige Tiere (Metazoa) Abteilung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Madreporaria — Steinkorallen Steinkorallen im Flachwasser Systematik Unterreich: Vielzellige Tiere (Metazoa) A …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scleractinia — Steinkorallen Steinkorallen im Flachwasser Systematik Unterreich: Vielzellige Tiere (Metazoa) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Skleractinia — Steinkorallen Steinkorallen im Flachwasser Systematik Unterreich: Vielzellige Tiere (Metazoa) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Skleraktinia — Steinkorallen Steinkorallen im Flachwasser Systematik Unterreich: Vielzellige Tiere (Metazoa) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Steinkoralle — Steinkorallen Steinkorallen im Flachwasser Systematik Unterreich: Vielzellige Tiere (Metazoa) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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