2008 Egyptian general strike

2008 Egyptian general strike

The 2008 Egyptian general strike was a strike which occurred on 6 April, 2008, by Egyptian workers, primarily in the state-run textile industry, in response to low wages and rising food costs. Strikes are illegal in Egypt and authorities have been given orders to break demonstrations forcefully in the past. [http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/E8503C3E-FD14-43D9-8C88-995264267DF6.htm Egypt issues strike warning] Al Jazeera English, 5 April 2008.] The strike took place just two days before key municipal elections.


Using FaceBook, blogs, SMS, independent media and word-of-mouth, activists and workers in Egypt sought to organize strikes, protests and demonstrations throughout the country on April 6. Calling it the "Egyptian Intifida," supporters called for civil disobedience, asking everyone to stay home from work and avoid making purchases. The strike began as an initiative of the workers of El-Mahalla El-Kubra but was picked up, promoted and expanded by activists using the Internet and cell phones. A group on the social networking site Facebook attracted more than 64,000 members. Although the banned Islamist organization the Muslim Brotherhood did not officially support the strike, it did not prevent its members from participating, and several Muslim Brotherhood activists and bloggers supported the strike. [ [http://arab-media.blogspot.com/2008/04/using-facebook-blogs-sms-independent.html "April 6th General Strike in Egypt Draws Together Diverse Groups Using Newest Technologies." "Arab Media Blogspot," April 2, 2008.] ] . The night before, Malek [ [http://malek-x.net/ Malek-X Web site.] ] an Egyptian blogger, and three activists from the Islamic Labour Party were arrested for posting fliers about the strike.

The text of the call for strike read:

All national forces in Egypt have agreed upon the 6th of April to be a public strike. On the 6th of April, stay home, do not go out; Don’t go to work, don’t go to the university, don’t go to school, don’t open your shop, don’t open your pharmacy, don’t go to the police station, don’t go to the camp; We need salaries allowing us to live, we need to work, we want our children to get education, we need human transportation means, we want hospitals to get treatment, we want medicines for our children, we need just judiciary, we want security, we want freedom and dignity, we want apartments for youth; We don’t want prices increase, we don’t want favoritism, we don’t want police in plain clothes, we don’t want torture in police stations, we don’t want corruption, we don’t want bribes, we don’t want detentions. Tell your friends not to go to work and ask them to join the strike. [ [http://news-lab.net/blog/2008/03/23/egyptian-intifada/ "Egyptian Intifada," "News Lab," March 23, 2008.] ]

April 6: day of the strike

The strike at Mahalla was to have begun at 7 a.m. but plain clothes security personnel and police infiltrated the factory and allegedly intimidated workers from striking. [ [http://www.dailystaregypt.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=12933 Sarah Carr, "Two allegedly killed during violent clashes in Mahalla," "Daily News Egypt," 6 April 2008.] ] Hundreds of plainclothes security men took control of the Mahalla textile factories before work began, seizing workers and forcing them to work. At the end of the day, police escorts led small groups of workers out of the factories in an attempt to discourage mass protests. [http://africa.reuters.com/world/news/usnL06488125.html Nasser Nouri, "Clashes in Nile Delta After Strike Aborted," "Reuters," 6 April 2008.] ] This led some in the press to call the strike a failure and many left the region (about an hour outside Cairo) before any violence started. [ [http://www.dailystaregypt.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=12918 Rania Al Malky, "Reflections: Bread or freedom?", "Daily News Egypt," 6 April 2008.] ] . Two people, including a 15-year-old-boy, were killed by Egyptian police, who used tear gas, rubber bullets, and live ammunition against the striking workers and other protesters. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/low/middle_east/7332929.stm Clashes in Egypt strike stand-off] BBC News, 7 April 2008; [http://africa.reuters.com/wire/news/usnL11177911.html "Egypt Police Hold Academics on Way to Troubled Town," "Reuters," April 11, 2008] ; [http://www.voanews.com/english/2008-04-11-voa56.cfm Challiss McDonough, "Egypt Security Forces Block Activists, Doctors from Reaching Strike Town," "Voice of America," 11 April 2008] ; [http://www.afriquenligne.fr/news/africa-news/tension-remains-high-in-egypt-over-clashes,-election-200804091563.html "Tension Remains High in Egypt Over Clashes, Election," "Panapress," 9 April 2008] ; [http://hrw.org/english/docs/2008/04/11/egypt18517_txt.htm "Egypt: Investigate Police Use of Force at Protests," press release, "Human Rights Watch," April 11, 2008] ; [http://www.allheadlinenews.com/articles/7010578245 "Boy Dies In Clashes In Northern Egyptian Town," "All Headline News," April 8, 2008] ; [http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSL08810639 Wael Gamal, "Police Shoot Boy Dead in Troubled Nile Delta Town," "Retuers," 8 April 2008] ; [http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/04/08/africa/ME-GEN-Egypt-Protest-Death.php "Egyptian Boy Dies From Wounds Sustained in Mahalla Food Riots," "Associated Press," April 8, 2008] .] . Several leaders of opposition parties have been detained, including the Kifaya coordinator Mohamed el-Ashqar, Freedom Commission Rapporteur of the Labor Party Mohamed Abdel Kodous, prominent activist and Kifaya member Magdy Qarqar, and blogger Sharkawy [ [http://sharkawy.wordpress.com/ Sharkawy Web site.] ] (who was sodomized and tortured by Egyptian police in 2006), [ [http://www.slate.com/id/2166146 Wael Abbas, "Big Brothers: In Egypt, Blogging Can Get You Arrested—Or Worse," "Slate," May 14, 2007.] ] and others. [ [http://africa.reuters.com/top/news/usnBAN024488.html Will Rasmussen, "Egypt Detains Opposition Figure After Strike Attempt," "Reuters," 10 April 2008.] ]

