- Diplomate of National Board
Diplomate of National Board (DNB) is the title awarded by the National Board of Examinations (NBE) to candidates who successfully complete their postgraduate or postdoctoral medical education under it.
In 1975, the Government of India established the National Board of Examinations, an autonomous body under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, with the prime objective of conducting postgraduate and postdoctoral courses of high and uniform standard in various disciplines of modern medicine and allied sciences on an all-India basis. The Board conducts its postgraduate and postdoctoral programmes in teaching hospitals accredited by it and in medical colleges accredited by the Medical Council of India.
Recognition of DNB qualifications
The degrees are recognised on by a Govt Gazette order. Also, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has issued notification mentioning that DNB should always be considered equivalent to MD.
DNB is one of the most difficult post-graduate exams to pass. This is especially true for Internal Medicine, OBG, Pediatrics,Pathology and Family Medicine which have the most gruelling examiners, exam schedules and abysmal passing rates. Due to this reason, there has been a trend that most of the newer corporate hospitals prefer recruiting a DNB pass candidate over a MD candidate, as the former is expected to have a more in-depth knowledge of the subject. Also the practical exams attended only after the candidates pass their respective DNB Theory exams are particularly tough as they are conducted in Colleges or hospitals away from the home cities. Examiners are from reputed colleges across India ensuring transparent and impartial judgement of the genuine clinical skills of the candidate.
The name of the degree awarded by the National Board of Examinations is called "Diplomate of National Board" (DNB). The list of recognised qualifications awarded by the Board in various broad and super specialties as approved by the Government of India are included in the first schedule of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.
Since 2009, the DNB qualifications awarded by the National Board of Examinations have been equated with postgraduate and postdoctoral qualifications awarded by other Indian universities for all purposes, including appointment to teaching posts. 
List of broad specialties for DNB
Three-year postgraduate residency programme is available in the following broad specialties:
1. Anatomy, 2. Physiology, 3. Biochemistry, 4. Pathology, 5. Microbiology, 6. Forensic Medicine, 7. Pharmacology, 8. General Medicine, 9. Paediatrics, 10. Psychiatry, 11. Radio Therapy, 12. Radio Diagnosis, 13. Anaesthesiology, 14. Dermatology & Venereology, 15. Respiratory Diseases, 16. Nuclear Medicine, 17. General Surgery, 18. Orthopedic Surgery, 19. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 20. Ophthalmology, 21. Otorhinolaryngology, 22. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 23. Social and Preventive Medicine, 24. Health Administration (including Hospital Administration), 25. Family Medicine, 26. Immunohematolopy & Transfusion Medicine, 27. Maternal and Child Health, 28. Rural Surgery. 
List of super specialties for DNB
Three-year residency programme is available in the following super-specialties:
1. Cardiology, 2. Gastroenterology, 3. Nephrology, 4. Endocrinology, 5. Neurology, 6. Medical Oncology, 7. Haematology, 8. Rheunatology, 9. Cardio Thoracic Surgery, 10. Paediatrics Surgery, 11. Genito Urinary Surgery (Urology), 12. Neurosurgery, 13. Plastic Surgery, 14. Surgical Gastroenterology, 15. Surgical Oncology, 16. Peripheral Vasular Surgery, 17. Neonatology. 
List of subspecialties for FNB
The National Board of Examinations also runs postdoctoral fellowship programme in select subspecialties. On successful completion of two-year residency, candidates are awarded Fellow of National Board (FNB).
Fellowship programme is available in the following subspecialties:
1. Critical Care Medicine, 2. Reproductive Medicine, 3. Cardiac Anesthesia, 4. Minimal Access Surgery, 5. Vitreo-Retinal Surgery, 6. Interventional Cardiology, 7. Pediatric Cardiology, 8. Spine Surgery, 9. Hand & Micro Surgery, 10. Trauma Care, 11. Pediatrics Hemato Oncology, 12. Pediatrics Intensive Care, 13. Laboratory Medicine, 14. Infectious Diseases, 15. High Risk Pregnancy & Perinatology.
- ^ http://www.natboard.edu.in/aboutus.php
- ^ The Gazette of India, extraordinary, part II, section 3, subsection ii, February 20, 2009
- ^ Information Bulletin & Application Form for Diplomate of National Board, Final Exam (Broad Specialties), December 2009.
- ^ Information Bulletin & Application Form for Diplomate of National Board, Centralized Entrance Test, Post Doctoral Courses, January 2010.
- ^ Information Bulletin and Application Form for Fellowship Entrance Exam, January 2010.
- ^ Information Bulletin and Application Form for Fellowship Exit Exam, 2010.
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