- SS Assyrian
The SS "Assyrian" was a steam merchant ship, originally German-built, that sailed under the British flag during the
Second World War.
She was originally built by
Blohm + Voss, Hamburgas the German motor merchant "Fritz", in 1914. She served during the First World Warwith the Woermann Line, but she was designated as a war reparations ship in 1919 and was acquired by the British shipping firm Ellerman & Papayanni Lines Ltd, of Liverpoolin 1920. [ [http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/ellerman1.htm The Ship List] ] They renamed her "Assyrian" and homeported her in Liverpool. They converted her to a steam merchant in 1925. [http://uboat.net/allies/merchants/618.html Uboat.net] ]
With the convoys
During the Second World War she was used to carry supplies to the UK, often travelling in convoy to protect against German
U-boatattacks. She took part in a number of these convoys, sailing to and from Liverpool to destinations such as Gibraltarand Bermuda. [ [http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hague/index.html?search3.php?query=assyrian&Submit=Find+Vessel~haguemain Convoy web] ] She joined her last convoy, SC-7 which departed Sydney, Nova Scotiaon 5 October 1940. She was used as the convoy commodore's ship, and came under the command of retired vice admiralLachlan Mackinnon, with her master as Reginald Sanderson Kearon. She had arrived in Sydney from New Orleansand carried a cargo of 3,700 tons of grain.
Convoy SC-7 and sinking
The convoy initially had only a single escort, the sloop HMS "Scarborough". The convoy was overwhelmed by
U-boats operating the new ' wolf pack' tactics. On 19 October, as the convoy approached the British Isles, a U-boat was spotted 100 yards ahead. The "Assyrian" went full ahead to ram her, for the first time made 10 knots. She chased the enemy ship for 40 minutes, but was unable to bring any of her small guns to bear. The U-boat eventually escaped, leaving the "Assyrian" ahead of the convoy, with no escorts around. She was sighted by "U-101" under Fritz Frauenheim and at 01.22 hours he fired three bow torpedoes at the convoy, by then 102 miles west by north of Barra Head, Outer Hebrides, followed two minutes later by a stern torpedo. He was later to report four hits and four ships sunk.
However two of the bow torpedoes missed, with the third hitting the "Assyrian" on the
starboardside, stopping the engines and putting out her lights. The stern torpedo went on to hit the SS "Soesterberg". Both of the "Assyrian"’s boats were damaged in the explosion and most of the surviving crew took to the life-rafts. A sinking merchantman drifted down upon the "Assyrian", her pit props rolling off and further damaging the ship and sinking one of the life-rafts which had been launched. A small group including the ship's master, the Chief Officerand the commodore were stranded aboard the sinking ship. They set to building a raft out of whatever they could find and launched it as the ship went down. The raft fell to bits as it hit the water, but most of the occupants managed to cling to pieces of wreckage.
Out of a total complement of 51, fifteen crew members and two naval staff members were lost. The master, the commodore, three naval staff members, 20 crew members and nine passengers were picked up by the sloop HMS "Leith" and landed at Liverpool. The "Assyrian"’s master, Reginald Sanderson Kearon, was awarded the
Lloyd's War Medal for Bravery at Sea.
* [http://uboat.net/allies/merchants/618.html SS Assyrian at Uboat.net]
* [http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hague/index.html?search3.php?query=assyrian&Submit=Find+Vessel~haguemain Assyrian's convoys at the Convoy database]
* [http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/ellerman1.htm Ships of the Ellerman Lines]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Assyrian Church of the East — Assyrian Christian redirects here. For other uses, see Assyrian (disambiguation). Assyrian Church of the East Emblem of the Assyrian Church of the East Founder Traces origins to Saints Thomas, Bartholomew, Thaddeus (Addai) … Wikipedia
Assyrian culture — Assyrian people Culture Music Language … Wikipedia
Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac Americans — Total population 96,847 400,000  Regions with significant populations … Wikipedia
Assyrian cuisine — Assyrian people Culture Music Language … Wikipedia
Assyrian Universal Alliance — (Assyrian: ܚܘܝܕܐ ܬܒ̣ܝܠܝܐ ܐܬܘܪܝܐ, Arabic: الاتحاد الأشوري العالمي; Persian: اتحادیه جهانی آشوریها) is an ethnic Assyrian umbrella organization in the Middle East. The Assyrian Universal Alliance is an international alliance made up of different… … Wikipedia
Assyrian — may refer to:*The ancient Assyrian Empire: **The Neo Assyrian Empire; ***Pax Assyriaca, the Assyrian peace *Assyria (Persian province), a province of the Persian Empire *Assyria (Roman province), a province of the Roman Empire *Assyrian people, a … Wikipedia
Assyrian music — is divided into three main sections or periods. The Ancient Period consists of that of Ur, Babylon and Nineveh). The remaining periods are the Middle or Tribal Folkloric period and the Modern Period.History Ancient Period Mesopotamia has produced … Wikipedia
Assyrian Voice — is a world wide community for Assyrians online, offering different services including chat, forums, music, news, and more. The community was created in 1999. The site started as a mere personal page for the webmaster, but in October 1999, it… … Wikipedia
Assyrian folk dance — Assyrian Folk Dances are dances that are performed throughout the world by Assyrians, mostly on occasions such as weddings.Types of Dances*Khigga: The most popular Assyrian dance, maybe because it is very simple to dance and also it is the first… … Wikipedia
Assyrian clothing — varies from village to village throughout the Assyrian homeland and beyond. DatesThe earliest type of costume here is a rather elaborate shawl drapery worn without any tunic underneath. Later comes the tunic with various fringed shawl draperies… … Wikipedia
Assyrian - The Struggle for Identity — is an upcoming documentary film produced, written and directed by Lamassu Productions. The documentary focuses on the history of the Assyrian people, beginning from the Neo Assyrian period up until present time, with the current situation of the… … Wikipedia