Official media channels controlled by the Egyptian government discouraged citizens from participating in the strike, and law enforcement officials warned that protesters could be punished with three months to one year in jail.fact|date=April 2008 Thousands of police lined the streets in downtown Cairo near the universities and in Mahalla in attempt to initimidate people and prevent them from participating. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/07/world/middleeast/07egypt.html Michael Slackman, "In Egypt, Technology Helps Spread Discontent of Workers," "New York Times," April 7, 2008.] ] There were no protests in Cairo's Tahrir Square (most likely due to strong police presence; at least some protesters were chased from the square by police), [http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/babylonbeyond/2008/04/egypt-too-poor.html Jeffrey Fleishman and Noha El-Hennawy, "Egypt: Too Poor to Strike?", "Los Angeles Times," April 6, 2008.] ] though students at Ain Shams, Helwan and Cairo universities held demonstrations.fact|date=April 2008 Many people did stay home in solidarity with the protesters and out of fear of possible violence, with the streets of Cairo noticeably quiet and more stores than usual shuttered for the day.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Egyptian municipal elections, 2008 — The 2008 Egyptian municipal elections were local elections held across Egypt on 8 April 2008.Run up to electionsIn the run up to the elections, Human Rights Watch alleged mass round ups of 800 opposition Muslim Brotherhood candidates and would be …   Wikipedia

  • Strike action — Female tailors on strike. New York City, February, 1910 …   Wikipedia

  • General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon operators — The United States Air Force (USAF) and four of its NATO partners are the primary operators of General Dynamics F 16 Fighting Falcon. With the evolution of sales under Foreign …   Wikipedia

  • General Dynamics F-16 Falcon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Falcon. General Dynamics F 16 Fighting Falcon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • General dynamics f-16 falcon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Falcon. General Dynamics F 16 Fighting Falcon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 2008 — This article is about the year 2008. 2008 : January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · Septem …   Wikipedia

  • General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon — « F 16 » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir F16 et Falcon. General Dynamics F 16 Fighting Falcon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 2008 in politics — yearbox in?=in politics cp=20th century c=21st century cf=22nd century yp1=2005 yp2=2006 yp3=2007 year=2008 ya1=2009 ya2=2010 ya3=2011 dp3=1970s dp2=1980s dp1=1990s d=2000s da=0 dn1=2010s dn2=2020s dn3=2030s|EventsJanuary* January 1 Cyprus, Malta …   Wikipedia

  • 2011 Egyptian revolution — For other revolutions, see Egyptian revolution. 2011 Egyptian revolution Part of the Arab Spring …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of the 2011 Egyptian revolution under Hosni Mubarak's rule — This article is about timeline of the 2011 Egyptian revolution before Hosni Mubarak s resignation. For subsequent events, see Timeline of the 2011 Egyptian revolution under Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. Main article: Timeline of the 2011… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»