Oscar Cullmann

Oscar Cullmann

Oscar Cullmann (25 February 1902, Strasbourg - 16 January 1999, Chamonix) was a Christian theologian in the Lutheran tradition. He is best known for his work in the ecumenical movement, being in part responsible for the establishment of dialogue between the Lutheran and Roman Catholic traditions. Because of his intense ecumenical work, Cullmann's Basel colleague Karl Barth joked with him that his tombstone would bear the inscription "advisor to three popes." He was invited to be an observer at the Second Vatican Council.[1]

Cullmann was born in Strasbourg (then in Germany) and studied classical philology and theology at the seminary there. In 1926 he accepted an assistant professorship, a position previously held by Albert Schweitzer.

In 1930 he was awarded a full professorship of New Testament, beginning in 1936 to also teach the history of the early church. In 1938, he began teaching both subjects at Basel Reformed Seminary. In 1948 he accepted a position teaching theology in Paris at the Sorbonne while he continued at Basel. He retired from both in 1972.

Cullmann's studies on Christian eschatology and Christology drove him to propose a third position over against the popular positions of C. H. Dodd and Albert Schweitzer, known as "redemptive history". He wrote that Jesus Christ was the midpoint of sacred history, which informs general history, and which runs linearly from creation to consummation.[1] He stressed the objective reality of sacred history against the existentialist interpretation of Rudolf Bultmann, a fellow German theologian.

Upon his death at age 96, the World Council of Churches issued a special tribute to Cullmann in honor of his ecumenical work.

Literary works

Among Cullmann's important works are:

  • Baptism in the New Testament
  • Christ and Time
  • Peter: Disciple, Apostle and Martyr
  • The Christology of the New Testament
  • Early Christian Worship
  • Salvation in History
  • The Immortality of the Soul or the Resurrection of the Body: The Witness of the New Testament (available online)


  1. ^ a b Cross, F. L., ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. New York: Oxford University Press. 2005, article Cullmann, Oscar

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  • Oscar Cullmann — (* 25. Februar 1902 in Straßburg; † 16. Januar 1999 in Chamonix) war ein evangelischer Exeget und Theologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Schriften 3 Webli …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oscar Cullmann — (Estrasburgo, 25 de febrero de 1902 id., 16 de enero de 1999) fue un teólogo protestante francés. Es conocido sobre todo por su trabajo en el movimiento ecuménico, siendo uno de los responsables del establecimiento del diálogo entre luteranos y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Oscar Cullmann — (25 février 1902 à Strasbourg 16 janvier 1999 à Chamonix) est un théologien et exégète luthérien, spécialiste de l exégèse du Nouveau Testament, de l Église primitive et de l histoire du Salut. Il enseigna successivement à la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CULLMANN (O.) — CULLMANN OSCAR (1902 ) Théologien protestant français. Né à Strasbourg, spécialiste de l’exégèse du Nouveau Testament et de l’histoire de l’Église ancienne, Oscar Cullmann enseigna d’abord à la faculté de théologie de Strasbourg (1930 1938), puis …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cullmann — Cullmann, Culmann oder Cullman ist der Familienname folgender Personen: August Ferdinand Culmann (1804–1891), deutscher Jurist, Unternehmer und Politiker Bernd Cullmann (* 1939), deutscher Leichtathlet Bernhard Cullmann (* 1949), deutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cullmann — and its variants are surnames. Cullmann may refer to: Bernd Cullmann (born 1939), West German athlete, winner of gold medal in 4x100 m relay at the 1960 Summer Olympics Bernhard Cullmann (born 1949), nicknamed Bernd , German footballer John G.… …   Wikipedia

  • Óscar (nombre) — Para otros usos de este término, véase Oscar (desambiguación). Óscar u Oscar Oscar Wilde Origen germano …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cullmann — Cụllmann,   Oscar, evangelischer Theologe, * Straßburg 25. 2. 1902, ✝ Chamonix 16. 1. 1999; war ab 1930 Professor für Neues Testament und alte Kirchengeschichte in Straßburg, 1938 72 in Basel, 1945 48 zugleich in Straßburg, ab 1949 auch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cullmann, Oscar — (1902–99). A NT scholar who taught both in France and Italy. His historical judgements (e.g. on the primacy of Peter) have been fairly conservative; he maintained against Bultmann [[➝ Bultmann, Rudolf]] that the Bible is a record of ‘saving… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Cullman — Cullmann, Culmann oder Cullman, ist der Familienname folgender Personen: August Ferdinand Culmann (1804–1891), deutscher Jurist, Unternehmer und Politiker Bernd Cullmann (* 1939), deutscher Leichtathlet Bernhard Cullmann (* 1949), deutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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